CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA
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What are the 3 goals of the criminal justice system?
- 1. Doing Justice
- 2. Controlling Crime
- 3. Preventing Crime
What are the two Justice Systems?
- National System
- State System
Department of Homeland Security
Transportation Security Administration
A complex whole consisting of interdependent parts whose actions are directed toward goals and are influenced by the environment within which they function.
- A mutual transfer of resources: a balance of benefits and deficits
- that flow from behavior based on decisions about the values and costs of alternatives.
A defendant's plea of guilty to a criminal charge with the reasonable expectation of receiving some consideration from the state for doing so, usually a reduction of the charge. The defendant's ultimate goal is a penalty lighter than the one formally warranted by the charged offense.
The authority to make decisions w/out reference to specific rules or facts, using instead one's own judgement; allows for individualization and informality in the administration of justice.
WHAT ARE THE MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM?
- Resource Dependence
- Sequential Tasks
A screening operation; a process by which criminal justice officials screen out some cases while advancing others to the next level of decision making.
DUAL COURT SYSTEM
A system consisting of a separate judicial system for each state in addition to a national system. Each case is tried in court of the same jurisdiction as that of the law or laws broken.
The process of determining whether the defendant is guilty.
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