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Culture and Face Recognition-Bias
- Same-race bias in the ability to
- recognize faces
- This bias may be due to attitudes toward people of same and other races, social orientation, task difficulty, experience, orienting strategies, different self-schemas, and different perception and classification of faces
- Person Perception: forming impressions of
- North American research suggests that people ascribe desirable personality traits to those who are good looking
- Physical attractiveness influences judgments of personality
- Attractive people are judged to be more competent and intelligent
Culture and Attractiveness
- The shape and distance of the eyes, symmetry, and overall facial proportion is universal—but other aspects such as the sizes of certain features, are culturally variant.
- How cultures attach meaning to attractive faces is also variant.
Culture and Mate selection
- According to Buss (1989), mate selection preferences are universal (due to different evolutionary selection pressures on males and females)
- Females prefer:Financial prospects, Industriousness, Ambition, Older age
- Males prefer: Youth, good looks, chastity
- Some differences:Compared to Americans and Russia, Japanese rated being kind, understanding, good conversationalist, physical attractiveness, and status as being less important in martial partner
- Compared to Israelis, American students rated status of partner, closeness, and similarity important in a partner
- stealing someone else’s mate
- Most common in Southern/Western/Eastern Europe, and South Africa
- In all countries, mate poachers were more extroverted, disagreeable, unconscientious, unfaithful, and erotophilic
- Cultures with more economic resources had
- higher rates of mate-poaching attempts; sex differences in mate poaching smaller in cultures that were more gender egalitarian
Culture and Sex
- Universality in norms regarding incest and adultery
- Cultural differences in importance of chastity in potential mates and homosexuality
- Cultures affect sex within marriage Cultures with fewer resources and stress have more insecure romantic attachments and higher fertility rates
- Jealousy is a universal response to infidelity
Groupings of Culture and Sex
Teen Permissives: Germany, Austria, Sweden, Slovenia.
- Sexual Conservatives: The US, Ireland, northern Ireland, Poland.
- Homosexual Permissives: Netherlands, Norway, Czech Republic, Canada, Spain.
- Moderates: Australia, UK, Hungary, Italy, Bulgaria, Russia, New Zealand, Israel.
- Japan and the Philippines did not match any of the groups, so they have unique attitudes.
Cultural frame switching
Biculturals have multiple cultural systems in their minds, and access one or the other depending on the context—especially language usage.
Cultural reaffirmation effect
Biculturals endorse even more traditional values associated with their native culture than native monocultural individuals in those native cultures