Mastering Healthcare Terminology - Betsy J. Shiland

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Mastering Healthcare Terminology - Betsy J. Shiland
2013-06-18 00:52:34
Chapter Non decodable terms

Nondecodable Terms
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  1. Cataract
    From the Greek term meaning "waterfall."   In healthcare language, this means progressive opacification of the lens.
  2. Asthma
    From the Greek term meaning "painting".  Although this word orgin is understandable, the definition is a respiratory disorder characterized by recurring episodes of paroxysmal dyspnea (difficulty breathing).
  3. Diagnosis: The disease or condition that is named aft
    The disease or condition that is named after a healthcare professional evaluates a patient's signs, symptoms, and history.
  4. Prognosis
    A prediction of the probably outcome of a disease or disorder.
  5. Sequela
    A condition that results from an injury or disease.
  6. Acute
    A term that describes an abrupt, severe onset to a disease.
  7. Chronic
    Developing slowly and lasting for a long time.
  8. Sign
    An objective finding of a disease state.  (e.g. fever, high blood presssure, rash)
  9. Symptom
    A subjective report of a disease (pain, itching)
  10. Eponyms
    Terms that are named after a person or place associated with the term.
  11. Alzheimer disease
    Named after Alois Alzheimer, a German neurologyist.   The disease is a progressive mental deterioration.
  12. Achilles tendon
    A body part named after a figure in Greek mythology whose one weak spot was this area of his anatomy.  Tendons are bands of tissue that attach muscles to bone.  The Ahilles tendon is the particular tendon that attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone (calcaneus).
  13. Simple abbreviations
    • A combination of letters (often, but not always the first of significant word parts) and sometimes numbers.
    • - IM: abbreviation for "intramuscular"
    • - C2: second cerical vertebra ( second bone in nectk)
  14. Acronyms
    • Abbreviations that are also pronounceable
    • - CABG: coronary artery bypass graft (a detour around a blockage in an artery of the heart)
    • - TURP: transurethral resection of the prostate through the urethra)
  15. Symbols: Graphic representation of terms
    • ♀ stands for female
    • ♂ stands for male
    • ↑  stands for increase

    • -  stands for absent
    • + stands for present