ankle/foot

Card Set Information

Author:
kellymcbride
ID:
224690
Filename:
ankle/foot
Updated:
2013-06-22 21:53:12
Tags:
ankle foot
Folders:

Description:
ankle/foot
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kellymcbride on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. foot bones
    • 26 articulating bones in 3 functional units: anterior (forefoot),  middle (midfoot), and posterior (hindfoot)
    • forefoot - five metatarsals, 14 phalanges (toes).
    • midfoot - 5 tarsals bones (navigular, cuboid, 3 cuneiforms
    • hindfoot - talus and calcaneus
    • ANKLE:  distal tibia, medial malleolus, lateral malleolus of fibula
  2. foot/ankle ligaments
    • apx 100 ligaments
    • major ligaments on lat side: anterior and posterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments
    • deltoid ligament complex on medial ankle (tibiocalcaneal, ant and posterior tibiotalar, and tibionavicular)
    • plantar calcaneonavicular ligament (spring)
    • plantar fascia - plantar aponeurosis, strong fibrous tissue provides support for longitudinal arch
    • calcaneal  tendon - Achilles
  3. foot/ankle joints
    • ankle joint is synovial, hinge type
    • subtalar - plane synovial joint between talus and calcaneus
    • tarsometatarsal
    • intermetatarsal
    • metatarsophalangeal
    • interphalangeal
  4. ankle/foot muscles - anterior  and lateral
    • tibialis anterior
    • peroneus tertius
    • extensor digitorum longus
    • extensor hallucis longus
    • ALL ANKLE DORSIFLEXORS
  5. ankle/foot superficial and deep posterior
    • gastrocnemius
    • soleus
    • plantaris
    • ALL PLANTARFLEXORS
  6. ankle/foot injuries
    • muscle strains and cramps,ligament sprains, ankle sprains
    • Achilles rupture
    • plantar fasciitis - chronic pulling on plantar fascia, tight Achilles, hyperpronation (flat feet)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview