Exam 4 Chapter 21

Card Set Information

Author:
Dario
ID:
224168
Filename:
Exam 4 Chapter 21
Updated:
2013-06-17 18:01:37
Tags:
Exam Chapter 21
Folders:

Description:
Exam 4 Chapter 21
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Dario on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Which of the following vessels carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body?
    A. the aorta
    B. the superior vena cava
    C. the inferior vena cava
    D. the pulmonary arteries
    E. capillaries
    A. the aorta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Whole blood with the formed elements and clotting proteins removed is called?
    A. plasma
    B. axenic
    C. lymph
    D. serum
    E. CSF
    D. serum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Blood is found in which of the following areas of the heart just before it is pumped into the lungs?
    A. the superior vena cava
    B. the left atrium
    C. the right atrium
    D. the left ventricle
    E. the right ventricle
    E. the right ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following types of bacterial toxins is associated exclusively with Gram-negative bacteria?
    A. cytotoxin
    B. neurotoxin
    C. both cytotoxin and neurotoxin
    D. both endotoxin and cytotoxin
    E. endotoxin
    E. endotoxin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Infection of the lymphatic vessels is known as
    A. petechiae
    B. bacteremia
    C. disseminated intravascular coagulation
    D. lymphangitis
    E. recurrent fever
    D. lymphangitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Toxic shock-like syndrome is associated with a. Streptococcus aureus
    b. Staphylococcus pyogenes
    c. Neisseria meningitidis
    d. Escherichia coli
    e. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    a. Streptococcus aureus
  7. A person is brought to the emergency room with constant high fever, extensive edema,low blood pressure, and petechiae. Which of the following may the person be suffering from?
    A. septicemia
    B. infectious mononucleosis
    C. plague
    D. brucellosis
    E. Lyme disease
    A. septicemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Disseminated intravascular coagulation is a complication of which of the following?
    A. endocarditis
    B. brucellosis
    C. septicemia
    D. malaria
    E. Lyme disease
    C. septicemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Vegetations are associated with which of the following disease processes?
    A. endocarditis
    B. plague
    C. septicemia
    D. tularemia
    E. toxoplasmosis
    A. endocarditis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Unprotected contact with the bodily fluids of an infected animal may result in
    A. Lyme disease
    B. toxoplasmosis
    C. blackwater fever
    D. African sleeping sickness
    E. brucellosis
    E. brucellosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The chief diagnostic sign of brucellosis is
    A. jaundice
    B. bulls eye rash
    C. fever which recurs at 24 hour intervals 
    D. fever which cycles every 72 hours
    E. petechiae
    C. fever which recurs at 24 hour intervals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12) Which of the following statements concerning Francisella is false?
    A. An attenuated vaccine is used for high-risk individuals 
    B. It resists phagocytosis
    C. Humans are its only known host
    D. It is extremely infectious
    E. It cannot be treated with penicillins or cephalosporins
    C. Humans are its only known host
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Francisella can be transmitted by all of the following EXCEPT
    A. consumption of infected meat
    B. aerosols produced
    C. a tick bite
    D. direct contact with an infected person
    E. direct contact with an infected animal
    D. direct contact with an infected person
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The causative agent of bubonic and pneumonic plague is
    A. Yersinia pestis
    B. Toxoplasma gondii
    C. Borrelia burgdorgeri
    D. Clostridium perfringens
    E. Francisella tularenis
    A. Yersinia pestis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is characteristic of Yersinia pestis infections?
    A. buboes
    B. arthritis
    C. jaundice
    D. petechiae
    E. a bulls eye rash
    A. buboes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following is a means by which Borrelia burgdorferi evades the body's defenses?
    A. It has manganese-containing enzymes
    B. It has a polysaccharide capsule and antiphagocytic proteins 
    C. It is capable of antigenic variation and has manganese-containing enzymes
    D. It has a polysaccharide capsule
    E. It is capable of antigenic variation
    C. It is capable of antigenic variation and has manganese-containing enzymes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. A bulls eye rash is associated with infections of which of the following?
    A. Yersinia pestis
    B. Epstein-Barr virus
    C. Borrelia burgdorferi
    D. Francisella tularensis
    E. dengue virus
    C. Borrelia burgdorferi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following diseases associated with Epstein-Barr virus is commonly seen in AIDS patients?
    A. oral hairy leukoplakia
    B. Burkitt's lymphoma
    C. infectious mononucleosis
    D. chronic fatigue syndrome
    E. Hodgkin's lymphoma
    A. oral hairy leukoplakia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Epstein-Carr virus infections are typically asymptomatic in which of the following groups?
    a. young adultsb. adults
    c. AIDS patients
    d. adolescents
    e. the elderly
    a. young adults
  20. "Black vomit" is associated with which of the following diseases?
    A. Chagas disease
    B. dengue fever
    C. yellow fever
    D. malaria
    E. schistosomiasis
    C. yellow fever
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Infection with which of the following species of Plasmodium is most likely to be fatal?
    A. P. malariae
    B. P. vivax
    C. P. ovale
    D. All of these can cause a fatal infection
    E. P falciparum
    E. P falciparum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Schizogony is an important aspect of which of the following diseases?
    A. Chagas disease
    B. schistosomiasis
    C. toxoplasmosis
    D. plague
    E. malaria
    E. malaria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is actually
    A. an immediate immune reaction to the initial infection with dengue virus
    B. a hyperimmune response to reinfection with dengue virus
    C. an autoimmune disease
    D. an antibody-antigen complex reaction
    E. the chronic carrier state associated with dengue virus infection
    B. a hyperimmune response to reinfection with dengue virus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. A young woman develops a fever after a recent trip to a Caribbean island. She also experiences severe headache and pain "in the bones". After a few days, she also develops a rash. Which of the following did she most likely contract?
    A. yellow fever virus
    B. dengue virus
    C. malaria
    D. Toxoplasma
    E. Chagas disease
    B. dengue virus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes?
    A. yellow fever
    B. both dengue fever and yellow fever
    C. malaria
    D. dengue fever, yellow fever, and malaria
    E. dengue fever
    B. both dengue fever and yellow fever
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following is known to be teratogenic?
    A. cytomegalovirus
    B. dengue virus
    C. Borrelia
    D. Epstein-Barr virus
    E. Plasmodium
    A. cytomegalovirus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. A large number of people experience a high fever with a rash during the summer months in a small country. Epidemiologists suspect an emerging disease. Both Aedes and Anopheles mosquitoes are endemic to the country. Researchers are able to detect +ssRNA in the blood of fever victims and in some mosquitoes. What type of pathogen might be responsible for the epidemic?
    A. plague bacteria
    B. a herpesvirus
    C. filovirus
    D. Plasmodium
    E. a flavivirus
    E. a flavivirus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is caused by which of the following virus types?
    A. flavivirus
    B. Epstein-Carr viruses
    C. herpesviruses
    D. filoviruses
    E. rhabdoviruses
    D. filoviruses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Trypanosoma cruzi is transmitted by which of the following?
    A. fleas
    B. Aedes mosquitoes
    C. Triatoma bugs
    D. sand flies
    E. Ixodes ticks
    C. Triatoma bugs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following is the infective form of Trypanosoma cruzi?
    A. amastigotes
    B. miricidia
    C. pseudocysts
    D. trypomastigotes
    E. epimastigotes
    D. trypomastigotes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Historically, physicians have used a procedure called xenodiagnosis to diagnose which of the following diseases?
    A. schistosomiasis
    B. toxoplasmosis
    C. Chagas disease
    D. yellow fever
    E. malaria
    C. Chagas disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following diseases is a major problem for AIDS patients?
    A. Chagas disease
    B. Lyme disease
    C. hemorrhagic fevers
    D. brucellosis
    E. toxoplasmosis
    E. toxoplasmosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following statements concerning Toxoplasma infection is correct?
    A. In most individuals, the infection results in lasting damage to the heart
    B. Freshwater snails are intermediate hosts
    C. It is a rare infection
    D. It is typically contracted by eating undercooked meat
    E. It is transmitted by biting insects
    D. It is typically contracted by eating undercooked meat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Microscopic identification of its spiny eggs is used in the diagnosis of infection caused by
    A. Trypanosoma
    B. Toxoplasma
    C. Plasmodium
    D. Borrelia
    E. Schistosoma
    E. Schistosoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Swimmers itch is an initial symptom of which of the following?
    A. tularemia
    B. schistosomiasis
    C. Chagas disease
    D. Lyme disease
    E. malaria
    B. schistosomiasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Another name for brucellosis is
    A. blackwater fever
    B. rabbit fever
    C. undulant fever
    D. snail fever
    E. Yellow fever
    C. undulant fever
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The normal host for Ebola viruses are probably?
    A. rodents
    B. birds 
    C. bats
    D. cats
    E. humans
    C. bats
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. An indication of infection with Human herpesvirus 4 is
    A. a bubo
    B. swimmers itch
    C. an ulcerating sore
    D. high fever and sore throat
    E. bulls eye rash
    D. high fever and sore throat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which of the following disease is currently vaccine-preventable in humans?
    A. yellow fever
    B. plague
    C. malaria
    D. schistosomiasis
    E. Lyme disease
    A. yellow fever
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. A young man is an avid outdoorsman goes to see his doctor complaining of fever with chills, headache, nausea, and diarrhea. Blood test show that he has low levels of leukocytes and platelets. He may have contracted
    A. ehrlichiosis
    B. tularemia
    C. Chagas disease
    D. brucellosis
    E. Lyme disease
    A. ehrlichiosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. A person reports to a clinic complaining of fever and abdominal pain. The abdomen is swollen, and blood tests indicate kidney damage. A stool sample is examined under a microscope and found to contain eggs with spine projecting from its surface. The indications are consistent with infection with 
    A. Anaplasma phagocytophilium
    B. Schistosoma mansoni
    C. Trypanosoma cruzi
    D. Toxoplasma gondii
    E. Plasmodium falciparum
    B. Schistosoma mansoni
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Patients with occult septicemia are asymptomatic
    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  43. Lipid A causes disseminated intravascular coagulation 
    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  44. Only adult ticks of the genus Ixodes may feed on humans
    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  45. Small doses of antimicrobial drugs are effective in treatment of late stages of Borrelia infection because the microbe is extremely susceptible.
    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  46. The terms bactermia and septicemia are synonymous
    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  47. Patients with occult septicemia are asymptomatic
    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  48. The three developmental stages of Ehrlichia are the elementary body, the initial body, and the morula
    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  49. Human herpesvirus 4 is better known as cytomegalovirus
    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  50. Neither bubonic nor pneumonic plague can be spread from person to person
    a. True
    b. False
    b. False

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview