Veterinary Dentistry:The Exam

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Author:
heather.dundas
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224739
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Veterinary Dentistry:The Exam
Updated:
2013-06-23 19:59:00
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vti
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vti
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  1. When are pre-op blood work and physical exams done?
    24hrs prior to procedure
  2. An oral exam is limited while the animal is awake and a more complete one can be done while the animal is anesthetized. So why even examine the patient before?
    so that we can give the client a rough estimate
  3. An extraoral exam includes the face, ears, eyes, and neck what is important to note? S,ELN,M
    • symmetry
    • enlarged lymph nodes
    • malocclusion
  4. What is examined in the intraoral exam? ST,P,G,P,P,T,DOC,MT,JM,BS
    • soft tissue appearance
    • periodontium
    • gingiva
    • palate
    • pharynx
    • tongue
    • degree of calculus
    • missing teeth
    • jaw mobility
    • buccal surfaces
  5. Prophylaxis
    cleaning of teeth
  6. What is the IV fluid rate used? Remember everything that should be done to an anesthetized patient as well. Review pg 19 if necessary.
    • 5-10ml/kg/hr
    • or 7.5 avg
  7. Before starting the procedure what two things should be done?
    • check the ET tube cuff inflation
    • rinse mouth with 0.12-0.2% Chlorhexidine
  8. Name the tool:
    Handle with round or flat rectangular working end that ends bluntly marked in increments of mm
    Held with a modified pen grasp
    Kept parallel to the tooth and "walks" around each tooth surface
    • periodontal probe

  9. What does this measure?SD,AL,P,TM,GB
    • The periodontal probe is used to measure:
    • sulcus depth
    • attachment levels
    • pockets
    • tooth mobility
    • gingival bleeding
  10. Name the tool:
    AKA Shepherd's hook
    Slender wirelike working end that tapers to a sharp point
    Held with modified pen grasp
    • Dental Explorer

  11. What is this used for?
    What does it detect?SC,F,PE
    • The dental explorer is used to explore the surface (topography) of each tooth.
    • It detects:
    • subgingival calculus
    • FORL
    • pulp exposure
  12. What does FORL stand for?
    Feline External Odontaclastic Lesions
  13. What is the nonsurgical removal of hard and soft deposits from supragingival surfaces for the purpose of restoring dental teeth.
    Both hand and power instruments are used
    Includes scaling and polishing
    periodontal debridement
  14. What is the primary instrument used for debridement?
    ultrasonic cleaners
  15. Name that tool:
    uses water cooled vibrating tip(cps or Hz)
    Operated by foot pedal
    Held with modified pen grasp
    Applied with light pressure in a sweeping motion
    NEVER AT A 90 DEGREE ANGLE
    • power scaler
  16. Excess heat can lead to pulp damage how long should the power scaler be used on each tooth?
    10-15sec
  17. What must follow power scaling?
    polishing(to remove etches)
  18. Name that tool:
    Used to scale the crown by hand
    pulls away from the gumline
    Used supragingivaly to remove plaque
    sharp with a pointed tip
    • Hand scaler/Sickle scaler
  19. What can also be used to crack large pieces of calculus away from the teeth?
    forceps
  20. Name that tool:
    Used for subgingival scaling and root planing
    Has a rounded tip
    Can be used for hand scaling
    Has a U shaped toe with one sharp side
    • Currette
  21. Final but critical step performed
    Smoothes out surfaces that were scratched during scaling
    Removes some scaling
    Decreases surface area and retards plaque formation
    Polishing
  22. Name that tool:
    Low speed hand piece with a prophy angle is used with a rubber cup that holds paste
    polisher
  23. Polisher machine is set at:
    300 rpm
  24. The polisher can still heat up the pulp so how long should it be on each tooth?
    1-3 sec
  25. The teeth are then rinsed once again with:CSWL
    • 0.12-0.2% chlorhexidine
    • saline
    • water
    • fluoride product
  26. Name the tool:
    Used to elevate root to facilitate extraction and loosen periodontal ligament
  27. Name that tool:
    Used to remove alveolar bone or section multi-rooted teeth prior to extraction
  28. furcation
    space between roots
  29. Double or triple rooted teeth require:
    sectioning with a high speed drill
  30. What should be worn for safety?
    • gloves
    • mask
    • face shield or goggles
  31. Where should the gauze or lap sponge be placed?
    in the back of the patient's throat
  32. During dental prophylaxis with a scaler or drill how long can bacteria reach?
    4 feet
  33. Desensitizes the tooth, strengthens the enamel and provides antimicrobial activity.
    fluoride
  34. Use of a soft bristle brush only along the ginigival margin and in the sulcus directed at a 45 degree angle using a back and forth motion and water only.
    Bass technique
  35. What can instruments be sharpened with?
    Arkansas stone and oil

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