Attenuation of the sound beam increases with increasing:
Path length, Absorption, Frequency and Scattering reflection
You are imaging a rounded mass with irregular borders. The mass has a much slower propagation speed than surrounding tissue. What sound-tissue interaction will be encountered as the ultrasound propagates through this interface?
Refraction, Reflection, Absorption and Scattering
You are imaging a structure that is highly attenuating. Which imaging effect do you expect to encounter?
When you are educating your patient about the sonographic exam, sound travels through air from your mouth to your patient's ears. Which of the following is true regarding the speed of sound travel through air?
The speed of sound in air is slower than the speed of sound in soft tissue.
In the illustration, if the propagation speed is unchanged at the interface, which most correctly describes the sound-tissue interaction that will take place when the ultrasound wave strikes the depicted interface?
You have increased the transmit power while performing a pelvic ultrasound examination. This action increases which of the following?
Penetration, Acoustic power, Image brightness and Voltage applied to the transducer elements
If sound waves of 3 MHz, 5MHz, and 10 MHz are transmitted through the same section of anatomy, reflection from which frequency would reach the transducer first?
Reflectionsfrom all three frequencies would have nearly identical transit times
What would you change if the image does not show adequate penetration and the far field displays noise instead of tissue?
Decrease transmit frequency
For pulsed ultrasound, which of the following factors determine the frequency of the sound wave?
You have decreased the acoustic power by -3 dB. Which of the following most accurately describes this adjustment?
The intensity has been halved
Which of the following describes sound propagation through a vacuum?
Sound cannot travel through a vacuum
When your patient asks you how much longer the ultrasound test will take, his voice is in the audible frequency range. Which of the following frequencies is in the audible frequency range?
The maximum cyclical change in a quantity is known as:
Bulk modulus is closely related to which of the following qualities?
Which most correctly describes sound propagation in a medium?
Molecules oscillate back and forth to propagate sound waves but do not move from one end of the medium to another
Which of the following terms denotes the time it takes for a cycle to occur?
If the number of cycles in a pulse is increased but the wavelength remains the same, which of the following is true?
The pulse duration is increased
Which of the following is most likely also to decrease beam intensity?
Increasing beam area
Which of the following best characterizes an ultrasound wave in human tissue?
Mechanical longitudinal wave
The regions of low pressure and density that are formed during sound propagation are termed:
The sound propagation speed used to calibrate range-measuring circuits on diagnostic sonography instruments is:
Which of the following properties would result in increased propagation speed of sound through a medium?
Which of the following frequencies is considered to be ultrasound?
You are performing a sonographic exam on a large patient. Which transducer would provide the least amount of signal attenuation?
Which of the following increases as frequency increases?
Absorption, Scattering and Attenuation
Which statemen about the two pulse trains displayed above is true? Each represents a signal versus time.
A has a lower frequency than B
What is the velocity of an ultrasound wave in bone?
The speed of sound is defined as the:
Speed at which the sound wave propagates through the medium
A longitudinal wave is characterized by:
Particlemotion occurring perpendicular to the direction of propagation