VirtualSalt 1062 Vocabulary Words

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mtravers
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224041
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VirtualSalt 1062 Vocabulary Words
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2013-06-16 12:00:23
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Useful vocabulary words for writers.
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  1. abase
    behave in a way so as to belittle or degrade (someone)
  2. abate
    (of something perceived as hostile, threatening, or negative) become less intense or widespread cause to become smaller or less intense
  3. abdicate
    fail to fulfill or undertake (a responsibility or duty) (of a monarch) renounce one's throne
  4. aberration
    a departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically one that is unwelcome
  5. abet
    encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular, to commit a crime or other offense
  6. abeyance
    a state of temporary disuse or suspension
  7. abhor
    regard with disgust and hatred
  8. abhorrent
    inspiring disgust and loathing; repugnant
  9. abjure
    solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim)
  10. abomination
    a thing that causes disgust or hatred
  11. aboriginal
    (of human races, animals, and plants) inhabiting or existing in a land from the earliest times or from before the arrival of colonists; indigenous.
  12. abound
    exist in large numbers or amounts
  13. abrade
    scrape or wear away by friction or erosion
  14. abridge
    shorten (a book, movie, speech, or other text) without losing the sense
  15. abrogate
    repeal or do away with (a law, right, or formal agreement)
  16. abscond
    leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to avoid detection of or arrest for an unlawful action such as theft
  17. absolve
    set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility
  18. abstemious
    not self-indulgent, esp. when eating and drinking
  19. abstinent
    restraining oneself from indulging in something, typically alcohol.
  20. abstruse
    difficult to understand; obscure
  21. abysmal
    extremely bad; appalling
  22. accede
    1. assent or agree to a demand, request, or treaty 2. assume an office or position
  23. accentuate
    make more noticeable or prominent
  24. accolade
    an award or privilege granted as a special honor or as an acknowledgment of merit
  25. accrue
    (of sums of money or benefits) be received by someone in regular or increasing amounts over time
  26. acculturation
    assimilate or cause to assimilate a different culture, typically the dominant one
  27. acerbic
    (esp. of a comment or style of speaking) sharp and forthright
  28. acquiesce
    accept something reluctantly but without protest
  29. acquisitive
    excessively interested in acquiring money or material things.
  30. acquit
    free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty
  31. acrimonious
    (typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter
  32. acronym
    a word formed from the initial letters of other words
  33. acumen
    the ability to make good judgments and quick decisions, typically in a particular domain
  34. acute
    1. (of a bad, difficult, or unwelcome situation or phenomenon) present or experienced to a severe or intense degree 2. having or showing a perceptive understanding or insight: shrewd
  35. adage
    a proverb or short statement expressing a general truth
  36. adduce
    cite as evidence
  37. adherent
    someone who supports a particular party, person, or set of ideas
  38. adjunct
    1. a thing added to something else as a supplementary rather than an essential part 2. (in grammer) a word or phrase used to amplify or modify the meaning of another word or words in a sentence.
  39. admonish
    warn or reprimand someone firmly
  40. adulation
    obsequious flattery; excessive admiration or praise
  41. adulterate
    render (something) poorer in quality by adding another substance, typically an inferior one
  42. adumbrate
    1. to produce a faint image or resemblance of; to outline or sketch. 2. to foreshadow; prefigure. 3. to darken or conceal partially; overshadow.
  43. adventitious
    happening or carried on according to chance rather than design or inherent nature
  44. advocate
    n. a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy v. publicly recommend or support
  45. aesthetic
    concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty
  46. affable
    friendly, good-natured, or easy to talk to
  47. affectation
    behavior, speech, or writing that is artificial and designed to impress
  48. affidavit
    a written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation, for use as evidence in court.
  49. affinity
    1. a spontaneous or natural liking or sympathy for someone or something 2. a similarity of characteristics suggesting a relationship, esp. a resemblance in structure between animals, plants, or languages
  50. affliction
    (something that causes) pain or suffering
  51. affront
    n. an action or remark that causes outrage or offense v. offend the modesty or values of
  52. aftermath
    the consequences or aftereffects of an event, esp. when unpleasant
  53. aggrandize
    1. increase the power, status, or wealth of 2. enhance the reputation of (someone) beyond what is justified by the facts
  54. aggrieve
    1. to oppress or wrong grievously; injure by injustice. 2. to afflict with pain, anxiety, etc.
  55. aghast
    filled with horror or shock
  56. alacrity
    brisk and cheerful readiness
  57. alchemy
    1. the medieval forerunner of chemistry, based on the supposed transformation of matter. It was concerned particularly with attempts to convert base metals into gold or to find a universal elixir. 2. figurative a process by which paradoxical results are achieved or incompatible elements combined with no obvious rational explanation :
  58. alienate
    cause (someone) to feel isolated or estranged
  59. allege
    claim or assert that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically without proof that this is the case
  60. allegiance
    loyalty or commitment of a subordinate to a superior or of an individual to a group or cause
  61. alleviate
    make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe
  62. allocate
    distribute (resources or duties) for a particular purpose
  63. allot
    give or apportion (something) to someone as a share or task
  64. alloy
    a metal made by combining two or more metallic elements, esp. to give greater strength or resistance to corrosion
  65. allusion
    an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference
  66. altruism
    the belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others
  67. amalgamate
    combine or unite to form one organization or structure
  68. amass
    gather together or accumulate (a large amount or number of valuable material or things) over a period of time
  69. ambiguous
    1. (of language) open to more than one interpretation; having a double meaning 2. unclear or inexact because a choice between alternatives has not been made
  70. ambivalent
    having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone
  71. ameliorate
    make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better
  72. amenable
    (of a person) open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled
  73. amiable
    having or displaying a friendly and pleasant manner
  74. amid
    surrounded by; in the middle of
  75. amnesty
    1. an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses 2. an undertaking by the authorities to take no action against specified offenses or offenders during a fixed period
  76. amoral
    lacking a moral sense; unconcerned with the rightness or wrongness of something
  77. amorphous
    without a clearly defined shape or form
  78. anachronism
    1. a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, esp. a thing that is conspicuously old-fashioned 2. an act of attributing a custom, event, or object to a period to which it does not belong.
  79. anagram
    a word, phrase, or name formed by rearranging the letters of another (such as cinema, formed from iceman)
  80. analogy
    a comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification
  81. anarchy
    1. a state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority. 2. absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal.
  82. anathema
    1. something or someone that one vehemently dislikes 2. a formal curse by a pope or a council of the Church, excommunicating a person or denouncing a doctrine. Synonyms: abomination, an outrage, an abhorrence, a disgrace.
  83. ancillary
    providing necessary support to the primary activities or operation of an organization, institution, industry, or system
  84. anecdote
    1. a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person. 2. an account regarded as unreliable or hearsay.
  85. anhydrous
    (of a substance, esp. a crystalline compound) containing no water.
  86. animosity
    strong hostility
  87. anomaly
    something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected
  88. antecedent
    a thing or event that existed before or logically precedes another
  89. antedate
    precede in time; come before (something) in date
  90. anterior
    1. (formal) coming before in time; earlier 2. (technical, chiefly Anatomy & Biology) nearer the front, esp. situated in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart : the veins anterior to the heart. The opposite of posterior .
  91. antipathy
    a deep-seated feeling of dislike; aversion
  92. antiquity
    1. the ancient past, esp. the period before the Middle Ages 2. great age
  93. antithesis
    1. a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else 2. a contrast or opposition between two things
  94. apathy
    lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
  95. aperture
    an opening, hole, or gap
  96. aphorism
    1. a pithy observation that contains a general truth, such as, “if it ain't broke, don't fix it.” 2. a concise statement of a scientific principle, typically by an ancient classical author.
  97. apocryphal
    (of a story or statement) of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as being true
  98. apostasy
    the abandonment or renunciation of a religious or political belief.
  99. apotheosis
    1. the highest point in the development of something; culmination or climax 2. the elevation of someone to divine status; deification
  100. appalling
    awful; terrible
  101. appendage
    1. (often with negative or pejorative connations) a thing that is added or attached to something larger or more important 2. (in biology) a projecting part of an invertebrate or other living organism, with a distinct appearance or function
  102. apportion
    divide and allocate
  103. apposite
    apt in the circumstances or in relation to something Synonyms: appropriate, suitable, fitting, apt, befitting; relevant
  104. appraise
    assess the value or quality of
  105. approbation
    approval or praise
  106. appurtenance
    an accessory or other item associated with a particular activity or style of living
  107. apropos
    (preposition) with reference to; concerning (adv.) used to state a speaker's belief that someone's comments or acts are unrelated to any previous discussion or situation (adj.) very appropriate to a particular situation
  108. aptitude
    1. a natural ability to do something 2. a natural tendency
  109. arbitrary
    based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system
  110. arcane
    understood by few; mysterious or secret
  111. archetype
    1. a very typical example of a certain person or thing 2. an original that has been imitated 3. a recurrent symbol or motif in literature, art, or mythology
  112. archive
    (n.) a collection of historical documents or records providing information about a place, institution, or group of people
  113. arduous
    involving or requiring strenuous effort; difficult and tiring
  114. arid
    1. being without moisture; extremely dry; parched 2. (figurative) lacking interest or imaginativeness; sterile
  115. aristocratic
    1. distinguished in manners or bearing 2. grand; stylish
  116. armistice
    an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
  117. arraign
    1. call or bring (someone) before a court to answer a criminal charge 2. find fault with
  118. arsenal
    1. a collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person, or group 2. (figurative) an array of resources available for a certain purpose
  119. articulate
    1. (n.)having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently 2. (n.)having joints or jointed segments. 3. (v.)express (an idea or feeling) fluently and coherently
  120. artifact
    1. an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest 2. something observed in a scientific investigation or experiment that is not naturally present but occurs as a result of the preparative or investigative procedure
  121. artifice
    clever or cunning devices or expedients, esp. as used to trick or deceive others
  122. ascendancy
    occupation of a position of dominant power or influence
  123. ascertain
    find (something) out for certain; make sure of
  124. ascetic
    (adj.) characterized by or suggesting the practice of severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons (n.) a person who practices such self-discipline and abstention
  125. ascribe
    attribute something to (a cause)
  126. askance
    with an attitude or look of suspicion or disapproval
  127. aspersion
    an attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or something
  128. assail
    1. make a concerted or violent attack on 2. come upon (someone) suddenly and strongly 3. criticize (someone) strongly.
  129. assert
    state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully
  130. assiduous
    showing great care and perseverance
  131. assimilate
    1. take in (information, ideas, or culture) and understand fully 2. cause (something) to resemble; liken
  132. assuage
    1. make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense 2. satisfy (an appetite or desire)
  133. astringent
    1. causing the contraction of body tissues, typically of the skin 2. sharp or severe in manner or style 3. (of taste or smell) sharp or bitter
  134. astute
    having or showing an ability to accurately assess situations or people and turn this to one’s advantage
  135. atomistic
    a theoretical approach that regards something as interpretable through analysis into distinct, separable, and independent elementary components
  136. atrophy
    1. waste away, typically due to the degeneration of cells, or become vestigial during evolution 2. gradually decline in effectiveness or vigor due to underuse or neglect
  137. attenuation
    the process of reducing the force, effect, or value of
  138. attest
    1. provide or serve as clear evidence of 2. declare that something exists or is the case 3. be a witness to; certify formally
  139. attribute
    (v.) regard something as being caused by (n.) a quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part of someone or something
  140. attrition
    1. the action or process of gradually reducing the strength or effectiveness of someone or something through sustained attack or pressure 2. the gradual reduction of a workforce by employees' leaving and not being replaced rather than by their being laid off 3. wearing away by friction; abrasion
  141. audacious
    1. showing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks 2. showing an impudent lack of respect
  142. augment
    (v.) make (something) greater by adding to it; increase
  143. auspices"under the auspices of"
    patronage; support; sponsorship PHRASES under the auspices of with the help, support, or protection of : the delegation's visit was arranged under UN auspices.
  144. auspicious
    1. conducive to success; favorable 2. giving or being a sign of future success
  145. austere
    1. severe or strict in manner, attitude, or appearance 2. (of living conditions or a way of life) having no comforts or luxuries; harsh or ascetic 3. having an extremely plain and simple style or appearance; unadorned
  146. autonomy
    1. the right or condition of self-government, esp. in a particular sphere 2. freedom from external control or influence; independence
  147. auxiliary
    providing supplementary or additional help and support
  148. avarice
    extreme greed for wealth or material gain.
  149. aversion
    1. a strong dislike or disinclination 2. someone or something that arouses such feelings.
  150. avid
    1. having or showing a keen interest in or enthusiasm for something 2. ( avid for) having an eager desire for something
  151. axiom
    a statement or proposition that is regarded as being established, accepted, or self-evidently true
  152. banal
    so lacking in originality as to be obvious and boring
  153. bane
    a cause of great distress or annoyance
  154. barrage
    1. a concentrated artillery bombardment over a wide area. 2. (figurative) a concentrated outpouring, as of questions or blows
  155. belated
    coming or happening later than should have been the case
  156. benevolent
    well meaning and kindly
  157. benign
    1. gentle; kindly 2. (of a climate or environment) mild and favorable 3. (of a disease) not harmful in effect
  158. bequeath
    1. leave (a personal estate or one's body) to a person or other beneficiary by a will 2. pass (something) on or leave (something) to someone else
  159. bestow
    confer or present (an honor, right, or gift)
  160. bilateral
    1. having or relating to two sides; affecting both sides 2. involving two parties, usually countries
  161. bipolar
    having or relating to two poles or extremities
  162. bland
    1. lacking strong features or characteristics and therefore uninteresting 2. (of food or drink) mild or insipid 3. (of a person or behavior) showing no strong emotion; dull and unremarkable
  163. blandishment
    a flattering or pleasing statement or action used to persuade someone gently to do something
  164. blasphemy
    the act or offense of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk
  165. blatant
    1. (of bad behavior) done openly and unashamedly 2. completely lacking in subtlety; very obvious
  166. blueprint
    1. a design plan or other technical drawing. 2. (figurative) something that acts as a plan, model, or template
  167. brandish
    wave or flourish (something, esp. a weapon) as a threat or in anger or excitement.
  168. brazen
    1. bold and without shame 2. harsh in sound
  169. brevity
    1. concise and exact use of words in writing or speech. 2. shortness of time
  170. brink
    1. an extreme edge of land before a steep or vertical slope 2. a margin or bank of a body of water 3. a point at which something, typically an unwelcome or disastrous event, is about to happen
  171. bureaucracy
    1. a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives. 2. excessively complicated administrative procedure, seen as characteristic of such a system
  172. burnish
    polish (something, esp. metal) by rubbing
  173. cajole
    persuade someone to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery
  174. callous
    showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others
  175. calumny
    the making of false and defamatory statements in order to damage someone's reputation; slander.
  176. canard
    an unfounded rumor or story
  177. candid
    1. truthful and straightforward; frank 2. (of a photograph of a person) taken informally, esp. without the subject's knowledge.
  178. candor
    the quality of being open and honest in expression; frankness
  179. capacious
    having a lot of space inside; roomy
  180. capitulate
    cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand; surrender
  181. capricious
    given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior
  182. captivate
    attract and hold the interest and attention of; charm
  183. carcinogenic
    having the potential to cause cancer
  184. cardinal
    of the greatest importance; fundamental
  185. careen
    move swiftly and in an uncontrolled way in a specified direction
  186. cartel
    an association of manufacturers or suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition
  187. cartography
    the science or practice of drawing maps.
  188. cascade
    pour downward rapidly and in large quantities
  189. castigate
    reprimand (someone) severely
  190. catalyst
    1. a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change. 2. (figurative) a person or thing that precipitates an event
  191. caulk
    a waterproof filler and sealant, used in building work and repairs
  192. caustic
    1. able to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical action 2. (figurative) sarcastic in a scathing and bitter way
  193. celibacy
    abstaining from marriage and sexual relations, typically for religious reasons
  194. censure
    express severe disapproval of (someone or something), typically in a formal statement
  195. charlatan
    a person falsely claiming to have a special knowledge or skill; a fraud
  196. chaste
    abstaining from extramarital, or from all, sexual intercourse.
  197. chasten
    1. (of a reproof or misfortune) have a restraining or moderating effect on 2. (archaic - esp. of God) discipline; punish.
  198. chastise
    rebuke or reprimand severely
  199. chimera
    1. a thing that is hoped or wished for but in fact is illusory or impossible to achieve 2. (in Greek mythology) a fire-breathing female monster with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail.
  200. chronic
    1. (of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring 2. (of a problem) long-lasting and difficult to eradicate 3. (of a person) having a particular bad habit
  201. circumscribe
    1. restrict (something) within limits 2. (Geometry) draw (a figure) around another, touching it at points but not cutting it
  202. circumspect
    wary and unwilling to take risks
  203. circumvent
    1. find a way around (an obstacle) 2. overcome (a problem or difficulty), typically in a clever and surreptitious way
  204. clandestine
    kept secret or done secretively, esp. because illicit
  205. clemency
    mercy; lenience
  206. coagulate
    (of a fluid, esp. blood) change to a solid or semisolid state
  207. coalesce
    come together and form one mass or whole
  208. coda
    1. the concluding passage of a piece or movement, typically forming an addition to the basic structure. 2. a concluding event, remark, or section
  209. codicil
    an addition or supplement that explains, modifies, or revokes a will or part of one.
  210. coercion
    the process of persuading (an unwilling person) to do something by using force or threats
  211. cogent
    (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing
  212. cogitate
    think deeply about something; meditate or reflect
  213. cognizant
    having knowledge or being aware of
  214. cohesive
    1. characterized by or causing cohesion 2. cohering or tending to cohere; well-integrated; unified
  215. cohort
    1. a group of people banded together or treated as a group 2. a supporter or companion
  216. commensurate
    corresponding in size or degree; in proportion
  217. commiserate
    express or feel sympathy or pity; sympathize
  218. commodious
    (esp. of furniture or a building) roomy and comfortable.
  219. commodity
    1. a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee. 2. a useful or valuable thing, such as water or time.
  220. compendium
    1. a collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject, esp. in a book or other publication. 2. a collection of things, esp. one systematically gathered
  221. complement
    a thing that completes or brings to perfection
  222. complicity
    the state of being involved with others in an illegal activity or wrongdoing
  223. comply
    1. (of a person or group) act in accordance with a wish or command 2. (of an article) meet specified standards
  224. comprise
    consist of; be made up of
  225. compunction
    1. a feeling of guilt or moral scruple that follows the doing of something bad 2. a pricking of the conscience
  226. concave
    having an outline or surface that curves inward like the interior of a circle or sphere
  227. concede
    1. admit that something is true or valid after first denying or resisting it 2. surrender or yield
  228. concentric
    of or denoting circles, arcs, or other shapes that share the same center, the larger often completely surrounding the smaller
  229. conceptual
    of, relating to, or based on mental concepts
  230. concerted
    1. jointly arranged, planned, or carried out; coordinated 2. strenuously carried out; done with great effort
  231. conciliatory
    intended or likely to placate or pacify
  232. concise
    giving a lot of information clearly and in a few words; brief but comprehensive
  233. concoct
    make (a dish or meal) by combining various ingredients
  234. concomitant
    naturally accompanying or associated
  235. concur
    be of the same opinion; agree
  236. concurrent
    existing, happening, or done at the same time
  237. condescend
    show feelings of superiority; patronize
  238. condone
    accept and allow (behavior that is considered morally wrong or offensive) to continue
  239. confederate
    (adj.) joined by an agreement or treaty (n.) a person one works with, esp. in something secret or illegal; an accomplice
  240. confer
    1. grant or bestow 2. have discussions; exchange opinions
  241. configuration
    an arrangement of elements in a particular form, figure, or combination
  242. confluence
    1. the junction of two rivers, esp. rivers of approximately equal width 2. an act or process of merging
  243. confound
    1. cause surprise or confusion in (someone), esp. by acting against their expectations 2. (often be confounded with) mix up (something) with something else so that the individual elements become difficult to distinguish
  244. congeal
    1. solidify or coagulate, esp. by cooling 2. (figurative) take shape or coalesce, esp. to form a satisfying whole
  245. congruent
    1. in agreement or harmony 2. (of figures) identical in form; coinciding exactly when superimposed
  246. conjecture
    (n.) an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information (v.) form an opinion or supposition about (something) on the basis of incomplete information
  247. conjoin
    join; combine
  248. connotation
    an idea or feeling that a word invokes person in addition to its literal or primary meaning
  249. consternation
    feelings of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected
  250. construe
    interpret (a word or action) in a particular way
  251. contentious
    1. causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial 2. (of a person) given to arguing or provoking argument
  252. contiguous
    1. sharing a common border; touching 2. next or together in sequence
  253. contingent
    1. subject to chance 2. occurring or existing only if (certain other circumstances) are the case; dependent on
  254. contrite
    feeling or expressing remorse or penitence; affected by guilt
  255. contumacious
    (esp. of a defendant's behavior) stubbornly or willfully disobedient to authority.
  256. contumely
    insolent or insulting language or treatment
  257. conundrum
    a confusing and difficult problem or question
  258. conventional
    based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed
  259. converge
    (of several people or things) come together from different directions so as eventually to meet
  260. conversant
    familiar with or knowledgeable about something
  261. convex
    having an outline or surface curved like the exterior of a circle or sphere.
  262. convoluted
    1. (esp. of an argument, story, or sentence) extremely complex and difficult to follow 2. (technical) intricately folded, twisted, or coiled
  263. copious
    abundant in supply or quantity
  264. corollary
    (n.) a proposition that follows from (and is often appended to) one already proved. (adj.) forming a proposition that follows from one already proved. – associated; supplementary
  265. corporeal
    of or relating to a person's body, esp. as opposed to their spirit
  266. correlation
    a mutual relationship or connection between two or more things
  267. corroborate
    confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding)
  268. corrosive
    1. having the quality of corroding or eating away; erosive 2. harmful or destructive; deleterious 3. sharply sarcastic; caustic
  269. corrugated
    (of a material, surface, or structure) shaped into alternate ridges and grooves
  270. countenance
    1. a person's face or facial expression 2. support
  271. covert
    not openly acknowledged or displayed
  272. credulous
    having or showing too great a readiness to believe things
  273. criterion
    a principle or standard by which something may be judged or decided
  274. critique
    (n.) a detailed analysis and assessment of something, esp. a literary, philosophical, or political theory (v.) evaluate (a theory or practice) in a detailed and analytical way
  275. cryptic
    having a meaning that is mysterious or obscure
  276. cull
    select from a large quantity; obtain from a variety of sources
  277. culminate
    reach a climax or point of highest development
  278. culpable
    deserving blame
  279. cupidity
    greed for money or possessions.
  280. cursory
    hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed
  281. daunt
    make (someone) feel intimidated or apprehensive
  282. dearth
    a scarcity or lack of something
  283. debacle
    a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco
  284. debase
    reduce (something) in quality or value; degrade
  285. debilitate
    make (someone) weak and infirm
  286. debunk
    1. expose the falseness or hollowness of (a myth, idea, or belief) 2. reduce the inflated reputation of (someone), esp. by ridicule
  287. decimate
    1. kill, destroy, or remove a large percentage or part of 2. (historical) kill one in every ten of (a group of soldiers or others) as a punishment for the whole group.
  288. decorum
    behavior in keeping with good taste and propriety
  289. deduce
    arrive at (a fact or a conclusion) by reasoning; draw as a logical conclusion
  290. deem
    regard or consider in a specified way
  291. deference
    humble submission and respect
  292. defunct
    no longer existing or functioning
  293. degenerate
    having lost the physical, mental, or moral qualities considered normal and desirable; showing evidence of decline
  294. delectable
    (of food or drink) delicious
  295. deleterious
    causing harm or damage
  296. delineate
    describe or portray (something) precisely
  297. delusion
    an idiosyncratic belief or impression that is firmly maintained despite being contradicted by what is generally accepted as reality or rational argument, typically a symptom of mental disorder
  298. delve
    reach inside a receptacle and search for something
  299. demeanor
    outward behavior or bearing
  300. demise
    1. a person's death 2. the end or failure of an enterprise or institution
  301. demographics
    statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it
  302. demur
    raise doubts or objections or show reluctance
  303. demystify
    make (a difficult or esoteric subject) clearer and easier to understand
  304. denotation
    the literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests
  305. denouement
    1. the final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved. 2. the climax of a chain of events, usually when something is decided or made clear
  306. deplete
    use up the supply of; exhaust the abundance of exhaust
  307. deploy
    1. move (troops) into position for military action 2. bring into effective action; utilize
  308. depravity
    1. moral corruption 2. (Christian Theology) the innate corruptness of human nature, due to original sin.
  309. deprecate
    express disapproval of
  310. derelict
    1. in a very poor condition as a result of disuse and neglect 2. (of a person) shamefully negligent in not having done what one should have done
  311. derision
    contemptuous ridicule or mockery
  312. derivative
    (adj.) originating from, based on, or influenced by (n.) something that is based on another source
  313. derogatory
    showing a critical or disrespectful attitude
  314. desecrate
    treat (a sacred place or thing) with violent disrespect; violate
  315. desiccate
    remove the moisture from (something, esp. food), typically in order to preserve it
  316. desist
    cease; abstain
  317. despondent
    in low spirits from loss of hope or courage.
  318. despotic
    of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a despot or despotism; autocratic; tyrannical
  319. destitute
    without the basic necessities of life
  320. desultory
    1. lacking a plan, purpose, or enthusiasm 2. (of conversation or speech) going constantly from one subject to another in a halfhearted way; unfocused
  321. deter
    1. discourage (someone) from doing something, typically by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences 2. prevent the occurrence of
  322. detrimental
    tending to cause harm
  323. diaphanous
    1. (esp. of fabric) light, delicate, and translucent 2. delicately hazy.
  324. diatribe
    a forceful and bitter verbal attack against someone or something
  325. dichotomy
    a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different
  326. didactic
    1. intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive 2. in the manner of a teacher, particularly so as to treat someone in a patronizing way
  327. diffident
    modest or shy because of a lack of self-confidence
  328. diffuse
    (v.) spread or cause to spread over a wide area or among a large number of people (adj.) spread out over a large area; not concentrated
  329. dilate
    1. make or become wider, larger, or more open 2. speak or write at length on (a subject)
  330. dilatory
    slow to act intended to cause delay
  331. dilemma
    a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, esp. equally undesirable ones
  332. diminution
    1. a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something 2. (music) the shortening of the time values of notes in a melodic part.
  333. disabuse
    persuade (someone) that an idea or belief is mistaken
  334. disambiguate
    remove uncertainty of meaning from (an ambiguous sentence, phrase, or other linguistic unit).
  335. disarray
    a state of disorganization or untidiness
  336. discernment
    1. the ability to judge well 2. (in Christian contexts) perception in the absence of judgment with a view to obtaining spiritual direction and understanding
  337. disclaimer
    a statement that denies something, esp. responsibility
  338. disconcerting
    causing one to feel unsettled
  339. discordant
    1. disagreeing or incongruous. characterized by quarreling and conflict 2. (of sounds) harsh and jarring because of a lack of harmony
  340. discrepancy
    a lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts
  341. discrete
    individually separate and distinct
  342. discriminate
    recognize a distinction; differentiate
  343. disdain
    the feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one's consideration or respect; contempt
  344. disgruntle
    to put into a state of sulky dissatisfaction; make discontent.
  345. disinclination
    a reluctance or lack of enthusiasm
  346. disinformation
    false information that is intended to mislead, esp. propaganda issued by a government organization to a rival power or the media.
  347. disingenuous
    not candid or sincere, typically by pretending that one knows less about something than one really does.
  348. disinterested
    1. not influenced by considerations of personal advantage 2. having or feeling no interest in something
  349. dismal
    1. depressing; dreary 2. (informal) pitifully or disgracefully bad
  350. dismay
    (v.) cause (someone) to feel consternation and distress (n.) consternation and distress, typically that caused by something unexpected
  351. disparage
    regard or represent as being of little worth
  352. disparate
    essentially different in kind; not allowing comparison
  353. disparity
    a great difference
  354. dispassionate
    not influenced by strong emotion, and so able to be rational and impartial
  355. disperse
    distribute or spread over a wide area
  356. dispirit
    cause (someone) to lose enthusiasm or hope
  357. disproportionate
    too large or too small in comparison with something else
  358. disquiet
    a feeling of anxiety or worry
  359. dissemble
    conceal one's true motives, feelings, or beliefs
  360. disseminate
    spread or disperse (something, esp. information) widely
  361. dissent
    hold or express opinions that are at variance with those previously, commonly, or officially expressed
  362. disservice
    a harmful action
  363. dissident
    (n.) a person who opposes official policy, esp. that of an authoritarian state (adj.) in opposition to official policy
  364. dissipate
    1. disperse or scatter 2. (of a feeling or other intangible thing) disappear or be dispelled
  365. dissolution
    the closing down or dismissal of an assembly, partnership, or official body
  366. dissonance
    1. lack of harmony among musical notes 2. a tension or clash resulting from the combination of two disharmonious or unsuitable elements
  367. dissuade
    persuade (someone) not to take a particular course of action
  368. distend
    cause (something) to swell by stretching it from inside
  369. divergence
    1. he process or state of diverging 2. a difference or conflict in opinions, interests, wishes, etc.
  370. divest
    1. deprive (someone) of power, rights, or possessions 2. deprive (something) of a particular quality
  371. divulge
    make known (private or sensitive information)
  372. dogmatic
    inclined to lay down principles as incontrovertibly true
  373. dormant
    in a state of rest or inactivity; inoperative; in abeyance
  374. dross
    something regarded as worthless; rubbish
  375. dubious
    1. hesitating or doubting 2. not to be relied upon; suspect
  376. ductility
    1. able to be deformed without losing toughness; pliable, not brittle. 2. (of a person) docile or gullible.
  377. duplicity
    deceitfulness; double-dealing.
  378. duress
    threats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgment
  379. ebb
    1. move away from the land; recede 2. (of an emotion or quality) gradually lessen or reduce
  380. ebullient
    cheerful and full of energy
  381. eccentric
    (of a person or their behavior) unconventional and slightly strange
  382. echelon
    a level or rank in an organization, a profession, or society
  383. eclectic
    deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources
  384. edification
    the instruction or improvement of a person morally or intellectually
  385. edifice
    1. a building, esp. a large, imposing one. 2. (figurative) a complex system of beliefs
  386. effectual
    (typically of something inanimate or abstract) successful in producing a desired or intended result; effective
  387. effervescent
    1. (of a liquid) giving off bubbles; fizzy. 2. vivacious; gay; lively; sparkling.
  388. efficacious
    (typically of something inanimate or abstract) successful in producing a desired or intended result; effective
  389. efficacy
    the ability to produce a desired or intended result
  390. effluvium
    an unpleasant or harmful odor, secretion, or discharge
  391. effrontery
    insolent or impertinent behavior
  392. effulgent
    1. shining brightly; radiant. 2. (of a person or their expression) emanating joy or goodness.
  393. effusion
    an instance of giving off something such as a liquid, light, or smell
  394. egalitarian
    (adj.) of, relating to, or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities (n.) a person who advocates or supports such a principle.
  395. egregious
    outstandingly bad; shocking
  396. elaborate
    (adj.) 1. involving many carefully arranged parts or details; detailed and complicated in design and planning 2. (of an action) lengthy and exaggerated (v.) develop or present (a theory, policy, or system) in detail
  397. elation
    great happiness and exhilaration
  398. elicit
    evoke or draw out (a response, answer, or fact) from someone in reaction to one's own actions or questions
  399. elocution
    the skill of clear and expressive speech, esp. of distinct pronunciation and articulation.
  400. eloquence
    fluent or persuasive speaking or writing
  401. elucidate
    make (something) clear; explain
  402. elusive
    1. difficult to find, catch, or achieve 2. difficult to remember or recall
  403. emaciate
    make abnormally thin or weak, esp. because of illness or a lack of food
  404. emanate
    1. (of something abstract but perceptible) issue or spread out from (a source) 2. originate from; be produced by
  405. emancipate
    set free, esp. from legal, social, or political restrictions
  406. embellish
    make (something) more attractive by the addition of decorative details or features
  407. embody
    1. be an expression of or give a tangible or visible form to (an idea, quality, or feeling) 2. include or contain (something) as a constituent part
  408. embroil
    involve (someone) deeply in an argument, conflict, or difficult situation
  409. embryonic
    1. of or relating to an embryo. 2. (of a system, idea, or organization) in a rudimentary stage with potential for further development
  410. eminence
    fame or recognized superiority, esp. within a particular sphere or profession
  411. emollient
    1. having the quality of softening or soothing the skin 2. attempting to avoid confrontation or anger; soothing or calming
  412. empathy
    the ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
  413. empirical
    based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic
  414. emulate
    1. match or surpass (a person or achievement), typically by imitation 2. imitate
  415. encroach
    intrude on (a person's territory or a thing considered to be a right)
  416. endemic
    1. (of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area 2. (of a plant or animal) native or restricted to a certain country or area
  417. enervate
    (v.) cause (someone) to feel drained of energy or vitality; weaken. (adj.) lacking in energy or vitality
  418. enfranchise
    give the right to vote to
  419. engender
    cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition)
  420. enigma
    a person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand. • a riddle or paradox.
  421. enmity
    the state or feeling of being actively opposed or hostile to someone or something
  422. ennui
    a feeling of listlessness and dissatisfaction arising from a lack of occupation or excitement.
  423. ensue
    happen or occur afterward or as a result
  424. entail
    (v.) involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence (n.) a settlement of the inheritance of property over a number of generations so that it remains within a family or other group. • a property that is bequeathed under such conditions.
  425. entity
    1. a thing with distinct and independent existence 2. existence; being
  426. entreat
    ask someone earnestly or anxiously to do something
  427. enumerate
    mention (a number of things) one by one
  428. enunciate
    say or pronounce clearly
  429. envision
    imagine as a future possibility; visualize
  430. ephemeral
    lasting for a very short time
  431. epilogue
    a section or speech at the end of a book or play that serves as a comment on or a conclusion to what has happened.
  432. epistemology
    the theory of knowledge, esp. with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion.
  433. epitome
    ( the epitome of) a person or thing that is a perfect example of a particular quality or type
  434. equanimity
    mental calmness, composure, and evenness of temper, esp. in a difficult situation
  435. equipoise
    (n.) balance of forces or interests (v.) balance or counterbalance (something)
  436. equivocate
    use ambiguous language so as to conceal the truth or avoid committing oneself
  437. erratic
    1. not even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable 2. deviating from the normal or conventional in behavior or opinions
  438. erudite
    having or showing great knowledge or learning.
  439. eschew
    deliberately avoid using; abstain from
  440. esoteric
    intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest
  441. estrange
    cause (someone) to be no longer close or affectionate to someone; alienate
  442. ethereal
    extremely delicate and light in a way that seems too perfect for this world
  443. eulogy
    a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly, typically someone who has just died
  444. euphemism
    a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing
  445. euphoria
    a feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness
  446. evanescent
    soon passing out of sight, memory, or existence; quickly fading or disappearing
  447. evince
    1. reveal the presence of (a quality or feeling) 2. be evidence of; indicate
  448. eviscerate
    1. disembowel (a person or animal) 2. deprive (something) of its essential content
  449. evoke
    bring or recall to the conscious mind
  450. exacerbate
    make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse
  451. excise
    (n.) a tax levied on certain goods and commodities produced or sold within a country and on licenses granted for certain activities (v.) charge excise on (goods)
  452. excoriate
    1. censure or criticize severely 2. (in medicine) damage or remove part of the surface of (the skin)
  453. exculpate
    show or declare that (someone) is not guilty of wrongdoing
  454. exemplary
    serving as a desirable model; representing the best of its kind
  455. exemplify
    be a typical example of
  456. exhume
    dig out (something buried, esp. a corpse) from the ground.
  457. exigent
    pressing; demanding
  458. exonerate
    absolve (someone) from blame for a fault or wrongdoing, esp. after due consideration of the case
  459. exorbitant
    (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high
  460. expedient
    1. (of an action) convenient and practical, although possibly improper or immoral 2. (of an action) suitable or appropriate
  461. expiate
    atone for (guilt or sin)
  462. explicate
    analyze and develop (an idea or principle) in detail
  463. explicit
    1. stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt 2. describing or representing sexual activity in a graphic fashion
  464. exposition
    1. a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory 2. a large public exhibition of art or trade goods.
  465. expostulate
    express strong disapproval or disagreement
  466. expunge
    erase or remove completely (something unwanted or unpleasant)
  467. extant
    (esp. of a document) still in existence; surviving
  468. extenuate
    make (guilt or an offense) seem less serious or more forgivable
  469. extirpate
    root out and destroy completely
  470. extol
    praise enthusiastically
  471. extort
    obtain (something) by force, threats, or other unfair means
  472. extraneous
    irrelevant or unrelated to the subject being dealt with SYNONYMS: irrelevant, immaterial, beside the point, unrelated
  473. extrapolate
    extend the application of (a method or conclusion, esp. one based on statistics) to an unknown situation by assuming that existing trends will continue or similar methods will be applicable
  474. extricate
    free (someone or something) from a constraint or difficulty
  475. extrinsic
    not part of the essential nature of someone or something; coming or operating from outside
  476. facade
    1. the face of a building, esp. the principal front that looks onto a street or open space. 2. (figurative) an outward appearance that is maintained to conceal a less pleasant or creditable reality
  477. facet
    1. one side of something many-sided, esp. of a cut gem. 2. a particular aspect or feature of something
  478. facetious
    treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant.
  479. fallacy
    a mistaken belief, esp. one based on unsound argument
  480. fanatic
    a person filled with excessive and single-minded zeal, esp. for an extreme religious or political cause
  481. fastidious
    1. very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail 2. very concerned about matters of cleanliness
  482. fatuous
    silly and pointless
  483. fecund
    producing or capable of producing an abundance of offspring or new growth; fertile
  484. felicitous
    well chosen or suited to the circumstances • pleasing and fortunate
  485. fervent
    having or displaying a passionate intensity
  486. fester
    1. (of a wound or sore) become septic; suppurate 2. (of food or garbage) become rotten and offensive to the senses 3. become worse or more intense, esp. through long-term neglect or indifference
  487. fiat
    a formal authorization or proposition; a decree
  488. flagrant
    (of something considered wrong or immoral) conspicuously or obviously offensive
  489. fledgling
    1. a young bird that has just fledged. 2. a person or organization that is immature, inexperienced, or underdeveloped
  490. florid
    1. having a red or flushed complexion 2. elaborately or excessively intricate or complicated
  491. flourish
    1. (of a person, animal, or other living organism) grow or develop in a healthy or vigorous way, esp. as the result of a particularly favorable environment 2. wave (something) around to attract the attention of others
  492. flout
    openly disregard (a rule, law or convention)
  493. flux
    1. the action or process of flowing or flowing out 2. continuous change
  494. foment
    instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action)
  495. foray
    (n.) 1. a sudden attack or incursion into enemy territory, esp. to obtain something; a raid 2. an attempt to become involved in a new activity or sphere (v.) make or go on a foray
  496. forebode
    1. (of a situation or occurrence) act as a warning of (something bad) 2. have a presentiment of (something bad)
  497. forensic
    (adj.) of, relating to, or denoting the application of scientific methods and techniques to the investigation of crime (n.) scientific tests or techniques used in connection with the detection of crime.
  498. forestall
    1. prevent or obstruct (an anticipated event or action) by taking action ahead of time 2. act in advance of (someone) in order to prevent them from doing something
  499. fortuitous
    happening by accident or chance rather than design
  500. frenetic
    fast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way
  501. frivolous
    not having any serious purpose or value • (of a person) carefree and not serious.
  502. frugal
    sparing or economical with regard to money or food • simple and plain and costing little
  503. fruition
    the point at which a plan or project is realized
  504. fulminate
    express vehement protest
  505. fulsome
    1. complimentary or flattering to an excessive degree 2. of large size or quantity; generous or abundant
  506. furtive
    attempting to avoid notice or attention, typically because of guilt or a belief that discovery would lead to trouble; secretive • suggestive of guilty nervousness
  507. futile
    incapable of producing any useful result; pointless
  508. gainsay
    deny or contradict (a fact or statement) • speak against or oppose (someone).
  509. gambit
    1. (in chess) an opening in which a player makes a sacrifice, typically of a pawn, for the sake of some compensating advantage. 2. a device, action, or opening remark, typically one entailing a degree of risk, that is calculated to gain an advantage
  510. gamut
    the complete range or scope of something
  511. garble
    reproduce (a message, sound, or transmission) in a confused and distorted way
  512. garrulous
    excessively talkative, esp. on trivial matters
  513. genre
    a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter.
  514. germane
    relevant to a subject under consideration
  515. germinate
    1. (of a seed or spore) begin to grow and put out shoots after a period of dormancy. 2. come into existence and develop
  516. gratis
    without charge; free
  517. gratuitous
    1. uncalled for; lacking good reason; unwarranted 2. given or done free of charge
  518. grave
    (adj.) giving cause for alarm; serious • serious or solemn in manner or appearance; somber
  519. gregarious
    (of a person) fond of company; sociable (of animals) living in flocks or loosely organized communities (of plants) growing in open clusters or in pure associations.
  520. grovel
    1. lie or move abjectly on the ground with one's face downward 2. act in an obsequious manner in order to obtain someone's forgiveness or favor
  521. guile
    sly or cunning intelligence
  522. guise
    an external form, appearance, or manner of presentation, typically concealing the true nature of something
  523. gullible
    easily persuaded to believe something; credulous
  524. hackneyed
    (of a phrase or idea) lacking significance through having been overused; unoriginal and trite
  525. haphazard
    lacking any obvious principle of organization
  526. hapless
    (esp. of a person) unfortunate
  527. harbinger
    1. a person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another 2. a forerunner of something
  528. haughty
    arrogantly superior and disdainful
  529. hedonism
    the pursuit of pleasure; sensual self-indulgence.
  530. hegemony
    leadership or dominance, esp. by one country or social group over others
  531. heinous
    (of a person or wrongful act, esp. a crime) utterly odious or wicked
  532. heresy
    belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (esp. Christian) doctrine
  533. hermetic
    1. (of a seal or closure) complete and airtight 2. of or relating to an ancient occult tradition encompassing alchemy, astrology, and theosophy. • esoteric; cryptic
  534. heterodox
    not conforming with accepted or orthodox standards or beliefs
  535. heterogeneous
    diverse in character or content
  536. hiatus
    a pause or gap in a sequence, series, or process
  537. hindrance
    a thing that provides resistance, delay, or obstruction to something or someone
  538. homage
    special honor or respect shown publicly
  539. homogeneous
    of the same kind; alike
  540. hubris
    excessive pride or self-confidence.
  541. hyperbole
    exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
  542. hypocrite
    1. a person who pretends to have virtues, moral or religious beliefs, principles, etc., that he or she does not actually possess, esp. a person whose actions belie stated beliefs. 2. a person who feigns some desirable or publicly approved attitude, esp. one whose private life, opinions, or statements belie his or her public statements.
  543. hypothetical
    of, based on, or serving as a hypothesis
  544. iconoclast
    1. a person who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions. 2. a destroyer of images used in religious worship, in particular
  545. ideology
    the ideas and manner of thinking characteristic of a group, social class, or individual
  546. idiom
    a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words
  547. idiosyncrasy
    1. a mode of behavior or way of thought peculiar to an individual 2. a distinctive or peculiar feature or characteristic of a place or thing
  548. ignominious
    deserving or causing public disgrace or shame
  549. imbroglio
    an extremely confused, complicated, or embarrassing situation
  550. imbue
    inspire or permeate with a feeling or quality
  551. imminent
    about to happen
  552. immolate
    kill or offer as a sacrifice, esp. by burning.
  553. immutable
    unchanging over time or unable to be changed
  554. impeccable
    (of behavior, performance, or appearance) in accordance with the highest standards of propriety; faultless
  555. impecunious
    having little or no money
  556. impediment
    a hindrance or obstruction in doing something
  557. impervious
    1. not allowing fluid to pass through 2. unable to be affected by
  558. impetuous
    acting or done quickly and without thought or care • moving forcefully or rapidly
  559. implacable
    unable to be placated • relentless; unstoppable
  560. implicate
    1. show (someone) to be involved in a crime 2. convey (a meaning or intention) indirectly through what one says, rather than stating it explicitly; imply
  561. implicit
    1. implied though not plainly expressed 2. with no qualification or question; absolute
  562. implore
    beg someone earnestly or desperately to do something
  563. importunate
    persistent, esp. to the point of annoyance or intrusion
  564. imprecation
    a spoken curse
  565. impromptu
    done without being planned, organized, or rehearsed
  566. impugn
    dispute the truth, validity, or honesty of (a statement or motive); call into question
  567. impunity
    exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action
  568. inadvertent
    not resulting from or achieved through deliberate planning •(of a mistake) made through lack of care.
  569. inalienable
    unable to be taken away from or given away by the possessor
  570. inane
    silly; stupid
  571. inaugurate
    1. begin or introduce (a system, policy, or period) 2. admit (someone) formally to public office 3. mark the beginning or first public use of (an organization or project)
  572. incandescent
    1. emitting light as a result of being heated 2. extremely angry 3. of outstanding and exciting quality; brilliant
  573. incarcerate
    imprison confine (someone) in a particular place
  574. incendiary
    1. (of a device or attack) designed to cause fires 2. tending to stir up conflict 3. very exciting
  575. incense
    (n.) a gum, spice, or other substance that is burned for the sweet smell it produces. • the smoke or perfume of such a substance. (v.) to perfume with incense or a similar fragrance
  576. inception
    the establishment or starting point of an institution or activity
  577. incessant
    (of something regarded as unpleasant) continuing without pause or interruption
  578. incidental
    1. accompanying but not a major part of something 2. liable to happen as a consequence of (an activity)
  579. incipient
    in an initial stage; beginning to happen or develop • (of a person) developing into a specified type or role
  580. incisive
    (of a person or mental process) intelligently analytical and clear-thinking (of an account) accurate and sharply focused
  581. incite
    encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behavior) • urge or persuade (someone) to act in a violent or unlawful way
  582. incoherent
    (of spoken or written language) expressed in an incomprehensible or confusing way; unclear
  583. incongruous
    not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something
  584. incontrovertible
    not able to be denied or disputed
  585. incorrigible
    (of a person or their tendencies) not able to be corrected, improved, or reformed
  586. increment
    an increase or addition, esp. one of a series on a fixed scale • (Mathematics) a small positive or negative change in a variable quantity or function.
  587. inculcate
    instill (an attitude, idea, or habit) by persistent instruction
  588. incursion
    an invasion or attack, esp. a sudden or brief one
  589. indefatigable
    (of a person or their efforts) persisting tirelessly
  590. indelible
    not able to be forgotten or removed
  591. indict
    formally accuse or charge (someone) with a serious crime
  592. indigenous
    originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native
  593. indolent
    wanting to avoid activity or exertion; lazy.
  594. indomitable
    impossible to subdue or defeat
  595. induce
    1. succeed in persuading or influencing (someone) to do something 2. bring about or give rise to
  596. ineffable
    too great or extreme to be expressed or described in words
  597. ineluctable
    unable to be resisted or avoided; inescapable
  598. inert
    lacking the ability or strength to move • lacking vigor : an inert political system. • chemically inactive.
  599. inexorable
    impossible to stop or prevent
  600. infamous
    well known for some bad quality or deed
  601. infer
    deduce or conclude (information) from evidence and reasoning rather than from explicit statements USAGE There is a distinction in meaning between infer and imply. In the sentence: the speaker implied that the general had been a traitor, the word implied means that something in the speaker's words 'suggested' that this man was a traitor (although nothing so explicit was actually stated). However, in | we inferred from his words that the general had been a traitor, the word inferred means that something in the speaker's words enabled the listeners to 'deduce' that the man was a traitor. The two words infer and imply can describe the same event, but from different angles. Mistakes occur when infer is used to mean imply, as in | are you inferring that I'm a liar? (instead of | are you implying that I'm a liar?).
  602. infest
    (of insects or animals) be present (in a place or site) in large numbers, typically so as to cause damage or disease
  603. infiltrate
    enter or gain access to (an organization, place, etc.) surreptitiously and gradually, esp. in order to acquire secret information
  604. infrastructure
    the basic, underlying framework or features of a system or organization
  605. infringe
    1. actively break the terms of (a law, agreement, etc.) 2. act so as to limit or undermine (something); encroach on
  606. ingenuous
    (of a person or action) innocent and unsuspecting
  607. ingratiate
    bring oneself into favor with someone by flattering or trying to please them
  608. inherent
    existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute
  609. innate
    inborn; natural
  610. innocuous
    not harmful or offensive
  611. innuendo
    an allusive or oblique remark or hint, typically a suggestive or disparaging one
  612. insatiable
    (of an appetite or desire) impossible to satisfy
  613. inscrutable
    impossible to understand or interpret
  614. insidious
    1. intended to entrap or beguile 2. stealthily treacherous or deceitful 3. operating or proceeding in an inconspicuous or seemingly harmless way but actually with grave effect
  615. insipid
    1. lacking vigor or interest 2. lacking flavor
  616. insolvent
    unable to pay debts owed
  617. insouciance
    casual lack of concern; indifference
  618. instigate
    1. bring about or initiate (an action or event) 2. incite someone to do something, esp. something bad
  619. insular
    ignorant of or uninterested in cultures, ideas, or peoples outside one's own experience
  620. insurgent
    rising in active revolt
  621. integral
    necessary to make a whole complete; essential or fundamental
  622. intelligible
    able to be understood; comprehensible
  623. intemperate
    1. having or showing a lack of self-control; immoderate 2. given to or characterized by excessive indulgence, esp. in alcohol
  624. interim
    (n.) the intervening time (adj.) in or for the intervening period; provisional or temporary
  625. interloper
    a person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted or are considered not to belong.
  626. interlude
    1. an intervening period of time 2. something performed during a theater intermission
  627. intermittent
    occurring at irregular intervals; not continuous or steady
  628. intersperse
    scatter among or between other things; place here and there
  629. interstice
    an intervening space, esp. a very small one
  630. intervene
    come between so as to prevent or alter a result or course of events
  631. intractable
    hard to control or deal with
  632. intransigent
    unwilling or refusing to change one's views or to agree about something.
  633. intrepid
    fearless; adventurous (often used for rhetorical or humorous effect)
  634. intrinsic
    belonging naturally; essential
  635. introspective
    consider one's own internal state or feelings to look into or examine (one's own mind, feelings, etc.)
  636. inundate
    overwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with flood
  637. inure
    (usu. be inured to) accustom (someone) to something, esp. something unpleasant
  638. invective
    insulting, abusive, or highly critical language
  639. inveigh
    speak or write about (something) with great hostility
  640. inveterate
    having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change
  641. invidious
    (of an action or situation) likely to arouse or incur resentment or anger in others
  642. invincible
    too powerful to be defeated or overcome
  643. irascible
    easily made angry
  644. iridescent
    showing luminous colors that seem to change when seen from different angles.
  645. ironic
    happening in the opposite way to what is expected, and typically causing wry amusement because of this
  646. irresolute
    showing or feeling hesitancy; uncertain
  647. irreverent
    showing a lack of respect for people or things that are generally taken seriously
  648. juxtapose
    to place close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast.
  649. kindle
    1. light or set on fire. 2. arouse or inspire (an emotion or feeling)
  650. kinetic
    of, relating to, or resulting from motion.
  651. labyrinth
    a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one's way; a maze
  652. laconic
    (of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words
  653. lascivious
    (of a person, manner, or gesture) feeling or revealing an overt and often offensive sexual desire
  654. lassitude
    a state of physical or mental weariness; lack of energy
  655. latent
    (of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden; concealed
  656. latitude
    1. scope for freedom of action or thought 2. the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes
  657. laudatory
    (of speech or writing) expressing praise and commendation
  658. lavish
    1.sumptuously rich, elaborate, or luxurious 2. spent or given in profusion
  659. legacy
    1. a thing handed down by a predecessor 2. an amount of money or property left to someone in a will.
  660. legitimate
    conforming to the law or to rules
  661. lethargic
    affected by lethargy; sluggish and apathetic
  662. levity
    humor or frivolity, esp. the treatment of a serious matter with humor or in a manner lacking due respect
  663. liaison
    communication or cooperation that facilitates a close working relationship between people or organizations •a person who acts as a link to assist communication or cooperation between groups of people
  664. libel
    a published false statement that is damaging to a person's reputation; a written defamation
  665. licentious
    promiscuous and unprincipled in sexual matters.
  666. lionize
    give a lot of public attention and approval to (someone); treat as a celebrity
  667. litany
    1. a series of petitions for use in church services or processions, usually recited by the clergy and responded to in a recurring formula by the people. 2. a tedious recital or repetitive series
  668. litigate
    go to law; be a party to a lawsuit.
  669. livid
    furiously angry
  670. loath
    reluctant; unwilling
  671. loquacious
    talkative
  672. lucid
    1. expressed clearly; easy to understand 2. showing ability to think clearly, esp. in the intervals between periods of confusion or insanity : he has a few lucid moments every now and then. • Psychology (of a dream) experienced with the dreamer feeling awake, aware of dreaming, and able to control events consciously.
  673. ludicrous
    so foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing; ridiculous
  674. lugubrious
    looking or sounding sad and dismal
  675. luminous
    1. full of or shedding light; bright or shining, esp. in the dark 2. glowing with health, vigor, or a particular emotion
  676. luster
    1. a gentle sheen or soft glow, esp. that of a partly reflective surface 2. (figurative) glory or distinction
  677. magnanimous
    very generous or forgiving, esp. toward a rival or someone less powerful than oneself.
  678. malapropism
    the mistaken use of a word in place of a similar-sounding one, often with unintentionally amusing effect, as in, for example, “dance a flamingo ” (instead of flamenco).
  679. malevolent
    having or showing a wish to do evil to others
  680. malice
    the intention or desire to do evil; ill will
  681. malignant
    very virulent or infectious malevolent
  682. malleable
    1. able to be hammered or pressed permanently out of shape without breaking or cracking. 2. (figurative) easily influenced; pliable
  683. marginal
    1. of, relating to, or situated at the edge or margin of something. 2. of secondary or minor importance; not central
  684. meager
    (of something provided or available) lacking in quantity or quality
  685. meander
    (of a person) wander at random
  686. mediocrity
    the quality or state of being mediocre
  687. melee
    1. a confused fight, skirmish, or scuffle 2. a confused mass of people
  688. mellifluous
    (of a voice or words) sweet or musical; pleasant to hear
  689. menagerie
    1. a collection of wild animals kept in captivity for exhibition 2. (figurative) a strange or diverse collection of people or things
  690. mendicant
    given to begging.
  691. mentor
    an experienced and trusted adviser
  692. meretricious
    apparently attractive but having in reality no value or integrity
  693. metamorphosis
    a change of the form or nature of a thing or person into a completely different one, by natural or supernatural means
  694. metaphor
    1. a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable 2. a thing regarded as representative or symbolic of something else, esp. something abstract
  695. metaphysical
    transcending physical matter or the laws of nature
  696. meticulous
    showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise
  697. minion
    a follower or underling of a powerful person, esp. a servile or unimportant one. SYNONYMS: underling, henchman, flunky, lackey, hanger-on, follower, servant, hireling, vassal, stooge, toady, sycophant; informal yes-man, trained seal, bootlicker, brown-noser, suck-up.
  698. misanthropy
    a dislike of humankind.
  699. miserly
    pitiably small or inadequate
  700. misinformation
    false or inaccurate information, esp. that which is deliberately intended to deceive
  701. misogyny
    the hatred of women by men
  702. mitigate
    make less severe, serious, or painful
  703. mnemonic
    a device such as a pattern of letters, ideas, or associations that assists in remembering something.
  704. monolithic
    1. formed of a single large block of stone. 2. (of an organization or system) large, powerful, and intractably indivisible and uniform
  705. moratorium
    a temporary prohibition of an activity
  706. mordant
    (esp. of humor) having or showing a sharp or critical quality; biting
  707. morose
    sullen and ill-tempered.
  708. motile
    moving or capable of moving spontaneously
  709. multifarious
    having many varied parts or aspects
  710. multiplicity
    a large number
  711. mundane
    lacking interest or excitement; dull
  712. munificent
    (of a gift or sum of money) larger or more generous than is usual or necessary (of a person) very generous.
  713. nadir
    the lowest point in the fortunes of a person or organization SYNONYMS; lowest point, lowest level, all-time low, bottom, rock-bottom; informal pits. ANTONYM zenith.
  714. narcissism
    1. excessive or erotic interest in oneself and one's physical appearance. 2. (Psychology) extreme selfishness, with a grandiose view of one's own talents and a craving for admiration, as characterizing a personality type.
  715. nebulous
    in the form of a cloud or haze; hazy
  716. nefarious
    (typically of an action or activity) wicked or criminal
  717. nemesis
    1. the inescapable or implacable agent of someone's or something's downfall 2. a downfall caused by such an agent
  718. neophyte
    a person who is new to a subject, skill, or belief
  719. nexus
    a connection or series of connections linking two or more things
  720. noisome
    having an extremely offensive smell
  721. notorious
    famous or well known, typically for some bad quality or deed
  722. noxious
    harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant
  723. nullify
    1. make legally null and void; invalidate 2. make of no use or value; cancel out
  724. obdurate
    stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or course of action
  725. obfuscate
    render obscure, unclear, or unintelligible
  726. oblique
    neither parallel nor at a right angle to a specified or implied line; slanting
  727. obliterate
    1. destroy utterly; wipe out 2. cause to become invisible or indistinct; blot out
  728. obscure
    (adj.) not discovered or known about; uncertain • hard to make out or define; vague (v.) keep from being seen; conceal
  729. obsequious
    obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree
  730. obstinate
    stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or chosen course of action, despite attempts to persuade one to do so • (of an unwelcome phenomenon or situation) very difficult to change or overcome
  731. obstreperous
    noisy and difficult to control
  732. obtrusive
    noticeable or prominent in an unwelcome or intrusive way
  733. obtuse
    annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand
  734. obviate
    remove (a need or difficulty) • avoid; prevent
  735. occlude
    stop, close up, or obstruct (an opening, orifice, or passage)
  736. officious
    1. assertive of authority in an annoyingly domineering way, esp. with regard to petty or trivial matters 2. intrusively enthusiastic in offering help or advice; interfering
  737. ominous
    giving the impression that something bad or unpleasant is going to happen; threatening; inauspicious
  738. omniscient
    knowing everything
  739. onerous
    (of a task, duty, or responsibility) involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome
  740. ontology
    the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.
  741. opaque
    not able to be seen through; not transparent •[figurative] (esp. of language) hard or impossible to understand; unfathomable
  742. opprobrium
    harsh criticism or censure
  743. opulent
    ostentatiously rich and luxurious or lavish
  744. orthodox
    (of a person or their views, esp. religious or political ones, or other beliefs or practices) conforming to what is generally or traditionally accepted as right or true; established and approved (of a thing) of the ordinary or usual type; normal
  745. oscillate
    move or swing back and forth at a regular speed
  746. osmosis
    a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane. • figurative the process of gradual or unconscious assimilation of ideas, knowledge, etc.
  747. ossify
    turn into bone or bony tissue • [often as adj. ] ( ossified) figurative cease developing; be stagnant or rigid
  748. ostensibly
    apparently or purportedly, but perhaps not actually
  749. ostentatious
    characterized by vulgar or pretentious display; designed to impress or attract notice
  750. overwrought
    in a state of nervous excitement or anxiety
  751. oxymoron
    a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction
  752. pacify
    quell the anger, agitation, or excitement of
  753. paean
    a song of praise or triumph. • a thing that expresses enthusiastic praise
  754. palatable
    (of food or drink) pleasant to taste • (of an action or proposal) acceptable or satisfactory : a device that made increased taxation more palatable.
  755. palliate
    make (a disease or its symptoms) less severe or unpleasant without removing the cause • allay or moderate (fears or suspicions) • disguise the seriousness or gravity of (an offense)
  756. palpable
    able to be touched or felt • (esp. of a feeling or atmosphere) so intense as to be almost touched or felt • clear to the mind or plain to see
  757. pandemic
    (adj.) (of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world. (n.) an outbreak of such a disease
  758. panegyric
    a public speech or published text in praise of someone or something
  759. paradigm
    a typical example or pattern of something; a model • a worldview underlying the theories and methodology of a particular scientific subject
  760. paradox
    a statement or proposition that, despite sound (or apparently sound) reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory • a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true
  761. paragon
    a person or thing regarded as a perfect example of a particular quality • a person or thing viewed as a model of excellence • a perfect diamond of 100 carats or more.
  762. parameter
    a numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation • (in general use) a limit or boundary that defines the scope of a particular process or activity
  763. paranoia
    a mental condition characterized by delusions of persecution, unwarranted jealousy, or exaggerated self-importance, typically elaborated into an organized system. It may be an aspect of chronic personality disorder, of drug abuse, or of a serious condition such as schizophrenia in which the person loses touch with reality. • suspicion and mistrust of people or their actions without evidence or justification
  764. pariah
    an outcast
  765. parody
    an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect • an imitation or a version of something that falls far short of the real thing; a travesty
  766. parsimony
    extreme unwillingness to spend money or use resources
  767. partisan
    (n.) a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person. (adj.) prejudiced in favor of a particular cause
  768. pathology
    the science of the causes and effects of diseases, esp. the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes. • mental, social, or linguistic abnormality or malfunction
  769. pathos
    a quality that evokes pity or sadness
  770. paucity
    the presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts; scarcity
  771. pedagogy
    the method and practice of teaching, esp. as an academic subject or theoretical concept
  772. pedantic
    overly concerned with minute details or formalisms, esp. in teaching SYNONYMS: scrupulous, precise, exact, perfectionist, punctilious, meticulous, fussy, fastidious, finicky
  773. pedestrian
    a person walking along a road or in a developed area. lacking inspiration or excitement; dull
  774. pejorative
    expressing contempt or disapproval noun a word expressing contempt or disapproval.
  775. pellucid
    translucently clear • lucid in style or meaning; easily understood • (of music or other sound) clear and pure in tone
  776. penchant
    a strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something
  777. penury
    extreme poverty; destitution
  778. perfidious
    deceitful and untrustworthy
  779. perfunctory
    (of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection
  780. peripheral
    of secondary or minor importance; marginal
  781. permeate
    spread throughout (something); pervade
  782. pernicious
    having a harmful effect, esp. in a gradual or subtle way
  783. perpetrate
    carry out or commit (a harmful, illegal, or immoral action)
  784. perpetuate
    make (something, typically an undesirable situation or an unfounded belief) continue indefinitely
  785. perplex
    (of something complicated or unaccountable) cause (someone) to feel completely baffled
  786. perquisite
    • a thing regarded as a special right or privilege enjoyed as a result of one's position
  787. persevere
    continue in a course of action even in the face of difficulty or with little or no prospect of success
  788. perspicacious
    having a ready insight into and understanding of things
  789. pertinent
    relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite
  790. perturbation
    1. anxiety; mental uneasiness • a cause of such anxiety or uneasiness 2. a deviation of a system, moving object, or process from its regular or normal state of path, caused by an outside influence
  791. peruse
    read thoroughly or carefully
  792. pervade
    (esp. of a smell) spread through and be perceived in every part of • (of an influence, feeling, or quality) be present and apparent throughout
  793. pervasive
    (esp. of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people
  794. petulant
    (of a person or their manner) childishly sulky or bad-tempered
  795. philanthropist
    a person who seeks to promote the welfare of others, esp. by the generous donation of money to good causes.
  796. phlegmatic
    (of a person) having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition.
  797. piety
    the quality of being religious or reverent • the quality of being dutiful : filial piety. • a belief or point of view that is accepted with unthinking conventional reverence
  798. pillory
    (noun) a wooden framework with holes for the head and hands, in which an offender was imprisoned and exposed to public abuse. (verb) attack or ridicule publicly
  799. piquant
    having a pleasantly sharp taste or appetizing flavor. • pleasantly stimulating or exciting to the mind.
  800. pique
    (n.) a feeling of irritation or resentment resulting from a slight, esp. to one's pride (v.) stimulate (interest or curiosity) 2. feel irritated or resentful
  801. placate
    make (someone) less angry or hostile
  802. placebo
    a harmless pill, medicine, or procedure prescribed more for the psychological benefit to the patient than for any physiological effect • (figurative) a measure designed merely to calm or please someone.
  803. platitude
    a remark or statement, esp. one with a moral content, that has been used too often to be interesting or thoughtful : she began uttering liberal platitudes. • the quality of being dull, ordinary, or trite
  804. plausible
    (of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable • (of a person) skilled at producing persuasive arguments, esp. ones intended to deceive
  805. plethora
    an excess of (something)
  806. pliable
    easily bent; flexible • (figurative) easily influenced
  807. pluralism
    a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist. • a form of society in which the members of minority groups maintain their independent cultural traditions. • a political theory or system of power-sharing among a number of political parties. • a theory or system of devolution and autonomy for individual bodies in preference to monolithic state control. • Philosophy a theory or system that recognizes more than one ultimate principle
  808. polarize
    divide or cause to divide into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs
  809. polemic
    a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something
  810. ponderous
    slow and clumsy because of great weight • dull, laborious, or excessively solemn
  811. porous
    (of a rock or other material) having minute spaces or holes through which liquid or air may pass. • (figurative) not retentive or secure
  812. posthumous
    occurring, awarded, or appearing after the death of the originator • (of a child) born after the death of its father.
  813. postulate
    suggest or assume the existence, fact, or truth of (something) as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief
  814. pragmatic
    dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations
  815. precarious
    1. not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse 2. dependent on chance; uncertain
  816. precede
    come before (something) in time • come before in order or position
  817. precedent
    an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances
  818. precept
    a general rule intended to regulate behavior or thought
  819. precipitous
    dangerously high or steep • (of a change to a worse situation or condition) sudden and dramatic •(of an action) done suddenly and without careful consideration
  820. preclude
    prevent from happening; make impossible • ( preclude someone from) (of a situation or condition) prevent someone from doing something
  821. precocious
    (of a child) having developed certain abilities or proclivities at an earlier age than usual • (of behavior or ability) indicative of such development
  822. precursor
    a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner
  823. predecessor
    a person who held a job or office before the current holder • a thing that has been followed or replaced by another
  824. predilection
    a preference or special liking for something; a bias in favor of something
  825. predominant
    present as the strongest or main element • having or exerting control or power
  826. preemptive
    serving or intended to preempt or forestall something, esp. to prevent attack by disabling the enemy
  827. preponderance
    the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance
  828. prescient
    having or showing knowledge of events before they take place
  829. presumptuous
    (of a person or their behavior) failing to observe the limits of what is permitted or appropriate
  830. presuppose
    (of an action, process, or argument) require as a precondition of possibility or coherence • [with clause ] tacitly assume at the beginning of a line of argument or course of action that something is the case
  831. pretense
    an attempt to make something that is not the case appear true • a false display of feelings, attitudes, or intentions
  832. prevail
    prove more powerful than opposing forces; be victorious • be widespread in a particular area at a particular time; be current
  833. prevaricate
    speak or act in an evasive way
  834. proactive
    (of a person, policy, or action) creating or controlling a situation by causing something to happen rather than responding to it after it has happened
  835. probity
    the quality of having strong moral principles; honesty and decency
  836. proclivity
    a tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition toward a particular thing
  837. Procrustean
    (esp. of a framework or system) enforcing uniformity or conformity without regard to natural variation or individuality
  838. procure
    obtain (something), esp. with care or effort
  839. prodigal
    (adj.) spending money or resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant (n.) a person who spends money in a recklessly extravagant way.
  840. prodigious
    remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree
  841. profligate
    recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources • licentious; dissolute
  842. profuse
    (esp. of something offered or discharged) exuberantly plentiful; abundant
  843. proliferate
    increase rapidly in numbers; multiply
  844. prolific
    1. (of a plant, animal, or person) producing much fruit or foliage or many offspring • (of an artist, author, or composer) producing many works • (of a sports player) high-scoring 2. present in large numbers or quantities; plentiful
  845. prolix
    (of speech or writing) using or containing too many words; tediously lengthy
  846. promulgate
    promote or make widely known (an idea or cause)
  847. propagate
    1. spread and promote (an idea, theory, knowledge, etc.) widely 2. transmit (motion, light, sound, etc.) in a particular direction or through a medium
  848. propensity
    an inclination or natural tendency to behave in a particular way
  849. propinquity
    the state of being close to someone or something; proximity
  850. propitiate
    win or regain the favor of (a god, spirit, or person) by doing something that pleases them
  851. propitious
    giving or indicating a good chance of success; favorable
  852. propound
    put forward (an idea, theory, or point of view) for consideration by others
  853. prosaic
    having the style or diction of prose; lacking poetic beauty • commonplace; unromantic
  854. proscribe
    forbid, esp. by law • denounce or condemn
  855. protean
    tending or able to change frequently or easily • able to do many different things; versatile
  856. protocol
    the accepted or established code of procedure or behavior in any group, organization, or situation
  857. protrude
    extend beyond or above a surface
  858. provincial
    of or concerning the regions outside the capital city of a country • unsophisticated or narrow-minded, esp. when considered as typical of such regions.
  859. prowess
    skill or expertise in a particular activity or field
  860. proximity
    nearness in space, time, or relationship
  861. prudent
    acting with or showing care and thought for the future
  862. pundit
    an expert in a particular subject or field who is frequently called on to give opinions about it to the public
  863. pungent
    having a sharply strong taste or smell • (of comment, criticism, or humor) having a sharp and caustic quality.
  864. punitive
    inflicting or intended as punishment • (of a tax or other charge) extremely high
  865. purport
    appear or claim to be or do something, esp. falsely; profess
  866. putative
    generally considered or reputed to be
  867. qualm
    an uneasy feeling of doubt, worry, or fear, esp. about one's own conduct; a misgiving
  868. quandary
    a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation
  869. quasi- |ˈkwāˌzī|
    seemingly; apparently but not really
  870. quell
    put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force 2. suppress (a feeling, esp. an unpleasant one)
  871. querulous
    complaining in a petulant or whining manner
  872. quiescent
    in a state or period of inactivity or dormancy
  873. quintessential
    representing the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class
  874. quixotic
    exceedingly idealistic; unrealistic and impractical
  875. ramification
    a consequence of an action or event, esp. when complex or unwelcome
  876. rampant
    (esp. of something unwelcome or unpleasant) flourishing or spreading unchecked
  877. rapacious
    aggressively greedy or grasping
  878. rapport
    a close and harmonious relationship in which the people or groups concerned understand each other's feelings or ideas and communicate well
  879. rational
    based on or in accordance with reason or logic • (of a person) able to think clearly, sensibly, and logically
  880. rationale
    a set of reasons or a logical basis for a course of action or a particular belief
  881. raucous
    making or constituting a disturbingly harsh and loud noise
  882. rebuff
    reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner
  883. rebut
    claim or prove that (evidence or an accusation) is false
  884. recalcitrant
    having an obstinately uncooperative attitude toward authority or discipline
  885. recant
    say that one no longer holds an opinion or belief, esp. one considered heretical
  886. recidivist
    (n.) a convicted criminal who reoffends, esp. repeatedly (adj.) denoting such a person
  887. recluse
    a person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid other people.
  888. recondite
    (of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse
  889. rectify
    put (something) right; correct
  890. redress
    remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation)
  891. redundant
    no longer needed or useful; superfluous • (of words or data) able to be omitted without loss of meaning or function.
  892. refractory
    1. stubborn or unmanageable 2. resistant to a process or stimulus
  893. refute
    prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove
  894. relegate
    consign or dismiss to an inferior rank or position
  895. remuneration
    money paid for work or a service.
  896. rend
    tear (something) into two or more pieces • (poetic/literary) cause great emotional pain to (a person or their heart).
  897. renounce
    formally declare one's abandonment of (a claim, right, or possession)
  898. replete
    filled or well-supplied with something
  899. replicate
    make an exact copy of; reproduce
  900. reprehensible
    deserving censure or condemnation
  901. reprobate
    an unprincipled person (often used humorously or affectionately)
  902. repudiate
    refuse to accept or be associated with • deny the truth or validity of
  903. repugnant
    extremely distasteful; unacceptable • (repugnant to) in conflict with; incompatible with
  904. rescind
    revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement)
  905. residual
    remaining after the greater part or quantity has gone
  906. resilient
    (of a substance or object) able to recoil or spring back into shape after bending, stretching, or being compressed • (of a person or animal) able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions
  907. resolute
    admirably purposeful, determined, and unwavering
  908. respite
    a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant
  909. resplendent
    attractive and impressive through being richly colorful or sumptuous
  910. reticent
    not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily
  911. retract
    draw or pull (something) back or back in
  912. retrospect
    a survey or review of a past course of events or period of time •in retrospect when looking back on a past event or situation; with hindsight
  913. revamp
    give new and improved form, structure, or appearance to
  914. revulsion
    a sense of disgust and loathing
  915. rife
    (esp. of something undesirable or harmful) of common occurrence; widespread • ( rife with) full of
  916. rotund
    (of a person) plump • round or spherical : huge stoves held great rotund cauldrons. • figurative (of speech or literary style) indulging in grandiloquent expression.
  917. rubric
    a heading on a document. • a statement of purpose or function • a category
  918. rudimentary
    involving or limited to basic principles • of or relating to an immature, undeveloped, or basic form
  919. sacrilege
    violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred
  920. sagacious
    having or showing keen mental discernment and good judgment; shrewd
  921. salient
    most noticeable or important • prominent; conspicuous
  922. salutary
    (esp. with reference to something unwelcome or unpleasant) producing good effects; beneficial
  923. sanction
    1. a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule 2. official permission or approval for an action
  924. sanguine
    cheerfully optimistic
  925. satire
    the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. • a play, novel, film, or other work that uses satire
  926. saturnine
    (of a person or their manner) slow and gloomy
  927. savory
    1. (of food) belonging to the category that is salty or spicy rather than sweet. 2. [usu. with negative ] morally wholesome or acceptable : everyone knew it was a front for less savory operations.
  928. scant
    barely sufficient or adequate
  929. schism
    a split or division between strongly opposed sections or parties, caused by differences in opinion or belief
  930. scrupulous
    (of a person or process) diligent, thorough, and extremely attentive to details
  931. scrutiny
    critical observation or examination
  932. sedentary
    (of a person) tending to spend much time seated; somewhat inactive. • (of work or a way of life) characterized by much sitting and little physical exercise.
  933. sedulous
    (of a person or action) showing dedication and diligence
  934. seminal
    of a work, event, moment, or figure) strongly influencing later developments
  935. sententious
    given to moralizing in a pompous or affected manner
  936. sequester
    isolate or hide away (someone or something)
  937. serene
    calm, peaceful, and untroubled; tranquil
  938. serpentine
    • winding and twisting like a snake • complex, cunning, or treacherous
  939. servile
    having or showing an excessive willingness to serve or please others
  940. shard
    a piece of broken ceramic, metal, glass, or rock, typically having sharp edges
  941. simile
    a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid
  942. sinuous
    having many curves and turns : the river follows a sinuous trail through the forest. • lithe and supple : the sinuous grace of a cat.
  943. sloth
    reluctance to work or make an effort; laziness
  944. slough
    a swamp • (figurative) a situation characterized by lack of progress or activity : the economic slough of the interwar years. • a muddy side channel or inlet.
  945. solemn
    formal and dignified : a solemn procession. • not cheerful or smiling; serious • characterized by deep sincerity
  946. solicit
    ask for or try to obtain (something) from someone
  947. somber
    1. dark or dull in color or tone; gloomy 2. oppressively solemn or sober in mood; grave
  948. soporific
    tending to induce drowsiness or sleep
  949. spacious
    (esp. of a room or building) having ample space.
  950. spate
    a large number of similar things or events appearing or occurring in quick succession : a spate of attacks on travelers.
  951. specious
    superficially plausible, but actually wrong • misleading in appearance, esp. misleadingly attractive
  952. spectrum
    used to classify something, or suggest that it can be classified, in terms of its position on a scale between two extreme or opposite points : the left or the right of the political spectrum. • a wide range : self-help books are covering a broader and broader spectrum.
  953. splenetic
    bad-tempered; spiteful
  954. spontaneous
    performed or occurring as a result of a sudden inner impulse or inclination and without premeditation or external stimulus
  955. sporadic
    occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated
  956. spurious
    not being what it purports to be; false or fake • (of a line of reasoning) apparently but not actually valid
  957. squalid
    (of a place) extremely dirty and unpleasant, esp. as a result of poverty or neglect • showing or involving a contemptible lack of moral standards
  958. stagnant
    (of a body of water or the atmosphere of a confined space) having no current or flow and often having an unpleasant smell as a consequence • (figurative) showing no activity; dull and sluggish
  959. staid
    sedate, respectable, and unadventurous
  960. static
    lacking in movement, action, or change, esp. in a way viewed as undesirable or uninteresting
  961. stigma
    a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person
  962. stipulate
    demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of a bargain or agreement
  963. stoic
    a person who can endure pain or hardship without showing their feelings or complaining.
  964. stratagem
    a plan or scheme, esp. one used to outwit an opponent or achieve an end
  965. stratify
    arrange or classify
  966. stupor
    a state of near-unconsciousness or insensibility
  967. subjugate
    bring under domination or control, esp. by conquest
  968. subliminal
    (of a stimulus or mental process) below the threshold of sensation or consciousness; perceived by or affecting someone's mind without their being aware of it.
  969. subside
    1. become less intense, violent, or severe 2. (of water) go down to a lower or the normal level
  970. subsidize
    support (an organization or activity) financially • pay part of the cost of producing (something) to reduce prices for the buyer
  971. substantiate
    provide evidence to support or prove the truth of
  972. substantive
    having a firm basis in reality and therefore important, meaningful, or considerable
  973. subterfuge
    deceit used in order to achieve one's goal. • a statement or action resorted to in order to deceive.
  974. subtle
    (esp. of a change or distinction) so delicate or precise as to be difficult to analyze or describe
  975. succinct
    (esp. of something written or spoken) briefly and clearly expressed
  976. suffice
    be enough or adequate
  977. suffuse
    gradually spread through or over : her cheeks were suffused with color | the first half of the poem is suffused with idealism.
  978. sullen
    bad-tempered and sulky; gloomy
  979. sumptuous
    splendid and expensive-looking
  980. sunder
    split apart
  981. superficial
    existing or occurring at or on the surface • not having or showing any depth of character or understanding
  982. superfluous
    unnecessary, esp. through being more than enough
  983. superlative
    (adj.) of the highest quality or degree (n.) an exaggerated or hyperbolical expression of praise
  984. supersede
    take the place of (a person or thing previously in authority or use); supplant
  985. suppress
    forcibly put an end to • prevent the development, action, or expression of (a feeling, impulse, idea, etc.); restrain
  986. surfeit
    an excessive amount of something
  987. surmise
    suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it
  988. surreptitious
    kept secret, esp. because it would not be approved of
  989. susceptible
    likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing
  990. sycophant
    a person who acts obsequiously toward someone in order to gain advantage; a servile flatterer.
  991. synchronize
    cause to occur or operate at the same time or rate
  992. synopsis
    a brief summary or general survey of something • an outline of the plot of a book, play, movie, or episode of a television show.
  993. syntax
    the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language
  994. synthesis
    combination or composition, in particular • the combination of ideas to form a theory or system • the production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials
  995. systemic
    of or relating to a system, esp. as opposed to a particular part
  996. tacit
    understood or implied without being stated
  997. taciturn
    (of a person) reserved or uncommunicative in speech; saying little.
  998. tangential
    • diverging from a previous course or line; erratic : tangential thoughts. • hardly touching a matter; peripheral : the reforms were tangential to efforts to maintain a basic standard of life.
  999. tangible
    perceptible by touch • clear and definite; real
  1000. taut
    stretched or pulled tight; not slack : the fabric stays taut without adhesive. • (esp. of muscles or nerves) tense; not relaxed. • figurative (of writing, music, etc.) concise and controlled : a taut text of only a hundred and twenty pages.
  1001. tawdry
    showy but cheap and of poor quality • sordid or unpleasant
  1002. tedium
    the state of being tedious
  1003. teem
    (adj.) be full of or swarming with (v.) (of water, esp. rain) pour down; fall heavily
  1004. temerity
    excessive confidence or boldness; audacity
  1005. tenacious
    not readily letting go of, giving up, or separated from an object that one holds, a position, or a principle • not easily dispelled or discouraged; persisting in existence or in a course of action
  1006. tendentious
    expressing or intending to promote a particular cause or point of view, esp. a controversial one
  1007. tenuous
    very weak or slight • very slender or fine; insubstantial
  1008. tepid
    (esp. of a liquid) only slightly warm; lukewarm. • figurative showing little enthusiasm
  1009. terse
    sparing in the use of words; abrupt
  1010. timorous
    showing or suffering from nervousness, fear, or a lack of confidence
  1011. tirade
    a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation
  1012. torpid
    mentally or physically inactive; lethargic
  1013. tortuous
    full of twists and turns : • excessively lengthy and complex
  1014. tractable
    (of a person or animal) easy to control or influence • (of a situation or problem) easy to deal with
  1015. transcend
    be or go beyond the range or limits of (something abstract, typically a conceptual field or division) • surpass (a person or an achievement).
  1016. transient
    lasting only for a short time; impermanent
  1017. transitory
    not permanent
  1018. translucent
    (of a substance) allowing light, but not detailed images, to pass through; semitransparent
  1019. transparent
    (of a material or article) allowing light to pass through so that objects behind can be distinctly seen • having thoughts, feelings, or motives that are easily perceived
  1020. transpire
    occur; happen
  1021. trenchant
    vigorous or incisive in expression or style
  1022. trepidation
    a feeling of fear or agitation about something that may happen
  1023. truculent
    eager or quick to argue or fight; aggressively defiant
  1024. turbid
    (of a liquid) cloudy, opaque, or thick with suspended matter
  1025. turbulence
    violent or unsteady movement of air or water, or of some other fluid • (figurative) conflict; confusion
  1026. turgid
    swollen and distended or congested • (of language or style) tediously pompous or bombastic
  1027. turpitude
    depravity; wickedness
  1028. ubiquitous
    present, appearing, or found everywhere
  1029. ulterior
    existing beyond what is obvious or admitted; intentionally hidden
  1030. unilateral
    (of an action or decision) performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a particular situation, without the agreement of another or the others
  1031. unkempt
    (esp. of a person) having an untidy or disheveled appearance
  1032. unobtrusive
    not conspicuous or attracting attention
  1033. conspicuous
    standing out so as to be clearly visible
  1034. untoward
    unexpected and inappropriate or inconvenient
  1035. upbraid
    find fault with (someone); scold
  1036. Utopian
    modeled on or aiming for a state in which everything is perfect; idealistic
  1037. vacillate
    alternate or waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive
  1038. vacuous
    having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless
  1039. vapid
    offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging
  1040. vehement
    showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense
  1041. veneer
    (n.) an attractive appearance that covers or disguises someone or something's true nature or feelings : her veneer of composure cracked a little. (v.) cover or disguise (someone or something's true nature) with an attractive appearance.
  1042. venerate
    regard with great respect; revere
  1043. verdant
    (of countryside) green with grass or other rich vegetation. • of the bright green color of lush grass
  1044. verity
    a true principle or belief, esp. one of fundamental importance
  1045. viable
    capable of working successfully; feasible
  1046. vicarious
    experienced in the imagination through the feelings or actions of another person • acting or done for another : a vicarious atonement.
  1047. vilify
    speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner
  1048. virtuoso
    a person highly skilled in music or another artistic pursuit
  1049. virulent
    1. (of a disease or poison) extremely severe or harmful in its effects. 2. bitterly hostile
  1050. vituperation
    bitter and abusive language
  1051. vociferous
    (esp. of a person or speech) vehement or clamorous
  1052. volatile
    liable to change rapidly and unpredictably, esp. for the worse
  1053. voluble
    speaking or spoken incessantly and fluently
  1054. voracious
    wanting or devouring great quantities of food • having a very eager approach to an activity
  1055. warrant
    (v.) justify or necessitate (a certain course of action)
  1056. zeal
    great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective
  1057. gestalt
    an organized whole that is perceived as more than the sum of its parts.
  1058. salacious
    (of writing, pictures, or talk) treating sexual matters in an indecent way and typically conveying undue interest in or enjoyment of the subject • lustful; lecherous
  1059. denigrate
    criticize unfairly; disparage
  1060. accoutrement
    additional items of dress or equipment, or other items carried or worn by a person or used for a particular activity
  1061. ethos
    the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its beliefs and aspirations
  1062. cogent
    (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing
  1063. impetus
    the force or energy with which a body moves • the force that makes something happen or happen more quickly
  1064. exegete
    noun an expounder or textual interpreter, esp. of scripture. verb expound or interpret (a text, esp. scripture)
  1065. exegesis
    critical explanation or interpretation of a text, esp. of scripture
  1066. penitent
    feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong; repentant
  1067. reprobate
    noun an unprincipled person (often used humorously or affectionately). • archaic Christian Theology (esp. in Calvinism) a sinner who is not of the elect and is predestined to damnation. adjective unprincipled (often used as a humorous or affectionate reproach)
  1068. reticent
    not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily reticence noun reticently adverb
  1069. reticent
    not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily reticence noun reticently adverb
  1070. gravitas
    dignity, seriousness, or solemnity of manner
  1071. bravado
    a bold manner or a show of boldness intended to impress or intimidate. SYN: showing off
  1072. gravitas
    dignity, seriousness, or solemnity of manner
  1073. bravado
    a bold manner or a show of boldness intended to impress or intimidate. SYN: showing off

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