AT 102 Chapter 12

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itzlinds
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224194
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AT 102 Chapter 12
Updated:
2013-06-17 20:49:56
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102
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Chapter 12
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  1. a method of transportation for a mildly injured athlete;  support or assistance given to an athlete who is injured but able to walk:
    ambulatory aid
  2. stems from trauma in which there is blood loss:
    hypovolemic shock
  3. the inablililty of the heart to pump enough blood to the body:
    cardiogenic shock
  4. the best pulse is found here:
    carotid artery
  5. the residual pressure present in the arteries when the heart is between beats:
    diastolic pressure
  6. occurs when left ventricle contracts, thereby pumping blood; pressure when the heart pumps blood:
    systolic presssure
  7. reduction in the supply of oxygen:
    hypoxia
  8. used to move a mildly injured individual a greater distance than the person could walk with ease:
    manual conveyance
  9. occurs when a sever illness, such as diabetes, goes untreate:
    metabolic shock
  10. used to measure blood pressure:
    sphygmomanometer
  11. cerebrovascular accident
    stroke
  12. a state of insensiblity in which the athlet exhibits a lack of consicous awareness:
    unconsciousness
  13. identify causes that bring about a state of unconsciousness:
    • a blow to either the head or solar plexus
    • general shock
    • fainting (due to inadequate blood flow to the brain)
  14. determins the existence of potentiall life-threatening situaltions, including problems with level of consciousness, airway, breathing, ciruculation, sever bleeding and shock:
    primary injury assesment
  15. which method of opening the airway should be used to an athlete who has a susupected neck injury? why?
    • modified jaw thrust
    • reduce movement of the spine
  16. what are the basic steps in cardiopulmonary resuscitation:
    • establish unresponsivenes
    • open airway (head tilt chin lift)
    • give 2 resuce breaths
    • give 30 chest compressions
  17. what are the singns an individual might exhibits complete ariway obstruction:                           
    unable to speak, cough, or breath
  18. what would you do to an individual who exhibits complete airway obstruction:
    • lean victim forward, deliver 5 back blows
    • stand behind victim, both arms around the waist above belt line, allow upper trunk to hang forward,deliver 5 thrusts
  19. what can be a serious consequence that may result from an unsuccessfull finger sweep of a foreign object occuluding the airwar:
    the object can be driven deeper into the throat
  20. what are the three types of hemmorrhages:
    • 1. venous ( dark red, with continuous flow)
    • 2. capillary (exdudes from tissues, reddish color)
    • 3. arterial (flows in spurts, bright red)
  21. identify 4 conditions that may predispose an athlete to shock:
    • fatigue
    • extreme exposure to heat or cold
    • extreme dehydration of fluids/mineral loss
    • illness
  22. why is compression of an acute injury important:
    assists in decreasing hemorrhage and hematoma formation by reducing the space available for swelling to accumulate
  23. what are teh two important considerations one must keep in mind when splinting a fracture:
    • 1. splint from one joint above the fracture to one joint below the fracture
    • 2. splint where the patient lies (do not move patient)
  24. what is the most important principle when using a spine borad to transpot an individual with a suspected nect or spinal injruy:
    maintian the head and neck in alignment with the long axis of the body
  25. principles of on the field injruy assessment:
    • deteremine nature of injury
    • provide info regarding dirction of treatment
    • divide into primary and secondary survey
  26. describe the priciples of the primary survey:
    • life threatening injuries take precedents (requiring CPR, profuse bleeding and shock)
    • level of consciousness must also be assessed
  27. the athlete who is unconsincous and unable to describe the injury in terms of loss of sensation and potential injury should be treated as having:
    neck/spine injury
  28. external bleeding from skin wounds, abrasions, insisions, lacerations, punctures or avulsions should be treated with:
    • direct pressure: firm (hand/ sterial gauze)
    • elevation: reduces hydrostatic pressure, slows bleeding
    • pressure points:slows bleeding
  29. caused by general vessel dilation which does not allow typical 6 liters of blood to fill system, decrease oxygen transport:
    neurogenic shock
  30. syncope or fainting caused by temperoary dilation of vessels reducing blood flow to the brain:
    psychogenic shock
  31. describe the signs and symptoms of shock:
    • mosit, pale, cold, clammy skin
    • weak, rapid pulse,
    • increasing shallow respiration
    • decreased blood pressure
    • urinary retention and fecal incontience
    • irritablity or excitment, thirst
  32. how can state of consciousness be assessed using the AVPU scale:
    • A: alertness
    • V: Verbal (responding to voice)
    • P: pain (responds to painful stimulus)
    • U: unresponsive (no response to pain)
  33. describe the pricipals included in the secondary survey:
    • assesment of vital signs
    • state of consicouness
    • skin color
    • pupils
  34. how can state of consciousness be assessed using the ACDU scale:
    • A: alert
    • C: confused
    • D: drowsy
    • U: unresponsive
  35. skin color with elevated temp, heat stroke, or high blood pressure will be:
    red
  36. skin color with insufficeint circulation, shock, fright, hemorrhage, heat exhaustion or insulin shock will be:
    white
  37. skin with an airway obstruction or respiratory insufficiency will be:
    blue (cyanotic)
  38. with shock, skin around the mouth and nose will have a ____ cast and mouth and tongue will be ____
    • grayish
    • blueish
  39. durring hemorrhaging, mouth and tongue will become:
    gray
  40. ____________ pupils may indiciate use of a depressant drug
    constricted
  41. _________ pupils may indiciate head injry, shock, or use of stimulate:
    dilated
  42. pupil ______ is more important than size
    response
  43. describe the principals included in  a musculoskeleatal assessment:
    • history
    • visual observation (deformity, swelling, skin discoloration)
    • palpation: point of tenderness, affected structures
    • assessment decisions
    • immediate treament
  44. RICE
    • rest:
    • ice: 30 on 30 off
    • compression: ace wraps, foam
    • elevation

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