AnP Final The Cell

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tricert10
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2244
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AnP Final The Cell
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2009-12-04 21:34:33
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AnP Final The Cell
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AnP Final The Cell
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  1. Small structures within a cell that perform special functions
    Organelles
  2. Substance that fills and holds cell contents
    Cytoplasm
  3. Respnsible for ribosome formation
    Nucleolus
  4. What breaks down toxins
    Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  5. What has rough appearance due to ribosomes and processes proteins
    Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
  6. What packages secretions for export or cell use
    Golgi complex
  7. What converts nutrients from food into ATP for energy
    Mitochondrion
  8. What is composed of RNA and functions in protein synthesis
    Ribosome
  9. What has round "bags" of digestive enzymes and there function is disabling bacteria and viruses, detoxification of harmful substances, digesting old and worn-out organelles, breaking down nutrients and degrading no-useful tissues
    Lysosome
  10. What detoxifies a njmber of harmful substances and the most important function is to "disarm" free radicals by converting them to hydrogen peroxide
    Peroxisomes
  11. Hydrogen peroxide is converted to water by what enzyme
    Catalase
  12. What is Diffusion
    THE movement o fmolecules from a region of higher concentration to one of lower concentration
  13. what is Osmosis
    The process by which water molecules diffuse through the cell membrane
  14. What is hypertonic
    High solute concentrations outside of cell, water leaves cell, then cell shrinks
  15. What is hypotonic
    High solute concentration inside of cell, water rushes in, cell swells and ultimately bursts
  16. What is phagocytosis
    Engulfing or swallowing large particles by the cell membrane
  17. What is pinocytosis
    Process by which a cell engulfs fluid

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