lab 3 test
Card Set Information
lab 3 test
1.001 urine gravity means what?
that urine is very diluted
1.035 urine gravity means what?
testing negative for all substances means what?
normal urine test
positive for glucose and ketone bodies means?
abnormal urine test. likely to be diabetes mellitus
what doest testing positive for cast and calculi mean?
most like kidney stones
what does testing positive for microbes, rbc, wbc mean?
urinary tract infection
4.0 to 6.5 on pH scale means?
pH of 7.5 means?
what does specific urine gravity 1.001 mean?
low concentration of solutes
what does specific urine gravity of 1.04 mean?
very concentrated of solutes
what is a normal volume for creating urine in 24hrs
1-2 liters per 24 hrs
what determines the visual concentration of urine
clear colors means diluted, darker colors means concentrated
what will microbes, pus, epithelial cells, or crystals do to urine?
turn it cloudy
what is the normal pH range of urine?
what does glucosuria mean?
glucose in urine, possible caused by diabetes mellitus
what does hematuria mean?
RBC in urine, caused by inflammation of or damage to urinary system
what does pyuria mean?
wbc in urine, infection of kidney
what does albuminuria mean?
albumin in urine, caused by disease or kidney trauma
what does ketonuria mean?
ketone bodies in urine, caused by metabolic condition called ketosis. Ketosis is when fatty acids are not completely broken down do to lack of cards in diet
casts are hardened clumps of material formed by protein precipitation or cell agglutination
what are calculi?
calculi are insoluble salt crystals
what does microbes in the urine mean?>
presence of bacteria or other microorganisms. possible urinary tract infection
what is albumin in urine mean?
excess proteins in urine due to kidney disorder
where do ketone bodies come from?
ketone bodies are created when the body does not have enough cards and the body uses fat cells as fuel