Microbiology - Flashcards - Chapter 8 - Gene Transfer and Genetic Engineering.txt

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Microbiology - Flashcards - Chapter 8 - Gene Transfer and Genetic Engineering.txt
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2013-06-23 14:39:17
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Microbiology Chapter Black Gene Transfer Genetic Engineering
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Microbiology Chapter 8 Black Gene Transfer Genetic Engineering
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  1. Chapter 8
    Review
  2. Genes that are passed on from parent to offspring is an example of ______________.
    vertical gene transfer
  3. Bacterial conjugation is an example of _____________________.
    horizontal gene transfer
  4. In horizontal gene transfer
    genes are passed between bacteria of the same generation
  5. Which type of gene transfer mechanisms increases variation seen in bacteria the most?
  6. What would result in death in Griffith's pneumococcal experiment?
    a mixture of heat killed smooth pneumococci and live rough pneumococci.
  7. The transfer of DNA between bacteria cells by a virus is ______________
    transduction
  8. A lytic viral cycle is usually the result of infection by a ____________.
    virulent phage
  9. A virus which incorporates its DNA into the DNA of its host organism is a _____________________.
    prophage
  10. A phage is a _____________________.
    a virus which can infect bacteria
  11. What is another name for a phage?
    Bacteriophage
  12. What happens earliest in a typical bacteriophage lytic cycle?
    The phage inserts its DNA into the host cell.
  13. A viral cycle which ends with the rupture of the cell and release of new viral particles is called the _________________.
    lytic cycle
  14. What happens during the process of lysogeny?
    A phage integrates into the chromosome of the bacterium
  15. The genetic information needed for a cell to participate in conjugation resides in the DNA of a cell's_______________.
  16. In a culture containing both F- and F+ cells
    what will occur if we wait long enough?
  17. High frequency recombination cells arise when ____________________________.
    A portion of the cell's F plasmid has been incorporated into the bacterial chromosome
  18. The process of conjugation in bacteria requires what?
    There be contact between donor and recipient cells
  19. .
  20. A ________ is a genetic sequence able to move from one location in a chromosome to another.
  21. Removing the cell walls from two different strains of organisms and then allowing the membrane bound cells to combine with one another best describes ______________________.
    protoplast fusion
  22. DNA can be cut at specific sites by using ________________.
    restriction enzymes

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