Hormones

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Author:
krazeycarl
ID:
224103
Filename:
Hormones
Updated:
2013-08-01 13:52:18
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Hormones
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Hormones
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  1. Human Growth Hormone
    origin
    cause
    target
    effect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • GH-Releasing Hormone from hypothalamus.
    • Nutritional state
    • All cells
    • Generalized growth of cells
  2. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone
    origin
    cause
    target
    effect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone (TRH) from the hypothalamus
    • Thyroid Gland
    • Stimulates thyroid gland to release it’s hormones
  3. Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) from hypothalamus
    • Gonads
    • Development of ovarian follicle, release of estrogens in females. Sperm production, testosterone production in males
  4. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) from hypothalamus
    • Gonads
    • Ovulation, estrogen release in females. Testosterone release in males
  5. Prolactin
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Prolactin-Releasing Hormone (PRH) from hypothalamus
    • Mammary Glands
    • Milk production
  6. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Carticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH) from hypothalamus. Stress related stimuli
    • Adrenal Cortex
    • Release of hormones from adrenal cortex causing relase of glucocorticoids
  7. Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Excessive levels of Corticotrophin-Releasing Hormone (CRH)
    • Melanocytes
    • unknown
  8. Oxytocin
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Hypothalamus in response to stretching of the uterine and vaginal wall. Stimulation of breasts
    • Utereus and Mammary Glands
    • Contraction of the uterine wall and milk ejection from mammary glands
  9. Antidiuretic Hormone
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Hypothalamus in response to changes in water concentration in body fluids
    • Kidneys
    • Causes kidneys to retain water
  10. Thyroxine
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Thyroid Gland
    • Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    • Cells throughout the body
    • Increases metabolic action of most cells
  11. Triiodothyronine
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Thyroid Gland
    • Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    • Cells throughout the body
    • Increases metabolic action of most cells
  12. Calcitonin
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Thyroid Gland
    • Blood calcium concentration
    • Osteoclasts
    • Inhibiting the action of osteoclasts increasing Ca++ in bone and decreasing Ca++ in blood
  13. Parathyroid Hormone
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Parathyroid Glands
    • Low concentration of calcium in blood
    • Osteoclasts
    • Osteoclasts release more calcium into the blood. Allows kidneys to release more phospates into urine.
  14. Glucagon
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pancreas
    • Low blood glucose concentration
    • Liver
    • Causes liver to release glucose
  15. Mineralocoticoids(ex: aldosterone)
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Adrenal Glands (Adrenal Cortex) 
    • Decrease in blood concentration of sodium ions or increase of potassium ions
    • Kidney 
    • Regulation of sodium and potassium by influencing kidneys function
  16. Glucocorticoids
    (ex: Cortisol)
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Adrenal Glands (Adrenal Cortex)
    • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
    • Muscle fibers, liver, adipose tissue, blood cells
    • Causes breakdown of proteins and fats, conversion of lactic acid to glucose for energy.
  17. Androgens
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Adrenal Glands (Adrenal Cortex)
    • ACTH
    • Gonads
    • Promotes libido in females, converts into estrogen, stimulates growth of axillary and pubic hair
  18. Epinephrine
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Adrenal Glands (Adrenal Medulla)
    • Sympathetic impulses from the hypothalamus in response to stress
    • Heart, blood vessels, lungs, skeletal muscles, liver
    • Produces fight or flight response increasing heart rate and BP
  19. Norepinephrine
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Adrenal Glands (Adrenal Medulla)
    • Sympathetic impulses from the hypothalamus in response to stress
    • Heart, blood vessels, lungs, skeletal muscles, liver
    • Produces fight or flight response increasing heart rate and BP
  20. Estrogen
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Ovaries
    • FSH and LH
    • Breasts, uterus, brain, bone, liver, heart
    • Regulates menstrual cycle, maintains pregnancy, prepares mammary glands for lactation, and maintains female sex characteristics
  21. Progesterone
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Ovaries
    • Corpus Luteum
    • Uterus, mammary glands
    • Maintains pregnancy, prepares mammary glands for lactation
  22. Relaxin
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Ovaries
    • Corpus Luteum
    • Ligaments in pelvic region
    • Relaxes ligaments for birth
  23. Testosterone
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Testes
    • FSH and LH
    • Entire body
    • Regulates production of semen, develops and maintains male sex characteristics
  24. Melatonin
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Pineal Glands
    • Light conditions outside the body (visual input from retinas)
    • Brain
    • Sets the body’s “biological clock”
  25. Thymosins
    origincausetargeteffect
    • Thymus 
    • no cause
    • Lymphocytes (T-Cells)
    • Affects production and differentiation of some lymphocytes affecting immunity

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