Biology Lab Practical 2

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Biology Lab Practical 2
2013-06-20 00:10:55
bio lab prac

review for biology lab practical #2
Show Answers:

  1. The Kingdom Fungi include both _____ & _____ organisms.
    A. multicellular & asexual
    B. hyphae & chitin
    C. multicellular & unicellular
    D. unicellular & sporangium
    C. multicellular & unicellular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The important roles that the Kingdom Fungi participate with are _____ & ______.
    A. disease causing & medicine
    B. cell walls & lichens
    C. decomposition & medicine
    D. absorption & reproduction
    C. decomposition & medicine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The fungi can be ______ or disease causing.
    A. sexual
    B. chitin
    C. pathogenic
    D. zygomycetes
    C. pathogenic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. All fungi in the kingdom possess cell walls of _____.
    A. sporangium
    B. lichens
    C. spores
    D. chitin
    D. chitin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The Kingdom Fungi possess ____ with function in _______ & _______.
    A. hyphae, absorption, reproduction
    B. hyphae, algea, angiosperms
    C. basidia, hyphae, gills
    D. lichens, reproduction, roots
    A. hyphae, absorption, reproduction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

  6. The picture above is an example of ______.
    Absorptive hyphae
  7. The 3 kinds of Fungi are what?
    A. Ascomycetes, Zygomycetes, Basidomycetes
    B. Yeast, Lichens, Spores
    C. Lichens, Liverworts, Basidomycetes
    D. Mushrooms, Ascocarp, Basidomycetes
    A. Ascomycetes, Zygomycetes, Basidomycetes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

  8. The figure above is of a _________ & is  ________.
    Zygomycetes, asexual
  9. Zygomycetes can reproduce both _____ & ____.
    A. sexually & asexually
    B. sexually & zygosporangium
    C. hyphae & asexually
    D. fruiting bodies & spores
    A. sexually & asexually
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The structures to know on the zygomycetes the _______ w/ spores (produced via mitosis) and the _______ (stick-like things).
    A. ascocarps, lichens
    B. basidia, asci
    C. sporangium, hyphae
    D. spores, zygomycetes
    C. sporangium, hyphae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Sexual reproduction in a zygomycetes happens via ______.
    A. zygosporangium
    B. hyphae
    C. fruiting bodies
    D. meiosis
    D. meiosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
    The image is of a ________ (________).
    A. zygomycetes, sexual
    B. Biomycetes, ascomycetes
    C. fruiting bodies, haploid
    D. ascocarp, sexual
    A. zygomycetes, sexual
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13.  In the above image, the blue connected to the black circle is the _____ (each one is haploid - n) and the black circle is the _____ (formed from 2 haploid hyphae (n+n = 2n)) _________ is diploid (2n); will undergo meiosis to produce haploid spores)
    hyphae, zygosporangium, zygosporangium
  14. Ascomycetes includes all of the following fungus except:
    A. morels (an edible mushroom)
    B. bread molds
    C. unicellular yeast
    D. cup fungi
    E. molds
    B. bread molds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Zygomycetes fungus are:
    A. cup fungi
    B. bread molds
    C. shelf fungi
    D. All of the above
    B. bread molds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Basidiomycetes fungi include all of the following except:
    A. mushroom-producing fungi
    B. molds
    C. Shelf fungi
    D. smuts & rusts
    E. puffballs
    F. morels
    F. morels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The three major functions of the ascomycetes are __1___ (fruiting body), __2___ (finger-like things which produce the ____3___ (the dark spots at the end of __2___). Fill in the blanks with the correct terms.
    A. 1-gill, 2- spores, 3- basidocarp
    B. 1-ascocarp, 2-asci, 3- spores
    C. 1-fungi, 2-asci, 3-gill
    B. 1-ascocarp, 2-asci, 3- spores
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18.  Starting from the top of the image, the dark blue represents the ____, the regular blue represents the ______, and the sponge-like section at the bottom is the _______.
    A. gill; ascocarp; basidia
    B. spores, asci, ascocarp
    C. frond, rhizome, roots
    B. spores, asci, ascocarp
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Basidiomycetes have club-shaped reproductive structures called _____.
  20. This is a picture of a close up of the edge of a _______/_______. The pinkish oval at the top is the _______/ __________ and the blue part with what looks like a face on it is the ______.
    gill/ basidiocarp; spores/basidiospores; basidia;
  21. ________ lives symbiotically in a mass of fungal hyphae, and encrust rocks or trees.
  22. _______/_______ are named because they produce an embryo and evolved from aquatic green algae. The embryo itself is an adaptation that allowed plants to reproduce out of water and colonize the land.
    Land plants or embryophytes
  23. _______ are a group of embryophytes that have a vascular tissue to efficiently transport fluids throughout the plant. This adaptation allows these plants to grow larger because fluids can be lifted to great heights via the vascular tissue.
    Vascular plants
  24. _______ are a group of vascular plants that produce _____ (which contain embryo), have pollen as the male gametophyte, and sperm delivery via a pollen tube--all adaptations that allow for survival, reproduction, and dispersal in dry environments.
    Seed plants; seeds
  25. ______ are seed plants that produce flowers and fruits--adaptations that allow for efficient pollination and seed dispersal.
  26. ______ lack flowers and fruits.
  27. What does a phylogenetic tree illustrate?
    the relationship between organisms
  28. Bryophytes, such as liverworts & mosses are land plants that lack a well-organized _______ ______.
    vascular system
  29. _______ are restricted to moist environments and do not grow more than a few centimeters tall.
  30. ________ are nonvascular, seedless plants that are small and restricted to watery environments. They have thin cell walls and their lifecycle is dominated by gametophyte generation (N). It has two important structures: ________ - undifferentiated vegetative tissue and _______ - root-like structures that anchor the plant & have absorptive role.
    Bryophytes; Thallus; Rhizoids
  31. ______ and relatives are vascular, seedless plants. Their lifecycle is dominated by the Sporophyte Generation (2N). They produce swimming sperm but they are consequently restricted to very humid, very moist environments.
  32. The top of this image is representing the _______ and the root-like objects attached to the above part of the image are the _______. 
    thallus; rhizoids
  33. The structures of the fern that you should know are:
    A. frond, thallus, rhizome
    B. frond, rhizome, roots
    C. frond, rhizoids, thallus
    B. frond, rhizome, roots
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. ______ or naked seed plants; represented by Conifers -- Fir, Pine, Cedar, Juniper, etc. Their leaves are modified into needles or scales.
  35. ______, or seed in a vessel plants: aka the flowering, fruiting plants; represents the majority of plant diversity.
  36. The 2 kinds of angiosperms are _____ (1 cotyledon) and ______ (2 cotyledons).
    monocots; eudicot
  37. Bryophytes are _______ & _______.
    Mosses and liverworts
  38. _____ are land plants which lack a well-organized vascular system and thick cell wall. This restricts them to a small size and moist environments. The basic parts include the thallus and rhizoids. Thallus: the undifferentiated vegative tissue which serves similar functions as the basic plant. Rhizoids are root-like structures which anchor the plant in place.
  39. _____ & _____ were the first group of plants to have a well developed vascular system. Thiss allowed them to move farther inland. ____ still rely on water for reproduction, so they are still restricted to moist, humid environments.
    Ferns & Kin; Ferns
  40.  The leaf on the fern above is the ____ or the sporophyte
  41. The black dots on the leaf are the _____ which are reproductive structures which produce spores
  42. ______ & ______ produce pollen containing sperm that is transported to the egg, reproduce in dry environments.
    gymnosperms and angiosperms
  43. ________ have all of the characteristics that bryophytes and ferns have, but they also have seeds, pollen as the male gametophyte, sperm deliverd via a pollen tube, stems with secondary growth, and these characteristics allow ____ to move far away from water and inhabit most regions of the earth.
  44.  This image is an example of a ________. It's leaves are represented as needles and has advantages like temperature control, restricted water loss, and longer exposure
  45. This is an example of a ____ with leaves like _____. It has advantages that are temperature control, restricted water loss, and longer exposure
    gymnosperms; scales
  46. _______ produce flowers and fruits, and are the majority of plant diversity. They have two groups: _______ -one cotelydon and _____- two cotelydon.
    Angiosperms; monocots; eudicots;
  47. This would be an example of a _____.
  48. ______ can be composed of: apical meristem and lateral meristem.
  49. _______ are areas at the tips of stems where cells are dividing by the process of mitosis causing the plant to get taller (primary growth)
    Apical Meristem
  50. ______ are areas in the stem where cell are dividing by the process of mitosis causing the plant to get wider (secondary growth)
    Lateral Meristem
  51. _______ have parallel venation.
  52. ______ can only have parallel venation
  53. ______ have netted venation
  54. The ______ function is to support leaves & flowers, transport water & mineral nutrients from the soil to the plant, and transport sugar from leaves to plant.
  55. One characteristic of the Kingdom Fungi is they have a cell wall composed of ______
  56. Multicellular fungi consist mostly of threadlike filaments called ________, that extends into food sources.
  57. Reproductive hyphae produce _____ for reproduction and dispersal.
  58. Name an example from the group of zygomycetes
    bread molds
  59. Most fungi can reproduce _______.
    asexually and sexually
  60. For asexual reproduction, spores are produced via ____.
  61. ______ are typically found encrusting rocks and tree branches
  62. _____ refers to the chemical reactions that occur in leaves.
  63. Evaporation of water from the leaves of plants is called _____.
  64. Name the type of plants that produce flowers and fruit.
    angiosperms, eudicot monocots
  65. Which is a type of non-vascular seedless plant (bryophyte)?
    A. fern & kin
    B. liverwort & moss
    C. Eudicot & monocot
    D. angiosperms & gymnosperms
    B. liverwort & moss
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Gymnosperms and Angiosperms produce _____, a tiny waterproof capsule in which sperm are produced.
  67. Wen referring to leaves, what is the layer of wax that coats the epidermal cells?
  68. A structure on the leaf, name the pore created when guard cells become turgid.
  69. The function of roots are ____ & ____.
    anchorage & absorption of water
  70. What is the main reproductive structure common to all plants?
  71. The life cycle of plants is characterized by alternation of generations between a multicellular _____ stage and a multicellular haploid stage.
  72. what are gametes?
    sex cells/ reproductive cells/ sperm & eggs