Medical Terminology Ch. 11

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Medical Terminology Ch. 11
2013-06-24 22:51:11
Medical Terminology 11 Reproductive System Foothill AHS200

Quick and Easy Medical Terminology by Peggy C. Leonard, Foothill AHS 200, Ch.11: Reproductive System
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  1. gynecology
    the study of diseases of the female reproductive organs; specialist = gynecologist
  2. cervic/o
  3. colp.o, vagin/o
  4. gynec/o
  5. hyster/o, uter/o
  6. metr/o
    uterine tissue
  7. oophor/o, ovar/o
  8. salping/o
    uterine tube(s), fallopian tube(s)
  9. vulv/o
    vulva (external genitalia)
  10. -cidal
  11. genit/o
  12. gonad/o
    genitals or reproduction
  13. men/o
  14. -plasia
    development or formation
  15. fallopian tube(s), oviduct(s)
    tubes that transport the ova to the uterus
  16. vagina / birth canal
    receives the sperm during intercourse
  17. fetus
    after first 8 weeks during in utero time, until birth
  18. cervix uteri / cervix
    lowermost cylindrical part of the uterus, lower opening to the vagina
  19. endometrium
    tissue forming the lining of the uterus
  20. myometrium
    thick muscular tissue of the uterus
  21. perimetrium
    membrane that surrounds the uterus
  22. Estrogen and Progesterone
    hormones responsible for the development and maintenance of secondary sexual characteristics, preparation of the uterus for pregnancy and development of the mammary glands
  23. Fallopian tube / Uterine tube / Oviduct
  24. Uterine fundus
    • 1. Perimetrium
    • 2. Myometrium
    • 3. Endometrium
  25. Cervix
  26. broad ligament
  27. Body of Uterus
  28. Fimbriae
  29. Menstruation
    discharge of a bloody fluid from the uterus at fairly regular intervals during female puberty to menopause
  30. menopause / climacteric
    the end of a woman's reproductive period
  31. menstruation / menses
    the sloughing off of endometrium
  32. amenorrhea
    absence of menstrual flow when it is normally expected
  33. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
  34. menorrhagia
    excessive flow during menstruation
  35. metorrhagia
    bleeding from the uterus at any time other than during the menstrual period
  36. cystocele
    herniation or protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina
  37. endometriosis
    uterine tissue condition in which tissue that somewhat resembles the endometrium is found abnormally in various locations in the pelvis
  38. endometritis
    inflammation of the endometrium
  39. fistula
    abnormal, tubelike passage between two internal organs or between and internal organ and the body surface
  40. hysteroptosis
    prolapse (sagging) of the uterus
  41. myoma
    common benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle
  42. Vaginal Fistulas
    abnormal openings between the vagina and the bladder, rectum and urethra
  43. oophoritis
    inflammation of an ovary
  44. oophorosalpingitis
    inflammation of an ovary and its uterine tube
  45. ovarian carcinoma
    cancer of an ovary, a malignancy that is rarely detected in the early stage and is usually far advanced when detected
  46. ovarian cyst
    sac filled with fluid or semisolid material that develops in or on the ovary and is usually benign
  47. PID
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, infection of the upper genital organs beyond the cervix
  48. salpingitis
    inflammation of a uterine tube
  49. uterine fibroid
    the most common benign tumor occurring within the uterus, may cause general enlargement of the lower abdomen
  50. IVF
    In Vitro Fertilization, a method of fertilizing the ova outside the body  by collecting mature ova and placing them in a dish with spermatozoa before placing them in the uterus for implantation
  51. D&C
    surgical procedure that expands the cervical opening (dilation or dilatation) so that the uterine wall can be scraped (curettage); a "pap smear"
  52. endometrial ablation
    destruction of a thin wall of the uterus to stop heavy menstrual bleeding
  53. hysterectomy
    surgical removal of the uterus
  54. oophorectomy
    surgical removal of one or both ovaries
  55. salpingectomy
    surgical removal of a uterine tube
  56. salpingo-oophorectomy
    surgical removal of an ovary and uterine tube
  57. tube ligation
    sterilization by surgically binding or crushing the uterine tubes (ligation means tying or binding)
  58. Fertilization
    union of an ovum and a sperm
  59. HCG
    Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, the "pregnancy hormone"
  60. Name Structure A
    Umbilical cord
  61. Name Structure B
    Yolk Sac
  62. Name Structure C
  63. Name Structure D
    Amnion, innermost membrane of the developing embryo
  64. Name Structure E
  65. Name Structure F
    amniotic fluid
  66. Name Structure G
  67. Name Structure H 
  68. ultrasound
    produces an image of a developing fetus
  69. amni/o
    amnion (fetal membrane)
  70. fet/o
  71. nat/i
  72. par/o
    to bear offspring
  73. -para, PI/P1
    a woman who has given birth, first pregnancy
  74. prenatal
    occurring before birth
  75. postnatal
    occurring after birth
  76. neonate
    newborn infant up to 6 weeks
  77. obstetrics
    the branch of medicine specializing in the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth
  78. antepartum
    before childbirth
  79. postpartum
    after childbirth
  80. nullipara
    a woman who has never had a viable birth
  81. gravida I/1, GI/G1
    a woman who is pregnant for the first time, first pregnancy
  82. amnion
    innermost membrane surrounding the developing fetus
  83. amniocentesis
    puncture of the amniotic sac to remove the amniotic fluid that is studied to test for genetic disorders or abnormalities
  84. cesarean section, "C-section"
    incision of the walls of the abdomen and uterus for delivery of a fetus
  85. Down Syndrome
    congenital condition characterized by mild to severe mental retardation caused by a genetic abnormality due to the presence of 3 copies of chromosome 21
  86. placenta previa
    abnormal implantation of the placenta in the uterus so that it impinges or covers the opening at the upper end of the cervix
  87. lumpectomy
    removal of a lump or tumor in the breast
  88. mastectomy
    removal of entire breast
  89. mastitis
    inflammation of breast tissue
  90. testis
    male gonads, produces sperm
  91. epididymis
    where sperm are stored after they are produced by the testis
  92. vas deferns / ductus deferens
    tube that begins at the epididymis, continues upward into the abdominal cavity, joins a duct from the seminal vesicle and passes through the  prostate gland
  93. testosterone
    male hormone
  94. BPH
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia; nonmalignant, noninflammatory enlargement of the protstate, common among men over 50
  95. cryptorchidism
    undescended testicles, failure of testicles to descend into the scrotum before birth
  96. hydrocele
    accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity
  97. orchiditis / orchitis
    inflammation of a testis
  98. prostatic carcinoma
    slowly progressing cancer of the prostate; detectable by a PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test and rectal examination
  99. testicular cancer
    malignant neoplastic (abnormal growth of a tissue) disease of the testes
  100. testicular torsion
    twisted spermatic cord
  101. circumcision
    surgical removal of the end of the foreskin that covers the head of the penis
  102. orchidectomy
    surgical removal of a testicle
  103. orchidoplasty
    plastic surgery of a testicle; surgery performed to correct a testicle that has not properly descended into the scrotum
  104. prostatectomy
    removal of all or part of the prostate
  105. vasectomy
    removal of all or part of the vas deferns
  106. BSO
    Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy
  107. Cx
  108. EDC
    expected date of confinement (delivery / due date)
  109. EDD
    expected delivery date
  110. FHR
    fetal heart rate
  111. G
    gravida (pregnant)
  112. GU
  113. GYN
  114. HIV
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  115. LMP
    last menstrual period
  116. NB
  117. OB
  118. pap
    papanicolaou smear, stain or test (for cervical cancer)
  119. STD
    Sexually Transmitted Disease
  120. TAH
    Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
  121. VDRL
    Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (test for syphilis)
  122. HRT
    Hormone Replacement Therapy
  123. IUD
    intrauterine device
  124. OC
    oral contraceptive
  125. VD
    venereal disease