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  1. anything that is a risk to organisms, such as ionizing radiation or harmful bacteria or viruses
  2. pathogenic micro-organisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans
    bloodborne pathogens
  3. a laboratory test used to check for bacteria or other micro-organisms in a blood sample
    blood culture
  4. a hollow, flexible tube that can be inserted into a vessel or cavity of the body to withdraw fluids
  5. the chronological documentation, or paper trail, showing the seizure, custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of specimens, which can be used as evidence
    chain of custody
  6. a method of urinalysis involving the use of plastic strips to which chemically specific reagent pads are affixed
    chemical reagent strip testing
  7. a method of urine collection that may be ordered to diagnose urinary tract infections or to evaluate the effectiveness of drug therapy
    clean-catch midstream specimen
  8. a procedure in which a finger or heel is lanced to obtain a small quantity of blood for testing; also called a capillary draw, finger stick, heel stick, or skin puncture
    dermal puncture
  9. used as an anticoagulant to keep blood specimens from clotting
    ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)
  10. pertaining to the intestines
  11. an inherited disorder in which the body is unable to use, or metabolize, the simple sugar galactose, causing the affected patient to be unable to tolerate any form of milk, as well as other foods containing galactose
  12. the proportion of the blood that consists of packed red blood cells, expressed as a percentage by volume; the hematocrit test measures the percentage pg hematocrit in the blood
  13. blood that comes from a source that cannot be immediately determined, such as a peptic ulcer
    occult blood
  14. a metabolic genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency in the hepatic enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase; classic PKU causes permanent intellectual disability, seizures, delayed development, behavioral problems, psychiatric disorders, a "mousy" body odor, lightening of skin and hair, and eczema
    phenylketonuria (PKU)
  15. at or near the site of patient care
    point of care
  16. a method of repeated assay of known standard materials and monitoring reaction parameters to ensure precision and accuracy
    quality control
  17. a single urine specimen taken at any time
    random specimen
  18. chemical substances known to react in specific ways; used to detect or synthesize other substances in chemical reactions
  19. a laboratory that is outside a patient care facility; usually, it is able to perform many more types of testing than are available at the average hospital laboratory
    reference laboratory
  20. the thick, whitish secretion of the male reproductive organs discharged from the urethra during ejaculation
  21. material coughed up from the digestive tract that is formed in the intestine and expelled through the rectum; also called feces
  22. pertaining to a location above the symphysis pubis, which is the slightly movable interpubic joint of the pelvis; consisting of two pubic bones separated by a disk of fibrocartilage and connected by two ligaments
  23. collected over a predetermined time period to obtain more specific information; such specimens are sometimes collected 2 hours after a meal to test for diabetes
    timed specimen
  24. the fluid secreted by the kidneys, transported by the ureters, stored in the bladder, and voided through the urethra
Card Set:
2013-06-19 06:56:44

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