Neuroanatomy LE 3.txt

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elvinlouie
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224122
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Neuroanatomy LE 3.txt
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2013-06-16 23:37:36
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    • author "Elvin Louie E. Lisondra"
    • tags "Neuroanatomy"
    • description ""
    • fileName "Neuroanatomy LE 3"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • Which of the following is NOT TRUE of the caudate circuit of a basal ganglia?
  1. a. Operates in the subconscious level.
    • b. Output goes to primary motor complex.
    • c. Responsible for the cognitive control of motor patterns.
    • d. Inputs come from the associated areas of the cerebral cortex.
    • b.
  2. Which of the following is an excitatory neurotransmitter?

    A. dopamine
    B. serotonin
    C. GABA
    D. glutamate
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Parkinsons's disease is characterized by the following EXCEPT:

    A. rigidity
    B. akinesia
    C. dementia
    D. involuntary tremors
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is TRUE regarding hypothalamic functions?

    A. supraoptic area - regulation of water intake
    B. preoptic area - body temperature regulation
    C. paravestibular nuclei - satiety center
    D. ventromedial nuclei - oxytocin
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. A lesion on the hippocampus would be manifested by which of the following?

    A. tonic clonic seizures
    B. incapable of forming short term memory
    C. incapable of consolidation of long term memory
    d. all of the above
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following is TRUE regarding reward and punishment centers?

    A. punishment and fear takes precedence over pleasure and reward
    B. stimulus that elicit sense of reward and punishment gets habituated
    C. amygdala and hippocampus are most potent punishment area
    D. strong stimulus of the lateral hypothalamus causes sense of reward
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following is NOT TRUE of parieto-occipital association area?

    A. posterior parietal cortex is responsible for analysis of spatial coordinates
    B. angular gyrus is the area for initial processing of visual language
    C. Broca's area provides the neuronal circuitry for word formation
    D. Wernicke's area is essential for language
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Lesion in the frontal lobe will result in the following except:

    A. perform motor function without purpose
    B. social response are inappropriate for occasion
    C. loss of ability to solve complex problems
    D. increased level of aggressiveness
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Habituation is caused by:

    A. lack of potassium conductance
    B. release of serotonin at synapse
    C. progressive closure of Ca+ channel
    d. all of the above
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Inability to recall memories is caused by damage in what area?

    A. hypothalamus
    B. amygdala
    C. thalamus
    D. hippocampus
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is TRUE regarding slow-wave sleep?

    A. dreams and nightmares can occur
    B. alpha waves are dominant in EEG
    C. brain metabolism is increased
    D. stage 4 is characterized by beta waves on EEG
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. What happens in REM sleep?

    A. occurs within an hour after going to sleep
    B. spinal muscle control is inhibited
    C. a state of "dreamless sleep" occurs
    D. person is difficult to arouse when stimulated
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which neurotransmitter is involved in the occurence of paradoxical sleep?

    A. muramyl peptide
    B. serotonin
    C. acetylcholine
    D. nonapeptide
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Sleep can be induced by:

    A. lesions in sleep promoting centers
    B. nonsynchronous electrical wave from the thalamocortical centers
    C. Inhibitory sensory signals from the posterior horn of the spinal cord
    D. administration of serotonin antagonist
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Sudden onset of REM sleep without prior slow wave sleep is characteristeic of which condition?

    A. narcolepsy
    B. somnambulism
    C. insomnia
    D. night terrors
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which best describes the primary motor cortex?

    A. complex pattern of movements are initially develop as "motor images"
    B. contractions elicited are more often bilateral
    C. excitation of a specific part excites a specific muscle
    D. majority concerned with control of muscle of the hand and for speech
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following refers to the fibers of the corticospinal tract?

    A. majority are of large myelinated fibers
    B. transmission of impulses pass from the motor complex to the spinal cord exclusively
    C. inhibition of adjacent cortical areas by the beta cells discriminate excitatory signals
    D. fibers that cross medulla are concerned with control of bilateral postural movement
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. As an alternative pathway, which is true regarding the red nucleus?

    A. works with cerebellum for initiation of muscles contraction
    B. destruction of fibers from its tract will result to loss of control of fingers and hands
    C. majority of its neurons sustain the force of contractions
    d. all of the above
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is/are involved with excitation of muscle groups to counteract antigravity?

    A. medullary reticular system
    B. both pontione reticular nuclei and vestibular nuclei
    C. pontione reticular nuclei
    D. vestibular nuclei
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Limbs in position when pushed sideways... (postural reflex) is controlled by:

    A. medulla
    B. spinal cord
    C. midbrain
    D. cerebral cortex
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A gyrus that connects adjacent gyri at the floor?

    A. arcuate gyrus
    B. uncinate gyrus
    C. annectant gyrus
    D. gyrus profundus
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The stellate cells are most numerous in what layer?

    A. layer III
    B. layer II
    C. layer V
    D. layer IV
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which of the following is an example of an archipallum?

    A. hippocampal formation
    B. olfactory cortex
    C. motor cortex
    D. visual cortex
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. These are fibers that provides connections between frontal and occipital lobes:

    A. projection fibers
    B. short association fibers
    C. long association fibers
    D. commissural fibers
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The following are seen if there is a lesion in the retrolenticular part of internal capsule, EXCEPT:

    A. hemiplegia
    B. hemianopsia
    C. hemianesthesia
    D. hemihyperacusis
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. A patient was asked to identify a brush by touching. Patient can feel but is unable to recognize the brush. Which of the following is the affected area?

    A. angular gyrus
    B. superior parietal lobule
    C. supramarginal gyrus
    D. postcentral gyrus
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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