Medical terminology Chapter 5

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Medical terminology Chapter 5
2013-06-14 16:16:46
Lab procedures

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  1. cardiac enzymes
    test to measure levels of enzymes that are released into the blood when myocardial cells die during a myocardial infarction
  2. C-reactive protein CRP
    test to measure the level of inflammation in the body
  3. homocysteine
    test included as part of a cardiac risk assesment
  4. lipid profile
    test that provides a comprehensive picture of the levels in the blood of cholesterol and triglycerides and their lipoprotein carriers (LDL, HDL, VLDL)
  5. troponin
    test to measure the level of two proteins that are released into the blood when myocardial cells die
  6. cardiac cathererization
    procedure performed to study the anatomy and pressures in the heart
  7. cardiac exercise stress test
    procedure performed to evaluate the heart's response to exercise in patients with chest pain, palpitations, or arrhythmias
  8. electrocardiography (ECG or EKG)
    procedure that records the electrical activity of the heart
  9. electrophysiologic study (EPS)
    procedure to map the heart's conduction system in a patient with an arrhythmia
  10. Holter monitor
    procedure during which the patient's heart rate and rhythm are continuously monitored as an outpatient for 24 hours
  11. pharmacologic stress test
    test performed in patients who cannot exercise vigorously
  12. telemetry
    procedure to monitor a patient's heart rate and rhythm in the hospital
  13. angiography
    procedure in which radiopaque contrast dye is injected into a blood vessel to fill and outline it
  14. echocardiography
    procedure that uses a transducer to produce ultra high-frequency sound waves that are bounced off the heart to create an image
  15. multiple-gated acquisition scan (MUGA)
    nuclear medicine procedure that uses the radioactive tracer technetium-99
  16. myocardial perfusion scan
    nuclear medicine procedure that combines a cardiac exercise stress test with intravenous injections of a radioactive tracer
  17. single-photon emission computed tomography scan (SPECT)
    during a myocardial perfusion scan, the gamma camera is normally kept in a stationary position chest.  The gamma camera is moved in a circle around the patient, then this becomes a SPECT scan
  18. cardioversion
    procedure to treat an arrhythmia that cannot be treated with antiarrhythmic drugs.  AED
  19. schelotherapy
    procedure in which a sclerosing drug is injected into a varicose vein
  20. aneurysmectomy
    procedure to remove an aneurysm and repair the defect in the artery wall
  21. carotid endarerectomy
    procedure to remove plaque from an occluded carotid artery
  22. coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    procedure to bypass an occluded coronary artery and resore blood flow to the myocardium
  23. percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
    procedure to reconstruct an artery that is narrowed because of atherosclerosis.
  24. pericardiocentesis
    procedure that uses a needle to puncture the pericardium and withdraw inflammatory fluid accumulated in the pericardial sac
  25. radiofrequency catheter ablation
    procedure to destroy ectopic areas in the heart tat are emitting electrical impulses and producing arrhythmias