Solubility/Acids Bases

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Author:
devinbaith
ID:
224470
Filename:
Solubility/Acids Bases
Updated:
2013-06-20 12:36:52
Tags:
Chem
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Description:
Solubility rules and required acids and bases
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  1. Soluble or Insoluble - Group 1A(1) (Li+, Na+, K+)
    Soluble
  2. Soluble or Insoluble - Ammonium Ion (NH4+)
    Soluble
  3. Soluble or Insoluble - Common Nitrates (NO3-)
    Soluble
  4. Soluble or Insoluble - Acetates (CH3COO-, C2H3O2-)
    Soluble
  5. Soluble or Insoluble - Perchlorates (ClO4-)
    Soluble
  6. Soluble or Insoluble - Chlorides (Cl-)
    Soluble
  7. Soluble or Insoluble - Bromides (Br-)
    Soluble
  8. Soluble or Insoluble - Iodides (I-)
    Soluble
  9. Exceptions for Chlorides, Bromides, and Iodides
    Ag+, Pb2+, Cu+, and Hg22+
  10. Soluble or Insoluble - Fluorides (F-) and exceptions
    Soluble

    Pb2+ and all Group 2A(2)
  11. Soluble or Insoluble - Sulfates (SO42-) and exceptions
    Soluble

    Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Ag+, and Pb2+
  12. Soluble or Insoluble - Common Metal Hydroxides and exceptions
    Insoluble

    Group 1A(1) and the larger members of Group 2A(2) beginning with Ca2+
  13. Soluble or Insoluble - Common Carbonates (CO32-)
    Insoluble
  14. Soluble or Insoluble - Phosphates (PO43-)
    Insoluble
  15. Exceptions on carbonates and phosphates
    Group 1A(1) and NH4+
  16. Soluble or Insoluble - Sulfides and exceptions
    Insoluble

    Group 1A(1), Group 2A(2), and NH4+
  17. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - HCl
    Strong Acid - Hydrochloric Acid
  18. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - HBr
    Strong Acid - Hydrobromic Acid
  19. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - HI
    Strong Acid - Hydroiodic Acid
  20. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - HNO3
    Strong Acid - Nitric Acid
  21. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - H2SO4
    Strong Acid - Sulfuric Acid
  22. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - HClO4
    Strong Acid - Perchloric Acid
  23. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - HF
    Weak Acid - Hydrofluoric Acid
  24. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - H3PO4
    Weak Acid - Phosphoric Acid
  25. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - HC2H3O2 or CH3COOH
    Weak Acid - Acetic Acid
  26. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - NaOH
    Strong Base - Sodium Hydroxide
  27. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - KOH
    Strong Base - Potassium Hydroxide
  28. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - Ca(OH)2
    Strong Base - Calcium Hydroxide
  29. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - Sr(OH)2
    Strong Base - Strontium Hydroxide
  30. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - Ba(OH)2
    Strong Base - Barium Hydroxide
  31. Strong/Weak Acid/Base - NH3
    Weak Base - Ammonia
  32. O.N for an atom in elemental form
    O.N = 0
  33. O.N for a monatomic ion
    O.N. = charge
  34. O.N for the atoms in a molecule or formula unit of a compound
    O.N. = 0
  35. O.N for the atoms in a poly atomic ion
    O.N. = the ions charge
  36. O.N for Group 1A(1)
    O.N = +1
  37. O.N for Group 2A(2)
    O.N. = +2
  38. O.N for Hydrogen with nonmetals
    O.N. = +1
  39. O.N for Hydrogen with Metals and Boron
    O.N. = -1
  40. O.N for Fluorine
    O.N. = -1
  41. O.N for Oxygen in peroxides
    O.N. = -1
  42. O.N for Oxygen in all compounds except Fluorine
    O.N. = -2
  43. O.N for Group 7A(7)
    O.N. = -1

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