Card Set Information

2013-06-20 07:45:23
English Exam

Grammar, Spelling, Mythology, Twelfth Night
Show Answers:

  1. Name the three spelling rules.
    1. Drop the final, silent e when adding a suffix beginning with a vowel. Keep the final, silent e when adding a suffix beginning with a consonant

    2. When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel, double the final consonant of the root word if the word ends consonant, vowel, consonant and is stressed on the last syllable.

    3. Write I before E, expect after C or when pronounced A as in neighbor and weigh. (if short E or long I is the sound that is right, write E before I as in their and in height.)
  2. Define Independent and Subordinate Clause
    Provide an example
    • Independent clauses-May stand alone in a sentence
    • e.g. If I won the lottery, I would take a trip around the world

    • Subordinate clauses-Cannot stand alone in a sentence
    • e.g. If I won the lottery, I would take a trip around the world
  3. Define the four types of sentences
    Provide an example
    • Declarative-Makes a statment. It is followed by a period
    • e.g. Our band is called Heir Apparent

    • Interrogative-Asks a question. It is followed by a question mark
    • e.g. Why did you choose such a stange colour

    • Imperative-Expresses a command or request. It is followed by a period or an exclamation mark
    • e.g. Finish your work.

    • Exclamatory-Expresses surprise or strong emotion. It is followed by an exclamation mark.
    • e.g. What a great concert! Heir Apparent rocks! Watch out!
  4. Define active and passive voice
    • In the active voice, the subject does the action
    •  e.g. The passengers tackled the hijacker

    • In the passive voice, the subject is acted upon. Form the passive voice by using a form of be (e.g. is, was, has been, will be) plus the past participle
    •   e.g. The hijacker was tackled by the passengers
  5. Define prepositional phrase
    Provide an example
    A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun.

    e.g. Maria ran to the store
  6. Define Noun
    A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea
  7. Name the type of nouns
    Provide an example
    Common noun-boy

    Proper noun-Jim

    Collective noun- class, audience
  8. List the noun functions
    Subject noun-does the verb, what the sentence is talking about, the subject of the clause 

    Direct object noun-follows an action verb; WHAT? or WHOM? after the verb

    Indirect object noun-follows an action verb; receives the direct object

    Object of the preposition noun-follows a preposition, ends a prepositional phrase

    Subjective completion/subject complement noun-follows a linking verb, describes the subject
  9. Define Verb
    A verb is an action word or it describes a state of being. The verb tells what is happening in the sentence.
  10. List the types of verbs
    Provide an example
    Action verb-to want, to play.

    Linking verb-am, seemed, became, appears

    Auxiliary-indicate tense-I will go, i have gone, I should go
  11. Define adjective, what questions do they answer
    Adjectives describe, limit, or identify a noun or pronoun. A descriptive adjective adds detail or answers the question what is it like.

    They answer which one, how many, what kind, and whose.
  12. Define adverb, what questions do they answer
    Adverbs modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

    They answer how, when, where, to what extent, or how often.

    Most adverbs end in -ly
  13. Define preposition
    Provide an example
    A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun called the object of the preposition, to another word in the sentence.

    • e.g. The squirrel went above the tree
    •        The squirrel went in the tree
  14. Define conjunction, list the types of conjunctions.
    Co-ordinating-FANBOYS-connect two or more equal sentences

    Subordinating-Connect unequal sentences

    Correlative conjunctions-Connect two equal parts of a sentence
  15. Define Interjection
    Provide an example
    An abrupt remark, made esp. as an aside or interruption.

    e.g. Ah!
  16. Define Prose
    Provide an example
    Written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure.
  17. Define Blank Verse
    Provide an example
    Verse without rhyme, esp. that which uses iambic pentameter (10 syllables).
  18. Define Aside
    Provide an example
    A remark by a character in a play intended to be heard by the audience but not by the other characters.
  19. Define Soliloquy
    Provide an example
    An act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, esp. by a character in a play. (There are people on stage)
  20. Define Rhyming Couplet
    Provide an example
    A couplet is a pair of lines of verse and a rhyming couplet is when the last word of each of these lines rhymes (perfectly, not half rhyme)

    e.g. Yesterday, I was a CATBut I ate some cake and I got FAT
  21. Define Alliteration
    Provide an example
    The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

    e.g. on scrolls of silver snowy sentences
  22. Define Pathos
    Provide an example
    A quality that evokes pity or sadness for the character
  23. Define Onomatopoeia
    Provide an example
    The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named

    e.g. sizzle, buzz, ring
  24. Define Hubris
    Provide an example
    Excessive pride toward or defiance of the gods, leading to nemesis.
  25. Define Malapropism
    Provide an example
    The unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds
  26. Define Epiphany
    Provide an example
    An epiphany is a sudden illumination of knowledge. 

    Like in House, MD. Every episode, he has an epiphany (or an epiphantic moment) in which he suddenly realizes the answer to the puzzle.
  27. Difference between Myth and Legend
    Provide an example
    Myth - is a traditional, typically ancient story dealing with supernatural beings, ancestors, or heroes that serves as a fundamental type in the worldview of a people, as by explaining aspects of the natural world or delineating the psychology, customs, or ideals of society

    Legend - is An unverified story handed down from earlier times, especially one popularly believed to be historical.