A&P9

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Author:
TheseFights
ID:
224115
Filename:
A&P9
Updated:
2013-06-16 22:32:43
Tags:
anatomy physiology
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Description:
Ch. 9
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  1. Joints can be classified structurally as
    Bony, synovial, cartilaginous, fibrous.
  2. A synovial joint is an example of a
    diarthrosis
  3. A slightly movable joint is a
    amphiarthrosis
  4. Joints in which the bones are closely fitted are
    strong joints with restricted movement
  5. An example of a synchondrosis is the articulation of the
    ribs with the sternum
  6. The intervertebral disc joint is called a
    symphysis
  7. Four major types of synarthrotic joints?
    Gomphosis, synchondrosis, suture, synostosis
  8. Bursae are found in all of the following areas, except
    around blood vessels
  9. The surface of articular cartilage is
    both slick and smooth
  10. Accessories synovial structure?
    Fat pads, tendons, menisci, bursae.
  11. Mike falls off his skateboard and sprains his ankle. What occurs with this type of accident?
    A ligament is stretched and collagen fibers in the ligament are damaged
  12. The joint between the forearm bones and the wrist is a
    condylar joint
  13. To pinch with a thumb and finger involves a movement called
    opposition
  14. A twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole of the foot outward is known as
    inversion
  15. Which type of joint is found between the carpal bones?
    gliding
  16. The elbow joint is an example of a ________ joint.
    hinge
  17. Which of the following joints is an example of a ball-and-socket joint?
    shoulder
  18. The joints between vertebrae are examples of ________ joints.
    gliding
  19. A herniated intervertebral disc is caused by
    protrusion of the nucleus pulposus
  20. The elbow joint is extremely stable because
    the ulna and humerus interlock
  21. Contraction of the muscle that is attached to the radial tuberosity results in
    flexion of the forearm
  22. What ligaments assist in stabilization of the shoulder joint?
    coracoacromial and coracoclavicular ligaments
  23. The ligament that provides support to the front of the knee joint is the ________ ligament.
    patellar
  24. The ligaments that limit the anterior-posterior movement of the femur and maintain the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles are the ________ ligaments.
    cruciate
  25. The structures that assist the bursae in reducing friction between the patella and other tissues are the
    fat pads
  26. The back of the knee joint is reinforced by ________ ligaments.
    popliteal
  27. Complete dislocation of the knee is rare because
    the knee contains seven major ligaments
  28. Receptors in the joint capsule provide information directly to the __________ system.
    nervous
  29. Which organ system interacts most extensively with the skeletal system?
    muscular system

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