Medical Terminology Chapter 6

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  1. blood dyscrasia
    any disease condition involving blood cells
  2. pancytopenia
    decreased numbers of all types of blood cells due to failure of the bone marrow to produce stem cells
  3. septicemia
    sever bacterial infection of the tissues that spreads to the blood
  4. abnormal red blood cell morphology
    category that includes any type of abnormality in the size or shape of erythrocytes
  5. aplastic anemia
    anemia caused by failure of the bone marrow to produce erythrocytes because it has been damaged by disease, cancer, radiation, or chemotherapy.
  6. folic acid deficiency anemia
    anemia caused by deficiency of folic acid in the diet
  7. iron deficiency anemia
    anemia caused by a deficiency of iron in the diet or by increased loss of iron due to menstruation, hemorrhage, or chronic blood loss.
  8. pernicious anemia
    anemia caused by a lack of vitamin b12 in the diet or a lack of intrinsic factor in the stomach.  Can cause permanent damage to the nerves.
  9. sickle cell anemia
    anemia caused by an inherited genetic abnormality of an amino acid in hemoglobin.
  10. anisocytosis
    erythrocytes are too large or too small
  11. poikilocytosis
    erythrocytes that vary in shape
  12. polycythemia vera
    increased number of erythrocytes due to uncontrolled production by the red marrow.
  13. thalassemia
    inherited genetic abnormality that affects the synthesis of the globin chains in hemoglobin.
  14. leukemia
    • cancer of the leukocytes
    • acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
    • chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
    • acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
    • chronic lyphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  15. mononucleosis
    infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
  16. multiple myeloma
    cancer of the plasma cells that produce antibodies
  17. coagulopathy
    any disease that affects the ability of the blood to clot normally
  18. deep venous thrombosis
    a thrombus in one of the deep veins of the lower leg
  19. disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
    severe disorder of clotting in which multiple small thrombi are formed throughout the body.
  20. hemophilia
    inherited genetic abnormality that causes a lack or a deficiency of a specific clotting factor.
  21. thrombocytopenia
    deficiency of a number of thrombocytes due to exposure to radiation, chemicals, or drugs that damage stem cells in the bone marrow.
  22. graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
    immune reaction of donor tissue or a donor organ.
  23. lymphadenopathy
    enlarged lymph nodes
  24. lymphedema
    generalized swelling of an arm or let ghat occurs after surgery when a chain of lymph nodes has been removed
  25. lymphoma
    cancerous tumor of lymphocytes n the lymph nodes or lymphoid tissue
  26. Hodgkin's lymphoma
    most common type of lymphoma.
  27. non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
    a group of more than 20 different types of lymphomas that occur in older adults and do not show Reed-Sternberg cells
  28. thymoma
    tumor of the thymus that is usually benign.
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Medical Terminology Chapter 6
2013-06-15 01:54:25
Diseases conditions

Hematology and Immunology
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