LAW 6 General operating and flight Rules
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Requirements for maintaining daily flight records Part 91
- All operators must keep records for 12 months after the date of flight
- - operator name
- - PIC
- - Crew
- - Purpose of flight
- - Departure Airport and time etc
- - a/c details
- - date etc
Part 91 Explain requirements for flight attendants. At least how many?
- 19 - 51 = 1
- 51 - 101 = 2
- 100+ = at least 2 and 1 for every 50 more pax
- Hostie Not required:
- Parachute, Balloons, Twin Otters.
- When more than 19 pax are kids under 4 and total POB only 24
Simulated Instrument flight, state requirements
- 2 Station a/c with safety pilot having current license
- safety pilot has
- (i) Adequate forward vision
- (ii) Observer to supplement safety pilot
- a/c is equipped with
- (i) dual controls
- (ii) all controls can be operated from either side
- --unless performed outside controlled airspace and the hood can come off quickly
Requirements for crew members to be seated with belts on
All crew on all a/c except Balloons during takeoff and landing
- -- at station unless absence is necessary to perform duties
- -- Have belt fastened while at station
-- shoulder harness shall be worn unless station is not equipped, or duties could not be performed with harness on
Requirements for occupation of seats and wearing of restraints?
- Take off and Landing
- Less than 1000ft
- When PIC says so
- During aerobatic flight
- In open cockpit
- (i) PIC may allow shoulder harness off outside these times when it is necessary for pax to do something crucial to purpose of flight.
- (ii) Under 4s must child seat of belt attached to adult
- (iii) does not apply to balloons or parachute ops.
Requirements for use of supplemental oxygen
- Un-Pressurized (above 13,000) or 30 mins (10,000 - 13,000)
- --- Each crew member and pax to have supp Oxygen
- --- Each crew member to have portable gear when leaving there station
- Pressurized a/c
- anytime above 10,000 cabin alt same as above
- From FL350 up to FL410
- one pilot at station to wear supp at all times, or have mask that gives supp when cabin alt gets to 13,000
- or two pilots at station with mask 5 secs away
- Above FL410
- One pilot at station wearing demand oxygen at all times
Each pax must have supp ox above 14,000
unless you can descend to 14,000 in 4
Who must give the Pax brief?
- Crew Member
- Person nominated by the operator
- video Presentation
General contents of Pax briefing has to be what.
Above what intended FL must the briefing include a DEMO of supplemental Oxygen?
IS NOT required if the PIC is satisfied all PAX already know the brief
- Use of Seatbelts etc
- location and operation of exit doors
- when carried as required
- -- Survival gear
- -- Flotation devices DEMO
- -- Use of Oxygen equipment
- Procedures in case of emergency
- Use of electronic equipment
- Statement on Pax legal obligation to follow instructions
FL250 and above must include DEMO
of Oxygen equipment
Right of Way. List order of type of a/c
- Powered heavier than air
A/C Lighting, explain Part 91 requirements
- PIC Must Not!
- 1) operate a/c at night without lighted position lights
- 2) Moor or move seaplane without lights under prevention of collision at sea rules
- 3) If a/c requires anti-cols they must be working (unless PIC deems it safer to have them off.
- a/c must not be moved at night around aerodrome manoeuvring area unless the a/c
- 1) Is clearly illuminated
- 2) Has position lights
- 3) is in an area marked by obstruction lights
Airport identity cards must be worn when
- In any secure part of aerodrome without ID showing on outside of clothing
- or have on there person other docs giving clearance at the time.
- If Directors says so, Name may be omitted from card.
- Must remain in the area only for time of duties.
- Must show ID card to authorised person when challenged.
- ID must be returned when you leave job.
- NOTE: Not need when
- Foreign crews can wear there country ID's
- NZ government agency spooks don't have to show display or carry ID
- PAX being escorted to plane with boarding pass
- PIC of private a/c just needs license
Smoking restrictions and fine applicable?
- No smoking
- i) if Crew, signs, or placards say not to.
- ii) any a/c for hire reward on internal flight
- iii) in contravention of 96A
Fine is $2500
Fueling an a/c
Fuel classes 3.1 A,C, & D
31.A No pax No engines running
3.1 C & D No Pax
Carriage of Cargo
- 1) On a seat, bin, or cargo area
- 2) Secured with safely belt or suitable restraint so it wont shift
- 3) Packaged and covered to avoid injury
- 1) Exceed load limits for area
- 2 Restrict access in emergency
Operating close to another a/c
Not so close as to create a hazard
Formation unless each PIC approves it
No formation with PAX or for reward except Parachute dropping
Speed Limits under VFR
250kts below 10,000 ft when
- i) C, - G airspace
- ii Minimum safe speed is greater
- iii) At an approved airshow
Minimum heights and distances for VFR
- 1000ft and 600m from highest obstacle over built up area or assembly
- 500ft and 150m everywhere else
- Except in an emergency landing
- (Below that for)
- - Low Flying Zone
- - Bona fide reasons for flight, but still 150m horizontal
- - And only essential people are on the plane
- - Sim failure above 1000ft may only descend to 500ft unless in a low flying zone
- - At an airshow
Sonic Boom limitations
No person may operate above Mach 0.92 without Director approval.
Nobody operating to and from NZ may allow a sonic boom to reach the surface of NZ
Aircraft Noise and Emissions law numbers
- CAA Standards in Appendix C to part 21
- ICAO Annex 16 Vol 1
- CAA Same,
- ICAO Annex 16, Vol 2
Dangerous goods carriage with respect to the Police
Police may carry Dangerous goods if a/c is performing an operation solely for the police
Describe exceptions allowing carriage of dangerous goods.
- (1) Unpressurized a/c that
- -- MCOTW < 5700kgs
- -- Domestic VFR flight
- (2) The goods are not listed in the Dangerous goods list in the tech instructions as forbidden on a/c carrying PAX
- (3) emergency procedures are established
- (4) Each item is identified
- (5) PIC is informed
- (6) the goods are
- -- in proper condition for carriage
- -- Segregated if they react with one another
- -- stowed, secured correctly
- (7) Only PAX on board are associated with the goods.
Can Dangerous good be carried by PAX or crew member
Only if permitted by the technical instructions
What must docs are required for unaccompanied goods?
- Non Dangerous:
- Must give docs to operator signed stating non dangerous and giving good description
- --Unless Postal Article
- --Unless checked or carry on baggage
- Provide PIC with dedicated form and info about dangerous goods, and ensure it is available to them throughout the flight.
- PIC must have current ICAO docs and info on emergency procedures, and have them available during flight.
How often do yo have to do a dangerous good re-currency course
Every 2 years
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