US Physics 181-210

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amadaperedo
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224425
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US Physics 181-210
Updated:
2013-06-20 00:17:25
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Physics
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Physics
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  1. You have been asked to perform an ultrasound study of a structure located about 3 cm below the skin surface. Which transducer frequency range would be most appropriate for this study?
    10-12 MHz
  2. Dynamic receive focusing uses:
    Time delays before echo signals from array elements are combined
  3. Varying the excitation voltage to each element in the group uses to form the ultrasound pulse is called:
    Apodization
  4. Which of the following statements describes a phased array transducer?
    Electronically focused along the length of the array, mechanically focused along the elevational dimension, and electronically steered
  5. Resolution of two structures at different depths along the path of the sound beam is termed:
    Axial resolution
  6. Which transducer has the same distance between the scan lines in both the near and far fields?
    Linear array
  7. Which of the following minimizes the degree to which beam width varies with depth?
    Dynamic aperture
  8. The sound beam can be focused by all of the following EXCEPT:
    Matching layer
  9. What type of focusing decreases the frames rate?
    Multiple transmit focusing
  10. For a single transducer to offer multiple frequency selections for scanning, it must have:
    Wide bandwidth
  11. The ability to distinguish between adjacent structures that produce echoes of similar amplitude is termed:
    Contrast resolution
  12. When you increase the scan line density in the B-mode image, you improve:
    Lateral resolution
  13. The conversion of an incident pressure wave to an electrical signal is the:
    Piezoelectric effect
  14. Electronic focusing in the transmit mode is accomplished using:
    Time delays to excite transducer elements
  15. What is the purpose of subdicing?
    To reduce grating lobes
  16. What transducer component is designed to control ringing of the piezoelectric element?
    Backing material
  17. The transducer you are using is an array assembly. What is an advantage of this type of transducer?
    Transducer arrays enable electronic focusing and steering
  18. What is an advantage of single-crystal or pure wave crystal transducers?
    Wide bandwidth

  19. What type of transducer produced this image?
    Linear array
  20. When increasing the number of transmit focal zones to improve spartial resolution, the tradeoff is:
    Lateral resolution vs. temporal resolution
  21. Which of the following is NOT associated with a low Q transducer?
    Long pulse length

  22. This image shows clear distinction between the gray scale of various structures in the fetal brain. The ability to distinguish similar structures with varying gray scale is termed:
    Contras resolution
  23. If the number of cycles in the transmitted pulsed wave is increased:
    Axial resolution is degraded
  24. If the frame rate is too slow for adequate temporal resolution, what action could you take to improve frame rate?
    Reduce the number of transmit focal zones
  25. You have been requested to image a superficial mass and to adjust your equipment to optimize spartial resolution. Spartial resolution consists of:
    Lateral and axial resolution
  26. What is the purpose of the radiofrequency shield that is placed around the crystal and backing material of the ultrasound probe?
    It reduces electromagnetic interface

  27. The image on the left demonstrates poor lateral resolution compared to the image on the right. How were the system controls adjusted to optimize the image on the right?
    Increased line density
  28. What type of resolution is affected most by pulse duration?
    Axial resolution
  29. With a standard one-dimensional linear array transducer, what type of resolution is affected most by electronic focusing and dynamic aperture?
    Lateral resolution
  30. What type of resolution is most affected by the mechanical focus on a linear array transducer?
    Elevational resolution

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