# Pharmaceutical Calculations

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The flashcards below were created by user hannahshort on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

1. Basic metric unit of length
Meter
2. Basic metric unit of volume
Liter
3. Basic metric unit of weight
Gram
4. kilo
thousand
5. 1 kg= ? lbs
2.2 lbs
6. 1 kg= ? grams
1000 g
7. 1 gram= ? miligrams
1000 mg
8. 1 mg= ? micrograms
1000 mcg
9. 1 Liter= ? mililiters
1000 mL
10. big to small
3 to the R
11. small to big
move 3 to L
12. don't forget!!!
0 in front of the decimal
13. percentage
grams of drug per 100 mL of solution
14. Miliequivalents (mEq)
number of grams of drug contained in 1 mL of a normal solution
15. greater percentage strength=
stronger the solution
16. ounce (oz)
30 mL
17. tablespoon (T, TBS, tbs)
15 mL
18. teaspoon (t, tsp, TSP)
5 mL
19. desert spoon
8 mL
20. drop (gtt)
1 mL
21. how many grams in 1 ounce?
28.3 g= 1 oz
22. vehicle
• drug that:
• prolong the drug
• intensify the drugs effect

(Ex: Benzathin Penicillin- penicillin lasts 12 hrs in the bloodstream; add Benzathin lasts 72 hrs, staying in therapeutic range longer)
23. dosage strength
how many units/mg per 1 mL or one tablet
24. ratio strength represents
parts of drug per parts of solution

(smaller fraction=more concentrated (stronger) the solution)
25. 1st NSAID
Aspirin
26. longest patent
Dexamethazone "Dex"

proprietary was Azien
27. USP
United States Pharmacopeia
28. NF
National Formulary

official national listing of drugs
29. CR
controlled release
30. MAR
31. TID
3 times a day (every 8 hrs)
32. QID
4 times a day (every 6 hrs)
33. scored
indented marking to make breakage for partial dosages possible
34. enteric-coated
delay absorption of the drug until it reaches the small intestine
35. capsules
powdered or oily drugs in a gelatin cover
36. sustained/controlled release
action spread over a prolonged period of time
37. most commonly used hypodermic syringe
3 mL
38. 3 mL syringe calibrated in
tenths
39. size of TB/insulin syringe
0.5 or 1 mL
40. TB syringes calibrated in
hundreths
41. 6 mL & 12 mL calibrated by
0.2 mL

(fifths, two tenths)
42. 20 mL calibrated in
1 mL incrementsÂ
43. first long calibration on all syringes indicates
zero

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 Author: hannahshort ID: 224540 Filename: Pharmaceutical Calculations Updated: 2013-06-22 06:50:23 Tags: Younger Folders: Description: Metric, conversions, etc. Show Answers:

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