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when do you give thiazides for calcium stones?
if you have high calcium in urine and normal serum calclium
cfh exacerbation and already on loop diuretic, how much more diuretic you give them?
double the dose they came in with
for what size do you use lithotripsy?
5mm to 2 cm
what masses do you not biopsy, instead you just remove them?
- renal cell carcinoma
- ovarian mass
what drugs can cause interstitial nephritis?
- all drugs
rx for nephritis syndomres?
- cant pee
- cant hear
- cant see
all disease and tumor cause what nephrotic syndrome?
- minimal change dz
spike and dome gn
chronic renal disease
chronic renal disease and dm?
chronic management of high K?
which of the rta has high urine ph?
rta type 1
what causes a normal anion gap acidosis with low k
rta type 1 and 2, fanconi syndrome
how to differentiate between normal anion gap acidosis causes/?
look at K
if K is low--rta type 1 and 2
if K is high--hyperaldosteronism, rta type 4, cushings syndomre, K sparing diuretics
rx for type 1 rta
fast correction of high na
- cerebral edema
- central pontine myelinosis
prostate cancer occurs where in the prostate?
side effects of prostate surgery?
when do you not biopsy tumor, instead u just remove them
dx test for posterior urethreal valve