Chapter 20

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  1. ACTH
    hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the growth of the adrenal gland cortex and the secretion of corticosteroids. An increase in secretion occurs in response to a low level of circulating cortisol and to stress, fever, surgery, or hypoglycemia
  2. afferent
    carrying toward a given point
  3. calculi
    abnormal hard mass composed of minerals and salts; commonly referred to as a stone
  4. conduit
    channel or pipe for conveying fluids
  5. cortex
    outermost part of a structure
  6. ESWL (extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy)
    non-invasive method that uses shock waves generated by an electrical discharge through water to pulverize calculi of the kidney
  7. Gerota's fascia
    fibrous capsule that encircles the kidney to aid in keeping the kidney in the correct anatomical position and to cushion it from injury
  8. Gibson incision
    surgical incision that begins medial to the anterosuperior iliac spine and curves downward and medially, to slightly above the symphysis pubis; specifically designed for access to the lower portion of the ureter
  9. hilum
    medial border of the kidney that is convex and receives the renal blood vessels
  10. hirsutism
    abnormal hairiness, especially in women
  11. hypertrophy
    enlargement or overgrowth of a structure due to an increase in the size of its cells
  12. hypospadias
    congenital abnormality characterized by the urethral opening located on the underside of the penis or on the perineum of the male, or in the vaginal of the female
  13. incontinence
    inability to control excretory functions
  14. intravenous urogram (IVU)
    diagnostic study that involves the injection of a contrast medium into a vein; the radiopaque material is filtered through the kidney and excreted, providing an outline of the entire urologic system; formerly called intravenous pyelogram
  15. medulla
    innermost part of a structure
  16. prepuce
    fold of skin that forms a cover of the penis and the fold around the clitoris
  17. retroperitoneal
    referring to the space between the peritoneum and the posterior abdominal wall
  18. stoma
    incised opening that is kept open for drainage or other purposes
  19. suprarenal glands
    endocrine glands that rest on the superior portion of the kidneys; consist of a cortex and medulla; the cortex secretes steroid-type hormones essential to the control of fluid and electrolyte balance, and the medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
  20. torsion
    condition of being twisted
  21. TURP (transurethral resection of the prostate)
    partial or full removal of the prostate gland with a resectoscope that is placed through the urethra
  22. UTI
    inflammation or infection of one or more organs or structures of the urinary system
  23. vesical trigone
    important anatomical landmark of the bladder formed by the two ureteral opening at the posterolateral angles, and the urethral opening at the inferior angle
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Chapter 20
2013-06-22 04:25:04
Surgical Tech Vocabulary

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