WH Finals

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emilygao
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224200
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WH Finals
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2013-06-17 20:58:02
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WH finals Review
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  1. James Watt
    Inventor of the steam engine
  2. Urbanization
    moving into the cities
  3. Social Darwinism
    Belief that the elite (wealthy and powerful)possess biological superiority
  4. Merger
    combination of 2 companies
  5. Factory
    A location of mass production
  6. Textiles
    clothes
  7. Karl Marx
    economist, philosopher, founder of Marxism and Scientific Socialism
  8. Marxism
    the belief that the proletariat would revolt and create a classless society in which all land and property belongs to the community as a whole
  9. Proletariat
    working class
  10. Internal Combustion Engine
    an engine that burns coal
  11. Steam Locomotive
    steam powered train
  12. Thomas Malthus
    predicted tat population would outgrow food supply
  13. tenements
    living space in cities
  14. Capitalism
    the belief that anyone can be an entrepreneur and private profits are allowed
  15. Utopian Socialists
    socialists who believed in creating utopia
  16. Mass Production
    Producing many goods in short amount of time
  17. Socialism
    belief that working class will dominate society
  18. Enclosure
    farms merged into one property with many workers
  19. Utilitarians
    people who believed in the greater good for the greater amount of people
  20. Adam Smith
    inventor of laissez-faire, Invisible Hand, known as Father of Economics
  21. Laissez-faire
    free economy, no government interference
  22. Robert Owen
    founder of utopian socialism
  23. Jeremy Bentham
    founder of Utilitarism
  24. David Ricardo
    developed "Iron Law of Wages"
  25. Charles Darwin
    Natural Selection, Darwinism
  26. labor unions
    workers' organizations
  27. Interchangeable parts
    identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufacturing
  28. corporation
    partnership
  29. Cartel
    a combination/trust of businesses
  30. Monopoly
    one company dominating an area of economy
  31. stock
    shares in a company
  32. Joint-stock Company
    private trading company in which shares are sold to investors to finance businesses
  33. Enclosure
    process where small farms were merged into larger ones and common lands were purchase by wealthy landowners
  34. Where did the Industrial Revolution begin and why?
    Great Britain because it had a lot of resources, people and had the agricultural revolution
  35. How were factories powered?
    First by water and then coal
  36. How are socialism, communism, and capitalism different?
    Socialism and communism believed in no private ownership while capitalism did
  37. Who liked the ideas of Karl Marx and why?
    Communists because communism believed in a "classless" system where no one was rich or poor, all property owned by community as a whole
  38. Congress of Vienna
    A victory for conservative forces such as monarchs and officials
  39. Metternich
    dominated Austrian politics for more than 30 years
  40. Conservatives
    Supported political and social order before the French Revolution
  41. Nationalists
    People with common heritage should create their own homeland
  42. Liberals
    Wanted governments to be based on written constitutions and separations of power
  43. Otto Von Bismark
    "Iron Chancellor", created imperial state in Germany, practiced realpolitik
  44. Realpolitik
    Realistic policies based on the needs of the state
  45. Franco-Prussian War
    a struggle over trying to convince southern German states to join Prussia and German union
  46. Pension
    A fixed sum of money given to a retired employee regularly
  47. King Victor Emmanuel
    In 1861 crowned king of Italy
  48. Kaiser Willhelm I
    First Kaiser of Second Reich
  49. Nationalism
    pride in one's nation
  50. Meiji Restoration
    The time period of Japanese modernization
  51. Commodore Matthew Perry
    Commanded American fleets that opened Japan
  52. Count Cavour
    monarchist, practiced realpolitik, wanted to end Austrian power in Italy
  53. Kulturekampf
    Bismark's battle to make Catholics more loyal to the state
  54. Simon Bolivar
    leader in Spain's Latin American colonies' battle for independence
  55. Creole
    American-born descendent of Spanish settlers
  56. Haiti
    France's most valued colony in the 1700's
  57. Toussaint L'Ouverture
    self-educated slave who led the slave revolts in Haiti
  58. What changes resulted from the Revolutions of 1848 in France, Austria, and the German states
    None really, rebellion faded, uprisings failed, conservative system remained
  59. Compare German and Italian unification
    Nationalism spurred, Cavour and Bismark practiced realpolitik, made geographic sense
  60. imperialism
    domination by one country of the political, economic or cultural life of another country
  61. Protectorate
    country with its own government but under the control of an outside power
  62. Extraterritoriality
    right of foreigners to be protected by the laws of their own nation
  63. Sepoy Rebellion
    Indian soldiers rose up against their British officers
  64. Scramble for Africa
    ignited by Leopold 2, scramble to claim parts of Africa
  65. direct rule
    sending officials and soldiers from the ruling country directly
  66. Indirect rule
    the use of local leaders to govern
  67. colony

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