Pharmaceutical Calculations

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Author:
hannahshort
ID:
224540
Filename:
Pharmaceutical Calculations
Updated:
2013-06-22 02:50:23
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Younger
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Description:
Metric, conversions, etc.
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  1. Basic metric unit of length
    Meter
  2. Basic metric unit of volume
    Liter
  3. Basic metric unit of weight
    Gram
  4. kilo
    thousand
  5. 1 kg= ? lbs
    2.2 lbs
  6. 1 kg= ? grams
    1000 g
  7. 1 gram= ? miligrams
    1000 mg
  8. 1 mg= ? micrograms
    1000 mcg
  9. 1 Liter= ? mililiters
    1000 mL
  10. big to small
    3 to the R
  11. small to big
    move 3 to L
  12. don't forget!!!
    0 in front of the decimal
  13. percentage
    grams of drug per 100 mL of solution
  14. Miliequivalents (mEq)
    number of grams of drug contained in 1 mL of a normal solution
  15. greater percentage strength=
    stronger the solution
  16. ounce (oz)
    30 mL
  17. tablespoon (T, TBS, tbs)
    15 mL
  18. teaspoon (t, tsp, TSP)
    5 mL
  19. desert spoon
    8 mL
  20. drop (gtt)
    1 mL
  21. how many grams in 1 ounce?
    28.3 g= 1 oz
  22. vehicle
    • drug that:
    • prolong the drug
    • intensify the drugs effect

    (Ex: Benzathin Penicillin- penicillin lasts 12 hrs in the bloodstream; add Benzathin lasts 72 hrs, staying in therapeutic range longer)
  23. dosage strength
    how many units/mg per 1 mL or one tablet
  24. ratio strength represents
    parts of drug per parts of solution

    (smaller fraction=more concentrated (stronger) the solution)
  25. 1st NSAID
    Aspirin
  26. longest patent
    Dexamethazone "Dex"

    proprietary was Azien
  27. USP
    United States Pharmacopeia
  28. NF
    National Formulary

    official national listing of drugs
  29. CR
    controlled release
  30. MAR
    Medication Administration Record
  31. TID
    3 times a day (every 8 hrs)
  32. QID
    4 times a day (every 6 hrs)
  33. scored
    indented marking to make breakage for partial dosages possible
  34. enteric-coated
    delay absorption of the drug until it reaches the small intestine
  35. capsules
    powdered or oily drugs in a gelatin cover
  36. sustained/controlled release
    action spread over a prolonged period of time
  37. most commonly used hypodermic syringe
    3 mL
  38. 3 mL syringe calibrated in
    tenths
  39. size of TB/insulin syringe
    0.5 or 1 mL
  40. TB syringes calibrated in
    hundreths
  41. 6 mL & 12 mL calibrated by
    0.2 mL

    (fifths, two tenths)
  42. 20 mL calibrated in
    1 mL increments 
  43. first long calibration on all syringes indicates
    zero

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