Unit one -the Meaning of Citizenship .txt

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Unit one -the Meaning of Citizenship .txt
2013-06-13 22:40:48

Unit 1 of Civics Study Notes for Exam
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  1. What is Civics?
    • The study of:
    • -public decision are made
    • -issues that are important to the public
    • -the rights & responsibility of citizens
  2. What's rights do you have as a citizenship?
    • Right to leave the country
    • Right to health care
    • Right to live/work in another province
    • Equal treatment
    • Freedom of speech
    • Etc
  3. What is the head of the Canadian government?
    What is the name of this person?
    Prime Minister: Stephen Harper
  4. Who is The premier of Ontario?
    Kathleen Wynne
  5. Who is the mayor of Toronto?
    Rob Ford
  6. Why is Ottawa important?
    • This is where the parliament building is located
    • Capital of Canada
  7. Why is July 1st important?
    • The day Canada became an independent nation on July 1st 1867
    • Constitution Act 1867
  8. What are the three levels of government?
    • Municipal
    • Provincial
    • Federal
  9. Name some political parties.
    • New Dependant Party
    • Liberals
    • Conservatives
    • Green Party
    • Bloc Quebec
  10. What are some things someone can do if they don't like the government?
    • Sign a petition
    • Create their own party
    • Protest
    • Vote for another party
    • Write letters
  11. What are some things the government did for you today?
    • Education
    • Health benefits
    • Create a safe country
    • Access to needs
    • Electricity
    • Regulated foods
    • Public transit
    • Roads
    • Water
  12. What is a citizen?
    A member of a state or an inhabitant of a city

    • Being born in Canada make you a Canadian citizen
    • Obeying laws, vote and pay tax
    • Caring about issues within or beyond your country
    • Devoting your time
  13. Who has the power in an Authoritarian type of government?
    A person or a small group
  14. Who has the power in a Democratic type of government?
    Everyone or majority
  15. How is power obtained in an Authoritarian government?
    Power is given by people or is taken
  16. How is power obtained in an Democratic government?
    By voting and majority
  17. What are some advantages a d disadvantages to an Authoritarian government?

    • Decisions are made quickly
    • More power
    • Not everyone has to agree
    • Has a plan/agenda
    • Tasks get done/goals achieved
    • Has a powerful vision of how things should be/end up

    • Disadvantages:
    • Not everyone will be satisfied
    • Voices are not heard
    • Unfair
    • Conflict occurs between sides
    • May not be popular
    • Not willing to compromise with group members
    • Overlook other people's good ideas or ways of doing things
    • Powerful vision may not be shared by all members
  18. What are some advantages and disadvantages to an Democratic government?

    • Everyone has a voice
    • Majority of people are happy
    • All voices count
    • Fair for everyone


    • Minority are not happy
    • takes a long time to make decisions
    • Conflict occurs between both sides
    • Juggles a lot of ideas
    • Might not be perfect by instead biased
    • Might lose power trying to satisfy everyone
  19. What is an Informed Citzenship?

    • key civics questions
    • Knowledge of political participation
    • the reasons for democracy
    • Different types of citizens
    • Different ways to make political decisions

    ~understands the basics of the political government
  20. What is a Purposeful Citizenship?

    • The role of the citizen
    • The personal values (moral compass)
    • Perspectives that help them make decisions
    • What type of citizen they are
    • Their moral purpose
    • Legal responsibilities

    ~knows what they should do
  21. What is an Active Citizenship?

    their knowledge, values and perspective to participate actively in the civic affairs of their communities


    • how to work within the democratic system
    • how to influence the public decision making

    ~does something to make a difference (ex Craig Kielburger)
  22. What makes an Authoritarian Government? (Their style of government)
    • "Father" figure
    • "All knowing"
    • Stubborn
    • Gets the job done
    • Self confident
    • Wields a lot of power
  23. What makes a Democratic Government? (Their style of government)
    • A good listener
    • Fair minded
    • Patient and organized
    • Easy going
    • Applies knowledge effectively
    • Concerned about the democratic process/ end result
    • Willing to make hard decisions
  24. What makes a Laissez-Faire Government? (Their style of government)
    • Hands off style of leadership
    • Leads from a distance
    • Extremely laid back
    • "What happens, happens"
  25. What are some advantages and disadvantages of Laissez-Vous Government? (Style of government)

    • Employees may enjoy the freedom
    • Workers are given freedom and more independence
    • Lessens accountability of the leaders in terms of decisions made

    • Disadvantages:
    • Lack of direction, guidance may cause frustration
    • Less work may get done
    • Lack of coordinated efforts (leads to more work or confusion)
    • Dangerous legal consequences because of employees actions
  26. What will happen if our government was a Authoritarian Government?
    • Absolute power may corrupt absolutely
    • Can be positive or negative depending on situation
    • Old fashioned, archaic
    • Very risky (vision and leadership style)
  27. What will happen if our government was a Democratic Government?
    • Very rewarding way to lead
    • Contributes to overall feeling of satisfaction
    • Am y people are encouraged to contribute to the leader's decisions
  28. What will happen if our government was a Laissez-Vous Government?
    • Can be beneficial
    • Only good if people working for you are good and working in your best interest
  29. What is a society?
    An organized or interdependent community of people who share basic needs and wants
  30. What are laws important?
    • Ensure safety of the community
    • Ensure there is fairness (no discrimination due to race, gender, etc)
    • To control citizens
  31. Who is Thomas Hobbes? What did he believe in?
    • Hobbes was a famous British philosopher in the 1600s.
    • He believed that people were born evil, selfish and will only seek their own interests
  32. Why were humans born evil?
    • Selfishness leads to war and violence
    • They should be taught obedience and enforced by Supreme Court to avoid chaos
  33. Who is Jean-Jacques Rousseau? What did he believe in?
    • A French philosopher
    • He believed humans were born with peace and harmony
  34. Why were humans born good?
    Democracy proves a sense of basic equality and fairness
  35. Define power.
    • Th ability to achieve what you want
    • To get others to do what you want
  36. What are some things that can give someone power?
    • Intelligence
    • Persuasion
    • Charisma
    • Money
    • Physical strength
    • Attractiveness
    • Social status
  37. What is Democracy?
    • Refers to society in where the power of the government comes rom/ depends on the consent of the people
    • Citizens have the opportunity to make and inform decisions about leadership, creating government policies and laws
  38. What else do people need besides the basic needs (water, shelter, food)?
    Psychological needs
  39. In a democracy government, decisions are made based on
    A) minority
    B) the leader's choice
    C) the number of strikes
    D) majority
    D) majority
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Why is the government's power limited in a democratic government?
    Must respect people's rights
  41. Do people in a democratic society live in freedom?
  42. What do true democratic citizens get?
    They get to:

    • enjoy their freedom and rights
    • Serious responsibilities
    • Human dignity
    • Respects others
    • Open communication
  43. Why do civic conflicts occur?
    • there are different views of how needs should be met
    • It is a natural result of living together
    • Positive and negative changes can occur as a result
  44. What is one way of solving a civic conflict?
    Democratic decision making
  45. What are some of the principles of democratic decision making? What makes it a good decision maker?
    • Everyone is valued equally
    • Everyone is entitled to say directly or have a representative
    • Everyone's voices are equal
    • Power can be removed from government

    • 1. Each person has something positive to say, everyone has something positive to gain
    • 2. Everyone is accountable for their own actions
    • 3. Each person must anticipated in some equal way
    • 4. There must be a method
    • 5. Decision must be made
  46. Who is Emily Murphy?
    • A women from the Famous Five who challenged a case that claimed that women were not "persons" when she was appointed a position in the police magistrate.
    • After 13 years, the British Privy court declared that women were indeed person
  47. What Are the two types of conflicts?
    Discussion and violence
  48. To be a good citizen, you should
    A) shouldn't disagree with the government
    B) vote in an election
    C) break the law once in a while
    D) shouldn't cause conflict
    B) vote in an election
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. True or false?
    Leaders of democracy don't have to listen to the law.
  50. How did the word "democracy" first come to be? Root words? Which language? Which area?
    (Hint: BCE)
    • The word has a Greek root, demos means people as kratos means power/strength
    • Started in Athens around 500 BCE
  51. When democracy was first founded who were allowed to have their opinions heard and what did they discuss about?
    • Only make citizens were allowed to vote at meetings
    • Held throughout the year for taxation, declaring war and spending money
  52. Bonus question:
    What does BCE stand for?
    Before Common Era
  53. Bonus Question:
    What does AD stand for?
    After Death
  54. What is the Magna Carta? What's another name for it?
    • Great Charter
    • It was a document that King John had to sign in 1215 England that stated everyone is equal before the law. Everyone must follow the laws. This also made the king responsible for maintaining the legal rights of his subjects.
  55. Describe the system of government the six First Nations used. The Iroquois Confederacy.
    • Village Council: local matter, stuff that affected village members
    • Tribal Council: warfare, trading with other nations that are not part of the Iroquois confederacy
    • Great Council: representative from each of the six nations; issues that affected all six nations
  56. What are the main levels in the Hierarchy pyramid of needs?
    Food, water, shelter



    Self actualization
  57. What are the 8 elements of democracy?
    • Rule of law: everyone must obey the law
    • Human Dignity: democratic citizens should protect and uphold the dignity of others
    • Political Equality: everyone has the same right to vote, run for office and speak
    • Political Freedoms: in a democracy people can speak freely without being intimidated
    • Common Good: citizens must work to a common good, something that will satisfy the majority
    • Being Informed and Getting Involved: democratic citizens should communicate openly and participate in issues to shape their community, nation and world
    • Personal Freedom: freedom of religion and/or expression
    • Respect: democratic citizens should respect the rights of others
  58. What are rights?
    Thingswe are morally or legally entitled to have or to do
  59. What are examples of Civil Rights?
    18th century:

    • Equality before the law
    • Liberty of person
    • Freedom of speech, thought, and religion
    • Right to own land
  60. What are examples of Political Rights?
    19th century:

    • Right to participate in elections
    • Right to runs for and hold office
    • Right tot vote
  61. What are examples of Social Rights?
    20th century:

    • Right to a certain standard of economic and social well being
    • Right to participate in society
  62. What laws guarantee rights to Canadians? Internationally?
    • Canadian Charter of Rights
    • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    • United Nations convention on the Rights of a Child
  63. Who is Alexis de Tocqueville?
    • A French scholar from the early 1800s that warned about "the tyranny of the majority".
    • He wanted to protect and respect the rights of the minority groups
  64. Define Majority Rule.
    The principle that the opinion of the greater number should prevail
  65. Define Minority Rights?
    The principle that the rights of the minority must be safeguarded,
  66. What are Responsibilities?
    • A duty or obligation
    • Our responsibilities are often linked to our rights
  67. What are some examples of the relation between rights and resonsibilities?
    • Right to drive a car = responsibility to obey traffic laws
    • Right to vote = responsibility to express our opinions in an election
    • Free Heath care = pay taxes
  68. What is the rule of law?
    • The principle that people are governed by the laws and no one is above it
    • It protects the rights of all citizens
    • Every citizen has the responsibility to obey laws, if not, there are consequences
  69. Who's responsibility is it to contribute to the Common Goal? Who will benefit?
    The citizens and everyone
  70. What are some basic needs that has to be met in Common Goals?
    Housing, proper nutrition and medical treatment

    Beyond are reduced criminal rates, better education, increase trade, etc
  71. What are 3 conflict solutions?
    • Negotiation
    • Mediation
    • Arbitration
  72. Define Negotiation.
    Both parties are involved to discuss problems
  73. Define Mediation.
    A third party helps both parties arrive at a solution to the conflict (medium)
  74. Define Arbitration.
    A third party is given the power to decide the outcome
  75. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages to solve conflict with Negotiation?

    • No one gets hurt
    • No violence
    • Both sides get a voice
    • Does not in love other people

    • Disadvantages:
    • Hard to not be negative
    • May not come to a conclusion
    • May take a long time
    • Entrenched in ideas, doesn't want to ee another side or switch positions
  76. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages to solve conflict with Mediation?

    • Helps solve the problem
    • Takes less time


    One side may feel like the other side is favoured (biased)
  77. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages to solve conflict with Arbitration?

    • Decisions made quicker
    • Third party makes the decision when the two don't come to a conclusion


    • Someone else solves the problem
    • Not every detail was stated or heard
  78. What are the three different types of power?
    • Rewards.
    • Persuasive
    • Forceful
  79. Who were the "suffragettes"?
    The famous five
  80. Who is John Locke? What did he believe in?
    • An English philosopher at felt the government should protect people's natural rights: life, liberty a d property
    • The government's power should be limited
  81. What is the Amendment XV to the US Constitution (1879)?
    Everyone should be allowed to vote no matter the race, colour or previous condition of servitude
  82. What is the New Zealand Electoral Act 1893?
    Women in New Zealand were given the right to vote
  83. What was Ghandi's Passive Resistance Campaign 1919?
    A non-violent campaign to win India's independence from Britain
  84. The Apartheid in South Africa was abolished in 1994,what was it about?
    The Apartheid is the policy that prevented back South Africans from voting