Cardiology.txt

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elvinlouie
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224634
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Cardiology.txt
Updated:
2013-06-22 09:32:58
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cardio
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cardio
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  1. Which of the following structures can be found in the middle mediastinum?

    A. Right and Left Vagus nerve
    B. Arch of the Aorta
    C. Descending Aorta
    D. Right and Left Phrenic nerve
    D. Right and Left Phrenic nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The reflections of the serosal pericardium over the great vessels are arranged into complex tubes. The passage between these tubes is the:

    A. Oblique sinus
    B. Sinus nodule
    C. Transverse sinus
    D. Torus Tubarius
    C. Transverse sinus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The conduction pathway that is lodged in the subepicardial layer of right atrium

    A. Purkinje fibers
    B. Bundle of His
    C. SA Node
    D. Atrioventricular node
    C. SA Node
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. An example of a type 2 trabeculae carneae

    A. Papillary muscle
    B. Moderator band
    C. Chordae Tendinae
    D. Musculi Pectinati
    B. Moderator band
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. One of the following BEST DESCRIBES the aortic sinuses of Valsalva:

    A. Are 2 in number corresponding to the number of cusps of the aortic valves
    B. Functions to decrease regurgitation of blood through the aortic sinuses
    C. Functions to increase turbulent flow into the coronary arteries
    D. Are less prominent than those in the pulmonary trunk
    B. Functions to decrease regurgitation of blood through the aortic sinuses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following is TRUE about the differences between the left and right ventricles?

    A. the walls of the left ventricle are 3 times thicker than that of the right ventricles
    B. The left ventricle is located more anteriorly than the right ventricle
    C. the left ventricle is smoother and broader than the right ventricle
    D. The left ventricle receives unoxygenated blood from the pulmonary veins whereas the right ventricle receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary arteries
    A. the walls of the left ventricle are 3 times thicker than that of the right ventricles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. This part of the cardiac plexus lies below the aortic arch and anterior is the right pulmonary artery:

    A. Deep Cardiac Plexus
    B. Left Coronary Plexus
    C. Right Coronary Plexus
    D. Superficial Cardiac Plexus
    D. Superficial Cardiac Plexus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The anterior interventricular artery is accompanied in the anterior interventricular groove by the:

    A. Great cardiac vein
    B. Left marginal vein
    C. Coronary Sinus
    D. Right marginal vein
    A. Great cardiac vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. In patients with aortic stenosis, the abnormal heart sound is best heard at the:

    A. 5th right intercostal space, sternal border
    B. 2nd left intercostal space, sternal border
    C. 2nd right intercostal space, sternal border
    D. 2nd left intercostal space, midclavicular line
    A. 5th right intercostal space, sternal border
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The following are contained partially or completely in Pericardium EXCEPT

    A. Ascending Aorta
    B. Brachiocephalic Vein
    C. Pulmonary Trunk
    D. Inferior Vena Cava
    B. Brachiocephalic Vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. In chest radiography, the left profile of this artery is sometimes called the “aortic knuckle”

    A. Thoracic aorta
    B. Aortic arch
    C. Ascending aorta
    D. Descending aorta
    B. Aortic arch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The levels of which the common carotid artery bifurcates into the internal and external branches:

    A. C8
    B. Upper border of 1st rib
    C. C4
    D. C1
    C. C4
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The vertebral artery is so-called because it passes through the first six cervical vertebrae through:

    A. Transverse foramen
    B. Pedicles
    C. Vertebral canal
    D. Bifid spinous process
    A. Transverse foramen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. These are branches of the internal mammary artery EXCEPT:

    A. Superior intercostal artery
    B. Superior epigastric artery
    C. Anterior intercostal arteries
    D. Musculophrenic arteries
    A. Superior intercostal artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Direct branch of the thoracic aorta:

    A. Superior intercostal artery
    B. Costocervical artery
    C. Posterior intercostal artery
    D. Internal thoracic aorta
    C. Posterior intercostal artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The popliteal artery is a contribution of the:

    A. Anterior Tibial artery
    B. Genicular artery
    C. Sural artery
    D. Femoral artery
    D. Femoral artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The inferior vena cava enters the thoracic cavity through the diaphragm at the level of:

    A. T8-T9
    B. T10-T11
    C. T4-T5
    D. T6-T7
    A. T8-T9
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The following statement is TRUE regarding the brachiocephalic veins:

    A. The right and left brachiocephalic veins join to form the superior vena cava posterior to the sternal end of the first right costal cartilage
    B. The right and left brachiocephalic veins commences at the posterior aspect of the middle part of the corresponding clavicle
    C. Thyroid and pericardial veins drain into the right brachiocephalic vein
    D. The right brachiocephalic vein is longer than the left
    A. The right and left brachiocephalic veins join to form the superior vena cava posterior to the sternal end of the first right costal cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Tributaries of the external jugular vein, EXCEPT:

    A. Transverse cervical vein
    B. Superior thyroid vein
    C. Posterior auricular vein
    D. Anterior jugular vein
    B. Superior thyroid vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The Hemiazygos vein joins the azygos vein at what level?

    A. T7
    B. T3
    C. T9
    D. T5
    A. T7
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A 20 year old woman on oral contraceptives developed deep vein thrombosis (DVT of the left leg. If a thrombus were to detach and become emboli trace its path from the left anterior tibial vein to the left external iliac vein:

    A. Small saphenous vein -> Popliteal vein
    B. Posterior tibial vein -> Femoral vein
    C. Great saphenous vein -> Femoral vein
    D. Popliteal vein -> Femoral vein
    D. Popliteal vein -> Femoral vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. This vein is sometimes called the philombotomist’s vein because it is the frequent spot of blood extraction. It is located at the ventral aspect of the bend of the elbow:

    A. Median vein of the forearm
    B. Palmar digital vein
    C. Dorso-metacarpal bein
    D. Median cubital vein
    D. Median cubital vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The thoracic duct enters the posterior mediastinum with the following structures on its right and left respectively

    A. Descending aorta and hemiazygos vein
    B. Hemiazygos vein and descending aorta
    C. Azygos vein and descending aorta
    D. Descending aorta and azygos vein
    C. Azygos vein and descending aorta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. To prevent reflux of lymph, most of the tributaries of the thoracic duct possess:

    A. Muscular fibers in their lamina intima that act as sphincters
    B. Terminal bicuspid valves
    C. Terminal tricuspid valves
    D. Muscular fibers in the lamina propria that act as sphincters
    B. Terminal bicuspid valves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is an INCORRECT pairing of a fetal circulation and its remnant in the adult?

    A. Ductus arteriosus -> Ligamentum arteriosum
    B. Umbilical vein -> round ligament of the liver
    C. Foramen ovale -> Fossa ovalis
    D. Ductus ventosus -> urachus
    D. Ductus ventosus -> urachus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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