CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA

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Author:
Evy
ID:
224178
Filename:
CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA
Updated:
2013-06-17 17:03:26
Tags:
CRIMINAL JUSTICE
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Description:
Criminal justice class
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  1. What are the 3 goals of the criminal justice system?
    • 1. Doing Justice
    • 2. Controlling Crime
    • 3. Preventing Crime
  2. What are the two Justice Systems?
    • National System
    •          &
    • State System
  3. DHS
    Department of Homeland Security
  4. TSA
    Transportation Security Administration
  5. SYSTEM
    A complex whole consisting of interdependent parts whose actions are directed toward goals and are influenced by the environment within which they function.
  6. EXCHANGE
    • A mutual transfer of resources: a balance of benefits and deficits
    • that flow from behavior based on decisions about the values and costs of alternatives.
  7. PLEA BARGAIN
    A defendant's plea of guilty to a criminal charge with the reasonable expectation of receiving some consideration from the state for doing so, usually a reduction of the charge. The defendant's ultimate goal is a penalty lighter than the one formally warranted by the charged offense.
  8. DISCRETION
    The authority to make decisions w/out reference to specific rules or facts, using instead one's own judgement; allows for individualization and informality in the administration of justice.
  9. WHAT ARE THE MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM?
    • Discretion
    • Resource Dependence
    • Sequential Tasks
    • Filtering
  10. FILTERING PROCESS
    A screening operation; a process by which criminal justice officials screen out some cases while advancing others to the next level of decision making.
  11. DUAL COURT SYSTEM
    A system consisting of a separate judicial system for each state in addition to a national system. Each case is tried in court of the same jurisdiction as that of the law or laws broken.
  12. ADJUDICATION
    The process of determining whether the defendant is guilty.

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