POLSCI CH 2

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oathkeepr
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POLSCI CH 2
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2013-06-25 16:57:03
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POLSCI125
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Political Science 125 Chapter 2 quiz notecards
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  1. Articles of Confederation were sent to the states for ratification in (1)____, these were the first attempt at a (2)___ American government. It was later decided that the Articles (3)__________ national government too much, and they were (4)________ by the (5)____________.
    • 1. 1777
    • 2. new
    • 3. restricted
    • 4. replaced
    • 5. Constitution
  2. Articles of Confederation...
    Created the (1)_____ national government
    No (2)________ branch; all (3)_____ matters left to (4)______
    The 13 states maintained (5)________
    States had (6)____ power
    Each state could make its own (7)________
    Inability of Congress to (8)____ _____
    Regulate (9)________ among states and with (10)_______ nations
    • 1. first
    • 2. judicial
    • 3. legal
    • 4. states
    • 5. autonomy
    • 6. veto
    • 7. currency
    • 8. levy taxes
    • 9. commerce
    • 10. foreign
  3. Articles of Confederation
    (1)_______ _______ on the goods of other (2)______ and those of other (3)_______
    Protection of (4)_________ against (5)______ ________
    Open Western land to (6)___________ and (7)___________
    (8)________ weakness
    Exercising power in (9)_____ affairs
    The new government owed millions of dollars in (10)___ debts to (11)_______ governments and domestic (12)_________
    • 1.Levying tariffs
    • 2. states
    • 3. nations
    • 4. creditors
    • 5. social upheaval
    • 6. speculation
    • 7. development
    • 8. Military
    • 9. world
    • 10. war
    • 11. foreign
    • 12. creditors
  4. Who were absent among the Framers?
    • Women
    • Black people
    • Indigenous people
    • Small farmers
    • Indentured servents
  5. The (1)__ Framers were (2)____, (3)_____ and (4)____.
    • 1. 55
    • 2. rich
    • 3. white
    • 4. male
  6. The Bill of Rights are the first (1)__ __________ to the (2)____________; they protect individual (3)______ and (4)_________.
    • 1. 10 amendments
    • 2. Constitution
    • 3. rights
    • 4. liberties
  7. Federalists were those at the Constitutional Convention who favored a strong (1)________ government and a system of (2)_________ ______.
    • 1. national
    • 2. separated powers
  8. Anti-Federalists are those of the Constitutional Convention who favored strong (1)_____ governments and (2)______ that a strong (3)________ government would be a threat to (4)__________ rights
    • 1. state
    • 2. feared
    • 3. national
    • 4. individual
  9. Great Compromise is also known as...
    Connecticut Compromise
  10. The Great Compromise is a compromise between the (1)_____ and (2)_____ states, proposed by (3)___________, in which Congress would have two houses: a (4)______ with (5)___ legislators per (6)_____ and a (7)_____ __ _______________ in which each (8)_____'_ representation would be based on (9)__________.
    • 1. large
    • 2. small
    • 3. Connecticut
    • 4. Senate
    • 5. two
    • 6. state
    • 7. House of Representatives
    • 8. state's
    • 9. population
  11. Judicial Review is the Supreme Court's power to strike down a (1)___ or (2)_________ branch (3)______ that it finds (4)________________
    • 1. law
    • 2. executive
    • 3. action
    • 4. unconstitutional
  12. limited government
    government could not infringe upon the liberty and property rights of the people
  13. The U.S. political system is based on (1)___________ __________ (make poverty more bearable for individuals); there was no support for (2)________ __________ (addressing the fundamental causes of poverty and other social issues)
    • 1. alleviative strategies
    • 2. curative strategies
  14. Pluralism is the idea that having a variety of (1)_______ and (2)_________ within a government will (3)__________ the system, ensuring that no group possesses (4)_____ control
    • 1. parties
    • 2. interests
    • 3. strengthen
    • 4. total
  15. Republican democracy is a form of government in which the (1)_________ of the people are represented through (2)_______ _______.
    • 1. interests
    • 2. elected leaders
  16. Republicanism as understood by (1)_____ _______ and the (2)_______ is that the belief that a form of government in which the (3)_________ of (4)___ ______ are (5)___________ through (6)_______ leaders is the best form of government.
    • 1. James Madison
    • 2. framers
    • 3. interests
    • 4. the people
    • 5. represented
    • 6. elected
  17. Three-fifths Compromise
    a black slave was counted as 3/5 of a person for the purposes determining the number of House members and the distribution of taxes
  18. Political equality is a concept in which each person has the (1)_____ to participate in politics on (2)_____ terms.
    • 1. right
    • 2. equal
  19. Incrementalism is the (1)________ style of (2)________ ______ in which changes are implemented (3)_________ or in (4)_____ _____.
    • 1. cautious
    • 2. decision making
    • 3. gradually
    • 4. small steps
  20. plutocracy
    a system/society where rich rule
  21. Plutocracy is also known as (1)_________.
    oligarchy
  22. kleptocracy
    The use of corruption for profit.
  23. pigmentocracy
    • heirarchy of race
    • whites at top
  24. Separation of powers is the (1)________ of (2)____________ across (3)_____ branches: (4)___________ [(5)________,], (6)_________ [(7)_________,], and (8)________ [(9)__ _______ _____]
    • 1. division
    • 2. power
    • 3. three
    • 4. legislative
    • 5. Congress
    • 6. executive
    • 7. President
    • 8. judicial
    • 9. U.S. Supreme Court
  25. Checks and balances is the (1)______ in which each of the (2)_____ branches: (3)___________ [(4)________], (5)_________ [(6)_________), and (7)________ [(8)__ _______ _____] have some (9)_____ over the others
    • 1. system
    • 2. three
    • 3. legislative
    • 4. Congress
    • 5. executive
    • 6. President
    • 7. judicial
    • 8. U.S. Supreme Court
    • 9. power
  26. Factions are groups of (1)___________ people who attempt to (2)_________ the government
    • 1. like-minded
    • 2. influence
  27. Alleviative strategies are strategies that (1)__ ___ deal with the (2)__________ problem.
    Examples are...
    • 1. do not
    • 2. underlying
    • unemployment checks
    • food banks
  28. Curative Strategies are strategies that (1)____ with the (2)__________  problem.
    • 1. deal
    • 2. underlying
  29. Equality of opportunity is the concept that all persons regardless of (1)______ _____, (2)___, (3)____, or (4)______ should have equal rights to (5)_______ for and attain sought-after positions in society.
    • 1. social class
    • 2. age
    • 3. race
    • 4. gender
    • 5. compete
  30. Leveling is also known as (1)________ ________.
    1. absolute equality
  31. Leveling is the (1)______________ of all (2)________ resources and assets to support (3)________ equality.
    • 1. redistribution
    • 2. societal
    • 3. material
  32. Elitism is the belief that society should be (1)________ by a (2)______ group of (3)______ and (4)______ ________ individuals.
    • 1. governed
    • 2. select
    • 3. gifted
    • 4. highly educated
  33. "Consent of the governed" is a (1)________ theory wherein a government's (2)__________ and (3)_____ right to use (4)_____ power is only (5)_________ and (6)_____ when derived from the (7)______ or (8)_______ over which that (9)_________ power is exercised.
    • 1. political
    • 2. legitimacy
    • 3. moral
    • 4. state
    • 5. justified
    • 6. legal
    • 7. people
    • 8. society
    • 9. political
  34. How did the U.S. protect slavery?
    • A black person was counted a 3/5 of a person for population purposes
    • Slave owning states would not ratify without this article
    • If a slave ran away from the South to the North, they would have to be sent back to their slave master
  35. Separation of Powers - How is it dispersed amongst the elites? (Executive, Congress, Judicial)
    • The Electoral College actually elects the President.
    • The House of Representatives members are elected by popular vote (congressional district).
    • The U.S. Supreme Court is appointed by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.
  36. How does the separation of powers dispersed amongst the elites? (Executive, Congress and Judicial)
    • Executive can veto a bill before it becomes a law.
    • Congress has the power to impeach the president.
    • In the United States Senate, a filibuster is an obstructive tactic in the U.S. Senate  used to prevent a measure from being brought to a vote.
    • Judicial review is the doctrine under which legislative and executive actions are subject to review and possible invalidation by the Supreme Court Justices

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