Exam 4 Chapter 24

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Exam 4 Chapter 24
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2013-06-19 11:12:27
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Exam 4 Chapter 24
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  1. Where in the kidney is blood initially filtered to form urine?
    A) the nephron
    B) the collecting duct
    C) efferent arterioles
    D) the renal pyramids
    E) the renal capsule
    A) the nephron
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following structures allows fetal blood vessels to exchange nutrients and wastes with the mother's blood vessels?
    A) the uterine tube
    B) the placenta
    C) the clitoris
    D) the uterus
    E) the cervix
    B) the placenta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Mature sperm cells are stored in a male's
    A) prepuce
    B) testes
    C) prostate gland
    D) epididymis
    E) vas deferenss
    D) epididymis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. At what age is a young female most susceptible to urinary tract infections?
    A) 18 years old
    B) 3 years old
    C) at birth
    D) 10 years old
    E) 12 years old
    B) 3 years old
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Microbial infection of the bladder is called
    A) cystitis
    B) prostatitis
    C) bacteriosis
    D) pyelonephritis
    E) ectopic
    A) cystitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following transmits leptospirosis?
    A) humans infected with leptospirosis
    B) infected animal feces
    C) infected animal bites
    D) infected animal urine
    E) droplet nuclei
    D) infected animal urine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. During the spring calving season a ranch hand begins to run a fever and feel nauseous and achy. After he develops a headache and vomiting, he goes to a clinic. A microscopic exam of a urine sample reveals long thin microbes which move very rapidly in a corkscrewing pattern. The man may have contracted
    A) glomerulonephritis
    B) staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome
    C) chancroid
    D) thrichomoniasis
    E) leptospirosis
    E) leptospirosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The majority of cases of staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome occure in
    A) anyone with a Staphylococcus aureus infections
    B) uncircumcised males
    C) nasal surgery patients
    D) menstruating women
    E) newly delivered mothers
    D) menstruating women
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is a characteristic of bacterial vaginosis frequently used to confirm diagnosis?
    A) an acidic vaginal pH
    B) the presence of clue cells
    C) an abnormal vaginal discharge
    D) fever and rash
    E) the presence of buboes
    B) the presence of clue cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. What type of infection is candidiasis?
    A) bacterial
    B) viral
    C) spirochete
    D) yeast
    E) protozoan
    D) yeast
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is associated with Candida infections?
    A) pelvic inflammatory disease
    B) gummas
    C) lymphogranuloma venereum
    D) pseudohyphae
    E) reticulate bodies
    D) pseudohyphae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Untreated infection of males with Neisseria gonorrhoeae may result in
    A) gummas
    B) orchitis
    C) sterility
    D) golerulonephritis
    E) penile cancer
    C) sterility
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Opthalmia neonatorum is an infection caused by
    A) Staphylococcus aureus
    B) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    C) Candida albicans
    D)Gardnerella vaginalis
    E) Treponema pallidum
    B) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following contributes to the invasiveness of Treponema pallidum?
    A) hyaluronidase
    B) fimbriae
    C) TSST
    D) IgA protease
    E) lipooligosaccharide in the cell wall
    A) hyaluronidase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding gonorrhea?
    A) It is easily confused with chancroid.
    B) Women usually experience severe symptoms early in infection
    C) Asymptomatic infections have no long-term consequences
    D) The causative agent can grow on most mucous membranes of the body.
    E) Gonorrhea produces good long-term specific immunity
    D) The causative agent can grow on most mucous membranes of the body.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Neisseria gonorrhoeae most commonly infects which of the following in females?
    A) the uterus
    B) the fallopian tubes
    C) the cervix
    D) the vagina
    E) the ovaries
    C) the cervix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The presence of Gram-negative diplococci in pus from an inflamed penis diagnostic for infection by
    A) Treponema pallidum
    B) Mycoplasma hominis
    C) human herpesvirus 2
    D) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    E) Chlamydia trachomatis
    D) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The typical sign of primary syphilis is
    A) a chancre at the site of infection
    B) paralysis
    C) lymphadenopathy
    D) gummas in various organs
    E) a widespread rash
    A) a chancre at the site of infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Diagnosis of syphilis is usually made by
    A) culturing specimens on laboratory media
    B) the MHA-TP test
    C) a Pap smear
    D) microscopic evaluation of stained specimens
    E) DNA probes
    B) the MHA-TP test
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. A distinctive feature of secondary syphilis is
    A) blister-like lesions which ulcerate
    B) hard, red, painless bumps
    C) soft, painful ulcers
    D) rubbery, painful lesions
    E) a widespread rash that can include the palms and soles
    A) blister-like lesions which ulcerate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Syphilis can be transmitted
    A) by sexual contact
    B) from mother to fetus
    C) by sexual contact, by fomites, and from mother to fetus
    D) by fomites
    E) both by sexual contact and from mother to fetus
    E) both by sexual contact and from mother to fetus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The noninfective, obligately intracellular forms of chlamydia are called
    A) phagosomes
    B) elementary bodies
    C) pseudohyphae
    D) glomerular capsules
    E) reticulate bodies
    E) reticulate bodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The most common sexually transmitted bacterium is
    A) Mycoplasma hominis
    B) Haemophilus ducreyi
    C) Chlamydia trachomatis
    D) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    E) Treponema pallidum
    C) Chlamydia trachomatis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. In addition to the genital tract, various strains of Chlamydia trachomatis can infect which of the following?
    A) the conjuctiva
    B) the lungs
    C) lymph nodes
    D) lymph nodes and conjuctiva
    E) lymph nodes, lungs, and conjunctiva
    E) lymph nodes, lungs, and conjunctiva
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. A young adult shows up at a free clinic complaining of painful swellings in the groin. The young woman has a history of occasional casual sex, but denies noticing any genital sores or experiencing painful urination. The young woman is most likely infected with
    A) Chlamydia trachomatis
    B) Treponema pallidum
    C) Haemophilus ducreyi
    D) Trichomonas vaginalis
    E) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    A) Chlamydia trachomatis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following can mimic gonorrhea infections?
    A) chlamydia
    B) candidiasis
    C) syphilis
    D) chancroid
    E) trichomoniasis
    A) chlamydia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Chancroid is caused by 
    A) Mycoplasma hominis
    B) Haemophilus ducreyi
    C) Treponema pallidum
    D) Trichomonas vaginalis
    E) human herpesvirus 2
    B) Haemophilus ducreyi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The major sign of Haemophilus ducreyi infection is similar to the major sign of infection by 
    A) Candida albicans
    B) Staphylococcus aureus
    C) Chlamydia trachomatis
    D) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    E) Treponema pallidum
    E) Treponema pallidum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. A diagnosis of genital herpes is confirmed by the
    A) appearance of stained tissue specimens
    B) appearance and size of herpetic lesions
    C) binding of fluorescent antibodies
    D) detection of herpesvirus DNA by PCR
    E) location of herpetic lesions
    C) binding of fluorescent antibodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding genital herpes?
    A) Acyclovir is effective in reducing the occurrence of lesions, but is not a cure.
    B) Re-appearance of lesions is the result of new infections.
    C) Herpes can be prevented using vaginal spermicidal creams.
    D) It can only be transmitted when lesions are evident.
    E) There is an effective vaccine to prevent infection
    A) Acyclovir is effective in reducing the occurrence of lesions, but is not a cure.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Pap smears are used in the diagnosis of
    A) cervical cancer
    B) genital herpes
    C) chancroid
    D) trichomoniasis
    E) tertiary syphilis
    A) cervical cancer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Condylomata acuminata are associated with infections of which of the following?
    A) papillomaviruses
    B) human herpesvirus 1
    C) Trichomonas vaginalis
    D) human herpesvirus 2
    E) Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    A) papillomaviruses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following is the cause of the most common curable STD in women?
    A) Gardnerella vaginalis
    B) human herpesvirus 2
    C) Trichomonas vaginalis
    D) Chlamydia trachomatis
    E) Haemophilus ducreyi
    C) Trichomonas vaginalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. A woman goes to her gynecologist and reports that she is experiencing pain during intercourse and frequently has an unusual vaginal discharge that is increased in quantity and sort of foamy. A vaginal smear shows normal appearing epithelial cells along with small leaf-shaped cells with prominent oval nuclei. What disease is the woman experiencing?
    A) trichomoniasis
    B) syphilis
    C) herpes
    D) cervical cancer
    E) chancroid
    A) trichomoniasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Trichomonas vaginalis is usually transmitted via sexual intercourse because it
    A) penetrates cells lining the genitourinary tract
    B) participates with HIV in coinfections
    C) cannot live long outside the body
    D) produces cysts that germinate in the vagina
    E) requires a growth factor found only in the vagina
    C) cannot live long outside the body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The most common symptom of chancroid in women is a vaginal discharge.
    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  37. The risk of developing toxic shock syndrome is increased by the use of super-absorbent tampons.
    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  38. Gonorrhea in women is always asymptomatic.
    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  39. Genital herpes and genital warts are both caused herpesviruses.
    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  40. The normal microbiota of the vagina help maintain a vaginal pH of around 7.5.
    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  41. The urethra is the only part of the urinary system in which one would expect to find normal microbiota.
    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  42. Mental confusion is often the only sign of a urinary tract infection in elderly patients.
    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  43. Clinical manifestations of chlamydia infections arise primarily from an inflammatory respose to the destruction of infected cells.
    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  44. The most common symptom of chancroid in women is a vaginal discharge.
    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  45. A whitlow is the result of human papillomavirus infection of the skin of the hand.
    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  46. Trichomoniasis increases patients' susceptibility to infection by HIV.
    A) True
    B) False
    A) True

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