Bio169

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Author:
areams519
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224295
Filename:
Bio169
Updated:
2013-06-25 10:21:08
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micro bacteria fungus kingdom protista
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study cards for test 2...matching organisms and description
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  1. Micrococcus
    • -bacteria (gram+), cocci
    • -normal flora, but can be opportunistic
    • -found on skin/soil
  2. Enterococcus
    • -bacteria (gram+), cocci
    • -normal flora in GI tract
    • -cause of nosocomial infections, VRE
    • -uti, blood, etc.
    • -found in GI tract and vaginal canal
  3. Bacillus
    • -bacteria (gram+), bacilli
    • -Anthrax
    • -food poisoning
    • -found in soil
  4. Lactobacillus
    • -bacteria (gram+), bacilli
    • -normal flora
    • -probiotic
    • -found in GI tract
  5. Listeria
    • -bacteria (gram+), bacilli
    • -Listeriosis, deadly food poisoning
    • -found in soil, water, meat and dairy
    • -pasteurization helps kill
  6. Corynebacterium
    • -bacteria (gram+), bacilli 
    • -Diphtheria
    • -upper respiratory tract infection
    • -found in oropharynx or skin
  7. Clostridium
    • -bacteria (gram+), bacillus
    • -botulism (neurotoxin/serious food poisoning)
    • -c-diff
    • -gas gangrene (myonecrosis)
    • -tetanus
    • -found in soil and feces
  8. Propionibacterium
    • -bacteria, gram+, bacilli
    • -causes acne
    • -infected humans are reservoirs, but not likely transmissible
  9. Staphylococcus
    • -bacteria, gram+, cocci
    • -infected hair follicles, boils, carbuncles
    • -seeding into bloodstream can cause pnemonia, sepsis, etc
    • -impetigo (pus filled blisters) occurs in children and neonates 
    • -infected humans are reservoirs, draining lesion
  10. Peptostreptococcus
    • -bacteria, gram+, cocci
    • -normal flora in GI tract
    • -opportunistic & cause various infections such as abscess, oral infection, appendicitis
  11. Streptococcus
    • -bacteria, gram+, coccus
    • -causes strep throat, impetigo, scarlet fever, erysipelas, necrotizing faciitis, pink eye, otitis media
    • - found in humans, skin and respiratory droplets
  12. Actinomyces
    • -bacteria, gram+
    • -look like fungus, forms branches of hyphae
    • -normal present in gingival area, common infection of dental procedures
  13. Neisseria
    • -bacteria, gram-, coccus
    • -gonorrhea
    • -infected humans are reservior
  14. Bordetella
    • -bacteria, gram -, coccobacillus
    • -"whopping cough," pertussis
    • -infected humans are reservoirs
    • -transmission through resp. droplets
  15. Pseudomonas
    • -bacteria, gram -, bacilli
    • -opportunistic pathogen
    • -produce bacteria killing proteins (bacteriocin)
    • -drug resistant
  16. Acinetobacter
    • -bacteria, gram -
    • -associated with healthcare acquired infections, rarely seen outside healthcare setting
    • -opportunistic
    • -varied infections from pnemonia to wounds
    • -found in soil and water
  17. Bacteriodes
    • -bacteria, gram -
    • -indigenous microflora (mainly in colon)
    • -can cause brain abscess, liver abscess, intra-abdominal infections
  18. Fusobacterium
    • -bacteria, gram -, bacilli
    • -commonly cause peridontal infections (gingivitis) and plaque
    • -can also cause brain and liver abscess, intra-abdominal infections
    • -indigenous microflora
  19. Veillonella
    • -bacteria, gram -, cocci
    • -not usually pathogenic
    • -plaque
    • -forms biofilms with other microbes
    • -indigenous microflora of oral cavity and gut
  20. Chlamydia
    • -bacteria, gram -
    • -causes Chlamydia, most common STD
    • -infected humans are reservoirs
  21. Treponema
    • -bacteria, gram -, spirochete
    • -causes Syphilis which occurs in 4 stages
    • -infected humans are reservoirs
    • -transmission occurs via direct contact
  22. Borrelia
    • -bacteria, gram -, spirochete
    • -causes Lyme disease, Relapsing fever
    • -most common arthropod born disease in US
    • -ticks, rodents(esp deer mice), and mammals(esp deer) are reservoirs
    • -transmission via tick bite
  23. Brucella
    • -bacteria, gram-
    • -causes Brucellosis (Bangs disease, milk sickness)
    • -commonly transmitted through unpastuerized dairy
    • -category B potential biological terrorism agent
    • -cattle, swine, goats are reservoirs
    • -transmission through contaminated milk (most common), cuts, mucous membranes, inhalation
  24. Pasturella
    • -bacteria, gram -, coccobacillus
    • -causes Pasterellosis
    • -found in oral cavities of animals
    • -transmitted via bites and scratches
  25. Legionella
    • -bacteria, gram -, bacillus
    • -causes Legionellosis (Legionnaire's disease-acute bacterial pneumonia 40% mortality, Pontiac fever)
    • -environmental water sources are reservoirs
    • -transmission has also occured via aerosols produced by vegetable misting
    • -not transmitted person to person
  26. Vibrio
    • -bacteria, gram -, vibrio shaped bacilli
    • -Cholera (acute diarrheal disease, rapid dehydration), more than 50% untreated die
    • -most cases involved undercooked seafood from coastal waters
    • -vibrios are halophilic (salt loving), found in marine environments
  27. Camplyobacter
    • -bacteria, gram -, spiral shaped bacilli
    • -causes Camplyobacter enteritis (food poisoning), enteric disease ranging from asymptomatic to diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abd pain
    • -major cause of bacterial diarrhea in the US
    • -animals are reservoirs, most raw poultry is contaminated
    • -transmission via contaminated food, water, animal
  28. Haemophilus
    • -bacteria, gram -, coccobacilli
    • -H. Influenzae, HIB can cause meningitis and acute respiratory infections including pneumonia (esp in children)
    • -H. ducreyi is cause of chancroid (an STI)
    • -infected humans are reservoirs
  29. Helicobacter
    • -bacteria, gram -, bacillus
    • -H. pylori can cause chronic gastritis and duodenal ulcers
    • -the only bacteria to grow in acidic stomach
    • -infected humans are reservoirs
    • -transmission oral-oral or fecal-oral
  30. Escherichia coli
    • -bacteria, gram -, bacilli
    • -produce cytotoxins
    • -Enterohemorrhagic diarrhea and enterotoxigenic diarrhea (traveler's diarrhea)
    • -hamburger meat with cattle feces
    • -reservoirs are cattle and infected humans
    • -transmission via fecal-oral, inadequately cooked contaminated beef, unpastuerized milk, person to person
  31. Shigella
    • -bacteria, gram-, bacilli
    • -causes shigellosis (bacillary dysentery, marlow syndrome)
    • -infects lining of small and large intestine
    • -diarrhea with blood, pus, mucous
    • -infected humans are reservoirs, fecal-oral transmission, fecally contanimated food/water, flies can transfer organisms to food
  32. Salmonella
    • -bacteria, gram -, bacilli
    • -causes Salmonellosis: gastroenteritis with abd pain, diarrhea
    • -causes Typhoid fever: systemic bacterial disease
    • -wild and domestic animals act as reservoirs, reptiles, etc
    • -transmission occurs via ingestion of contaminated food/water, fecal-oral
    • -infected humans are reservoirs for Typhoid
  33. Klebsiella
    • -bacteria, gram -
    • -found in human intestine
    • -causes nosocomial infections, usually respiratory and uti
    • -major cause of pnemonia
    • -has antimicrobial resistance
  34. Enterobacter
    • -bacteria, gram -, rod shaped
    • -nosocomial, opportunistic
    • -resistant to antibiotics
    • -found in intestine, soil, water, dairy
  35. Serratia
    • -bacteria, gram -, bacilli shaped
    • -causes nosocomial infections
    • -tend to colonize in respiratory and urinary tracts
    • -fun fact**Serratia was once considered non pathogenic, in 1950, the Navy conducted experiment "Operation Seaspray" to look at wind currents with potential bio warfare...broke ballons with microbe and noticed increase in uti's and pneumonia
  36. Proteus
    • -bacteria, gram -, bacilli shaped
    • -nosocomial and opportunistic
  37. Yersinia
    • -bacteria, gram -, coccobacillus
    • -causes Plague
    • -bubonic plague: swollen lymph nodes
    • -pneumonic plague: respiratory, devastating epidemics
    • -septicemic plague: septic shock, meningitis, death
    • -reservoirs:  wild rodents and their fleas
    • -transmission via flea bite and droplet
    • -severe zoonosis
  38. Coliforms
    -E. coli and other lactose fermenting members of family Enterobacteriacaea: Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia
  39. Rickettsis
    • -bacteria, gram -
    • -causes Rocky mountain spotted fever (Tickborne Typhus fever)
    • -Endemic typhus fever (fleaborne)
    • -Epidemic typhus fever (louse borne, "cooties")
  40. Mycoplasm
    • -bacteria, gram -
    • -lacks cell walls
    • -causes primary atypical pneumonia
    • -infected humans are reservoirs
  41. Mycobacterium
    • -bacterium, gram + to gram variable
    • -causes tuberculosis
    • -infected humans usually reservoirs
    • -bovine tb from infected cattle/dairy
  42. Ehrlichia
    • -bacteria, gram -, coccobacilli
    • -live within leukocytes
    • -causes ehrlichiosis, HME and HGE
    • -influenza-like illness, asymptomatic to life threatening
    • -reservoir unknown, transmission via tick bite
  43. Anaplasma
    • -bacteria, gram -
    • -live within leukocytes
    • -causes anaplasmosis, HE
    • -tick borne

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