Chapter 2

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abuter
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223763
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Chapter 2
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2013-06-29 22:47:31
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Organization Body
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  1. abd
    • abdomen
    • abdominal
  2. A&P
    anatomy and physiology
  3. AP
    anteroposterior
  4. CNS
    centeral nervious system
  5. CV
    cardiovascular
  6. ER
     endoplasmic reticulum
  7. GI
    gastrointestenial
  8. LAT, lat
    lateral
  9. LLQ
    Left lower quadrant
  10. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  11. PA
    posteroanterior
  12. RLQ
    right lower quadrant
  13. RUQ
    right upper quadrant
  14. atom
    smallest chemical unit of matter
  15. nucleus
    center of the atom
  16. positively charged particle located within the nucleus of an atom
    proton
  17. neutral particle within the nucleus of an atom
    neutron
  18. negatively charged particle that revolves about the nucleus of an atom
    electron
  19. a substance that cannot be separated into substances
    element
  20. a chemical combination of two or more atoms that form a specific chemical compound
    molecule
  21. the basic building blocks for the various structures that together make up the human being.
    cells
  22. the outer covering of the cell
    cell membrane
  23. protoplasm
    substance within the cell membrane
  24. substance of the cell's nucleus and contains the genetic matter necessary for cell reproduction as well as control over the activity within the cell's cytoplam
    karyoplasm
  25. all protoplasm outside the nucleus
    cytoplasm
  26. a grouping of similar cells that together perform specialezed functions
    tissue
  27. name the 4 basic types of tissue in the body
    • connective
    • epithelial
    • muscle
    • nerve
  28. a sheet like arrangements of cells;
    sometimes several layers thick, that form the outer layer of skin
    epithelial tissue
  29. most widespread and abundant of the body tissues;forms the supporting network for the organs of the body
    connective tissue
  30. 3 types of muscle tissue
    • voluntary or striated
    • cardiac
    • involuntary or smooth
  31. functions to control and coordinate the activites of the body
    nerve tissue
  32. specialized components of the body
    organs
  33. a group organs functioning together for a common purpose
    system
  34. 4 reference systems
    • cavities
    • direction
    • planes
    • structural unit
  35. reference system:   direction (9)
    • superior
    • anterior 
    • posterior 
    • cephalad 
    • medial 
    • lateral 
    • proximal
    • distal
    • dorsal
  36. reference systems:   planes (3)
    • coronal or frontal 
    • transverse or horizontal
    • midsagittal
  37. Hollow space containing body organs
    cavity
  38. 2 types of cavitis are...
    • ventral or anterior
    • dorsal or posterior
  39. The ventral cavity is subdivided into ____ cavities.  They are:
    • 3
    • thoracic 
    • abdominal
    • pelvic
  40. The Dorsal cavity is subdivided into ___ cavities.  The are:
    • 2 cavities
    • cranial 
    • spinal
  41. The abdominopelvic cavity is the combination of the _____ and the ___ cavities and is divided into ____ regions.
    • abdominal
    • pelvic
    • 9
  42. 9 regions of the abdominopelvic cavity are:
    • right hypochondriac
    • left hypochondriac 
    • epigastric
    • right lumbar 
    • left lumbar
    • umbilical
    • right iliac (inguinal)
    • left iliac (inguinal)
    • hypogastric
  43. abdomin/o
    abdomen (belly)
  44. ankyl/o
    ankle
  45. brachi/o
    arm
  46. poster/i
    posterior
    back
  47. oste/o
    bones
  48. mast
    mamm/o
    mammary
    breast
  49. bucc/o
    buccal
    check
  50. thorac/o
    thorax
    chest
  51. oto/
    otic
    ear
  52. cubital
    elbow
  53. opthalm/o
    ocul/o
    opt/o
    eye
  54. dactyl/o
    digit
    phalanx
    finger
  55. illus
    foot
  56. gingiv
    gingiva
    gums
  57. manus
    hand
  58. cephal/o
    cephalad
    head
  59. cardi/o
    cardiac
    heart
  60. coxa
    hip
  61. crural
    femoral
    leg/thigh
  62. hepato/o
    hepatic
    liver
  63. pulm/o
    pulmonary
    lungs
  64. or/o
    oral
    mouth
  65. muscl/o
    muscle
  66. umbiliac
    umbilicus
    naval
  67. cervic/o
    cervical
    neck
  68. neur/o
    neural
    nerves
  69. rhin/o
    nas/o
    nasal
    nose
  70. cost/o
    costal
    ribs
  71. lateral
    side
  72. derm/o
    dermad
    skin
  73. crani/o
    cranial
    skull
  74. gastr/o
    gastric
    stomach
  75. dent
    dental
    teeth
  76. tempora
    temporal
    temples
  77. pharyng/o
    pharyngeal
    throat
  78. pollex
    thumb
  79. lingu/o
    gloss/o
    lingual
    glossal
    tongue
  80. carp/o
    carpal
    wrist
  81. adipose
    fatty tissue throughout the body
  82. ambilateral
    pertaining to both sides
  83. literally means to cut up; the study of the structure of an organism such as humans
    anatomy
  84. android
    to resemble man
  85. anterior
    • in front of
    • before
  86. the pointed end of a cone-shaped structure
    apex
  87. the lower part of the foundation of a structure
    base
  88. pertaining to two sides
    bilateral
  89. caudal
    pertaining to the tail
  90. the midpoint of a body or activity
    center
  91. cephalad
    toward the head
  92. microscopic bodies that carry the genes that determine hereditary characterisics
    chromosome
  93. hair-like processes that project from epithelial cells
    cilia
  94. to remove water away from the body
    dehydrate
  95. process in which parts of a substance move from areas of high concentration to areas of lower concentration
    diffusion
  96. pertaining to formation outside the organism or body
    ectogenous
  97. ectomorph
    a slender physical body form
  98. the process of filtering or straining particles from a solution
    filtration
  99. the hereditary unit that transmits and determines one's characteristics or hereditary traits
    gene
  100. histology
    study of tissue
  101. state of equilibrium maintained in the body's internal environment
    hemostasis
  102. horizon, of or near the horizon, lying flat, even, level
    horizontal
  103. complete set of genes and chromosomes tucked inside each of the body's trillons of cells
    human genome
  104. located below or in a downward direction
    inferior
  105. inguinal
    pertaining to groin, of or near the groin
  106. internal
    within, or the inside
  107. karyogenesis
    formation of cell's nucleus
  108. lateral
    pert. to side
  109. medial
    pert. to middle or midline
  110. mesomorph
    a well-proportioned body form
  111. organic
    pert. to an organ
  112. pathology
    study of disease
  113. perfusion
    the process of pouring through
  114. the physical appearance or type of makeup of an individual
    phenotype
  115. phen/o
    to show
  116. physiology
    the study of the nature of living organisms
  117. physi/o
    nature
  118. posterior
    toward the back
  119. the essential matter of a living cell
    protoplasm
  120. proto
    first
  121. nearest the center or point of origin; nearest the point of attachment
    proximal
  122. somatotrophic
    pert to stimulation of body growth
  123. somat/o
    body
  124. superfic/i
    near the surface
  125. superficial
    pert. to the surface, on or near the surface
  126. superior
    located above or in an upward direction
  127. systemic
    pert. to the body as a whole
  128. topical
    pert. to a place, definite locale
  129. unilateral
    pert. to one side
  130. pert. to the front side of the body, abd, belly surface
    ventral
  131. the top or highest point; the top or crown of the head
    vertex
  132. pert. to body organs enclosed within a cavity, especially abdominal organs
    visceral
  133. viscer
    body organs
  134. system
    a composite whole
  135. distal
    away from the point of attachment
  136. upper right region at the level of the 9th rib cartilage
    right hypochondriac
  137. upper left region at the level of the 9th rib cartilage
    left hypochondriac
  138. region over the stomach
    epigastric
  139. right middle lateral region
    right lumbar
  140. left middle lateral region
    left lumbar
  141. in the center, between the right and left lumbar region; at the naval
    umbilical
  142. right lower lateral region
    right iliac (inguinal)
  143. left lower lateral region
    left iliac (inguinal)
  144. lower middle region below the naval
    hypogastric
  145. vertically divides the body as it passes through the midline to form a right and left half
    midsagital plane
  146. is any plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
    transverse or horizontal plane
  147. any plane that divides the body at right angles to the mid-sagittal plane
    coronal or frontal plane
  148. hollow portion of the human torso extending from the neck to the pelvis and containing the heart and the organs of respiration, digestion, reproduction, and elimination
    ventral cavity
  149. is the area of the chest containing the heart and lungs
    thoracic cavity
  150. space below the diaphragm, commonly referred to as the belly; contains kidneys, stomach, intestines, and other organs of digestion
    abdominal cavity
  151. space containing the heart
    pericardial cavity
  152. spaces surrounding each lung
    pleural cavities
  153. space formed by the bones of the pelvic area and contains the organs of reproduction and elimination
    pelvic cavity
  154. space in the skull containing the brain
    cranial cavity
  155. space within the boney spinal column that contains the spinal cord and spinal fluid
    spinal cavity

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