Respiratory

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
224659
Filename:
Respiratory
Updated:
2013-06-22 13:39:02
Tags:
Respiratory Exam
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Description:
Med/Surg Respiratory Drugs
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  1. Stimulate beta receptors to dilate bronchioles
    adrenergic bronchodilators
  2. block parasympathetic response, causing bronchodilation
    anticholinergic agents
  3. relax bronchial smooth muscle to dilate airway
    Methylxanthines
  4. Reduce inflammation in airways
    corticoidsteroids
  5. stabilize mast cells to reduce histamine release
    Mast cell stabilizers
  6. liquefy secretions and stimulate coughing
    expectorants
  7. inhibit leukotrienes synthesis or activity, a mediator of inflammation in asthma
    antileukotienes
  8. suppress cough reflex
    antitussives
  9. Singulair
    monitor for elevation of liver enzymes; antileukotrienes
  10. codeine, dextromethorphan
    antitussives
  11. Rescue drugs
    albuterol and atruvent
  12. albuterol
    • bronchodilator; 
    • can cause anxiety, tachycardia
    • use with care with patients with cardiac problems
    • overuse can cause rebound bronchospasm
  13. Atruvent
    • Anticholinergic agent
    • causes dry mouth
    • avoid use with glaucoma patients
  14. theophylline
    • Methylxanthines
    • causes tremor, anxiety, tachycardia
    • can be toxic; must stay within a narrow level
  15. Prednisone
    • corticoidsteroid
    • cause hyperglycemia
    • rinse mouth out following inhaler use

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