Ethics

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Author:
megxcorkie
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22492
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Ethics
Updated:
2010-06-07 17:56:32
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Ethics test
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Ethics Summer 2010
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  1. Psychologists claim that a child must develop a sense of valves by the age of 7 in order to become an adult with a conscience.


    True
    False
    True
  2. The study of a moral center in the brain claims that a mapping of the moral center can tell us whether one moral answer is better than another.


    True
    False
    False
  3. The study of ethics is an exclusively Western phenomenon.


    True
    False
    False
  4. The proverb "It takes a village to raise a child" originated in the American Indian tradition.


    True
    False
    False
  5. "Morality" usually refers to theories about the moral rules we follow.


    True
    False
    False
  6. There is common agreement among ethicists that it is not possible for an atheist to have morals.


    True
    False
    False
  7. A nonmoral value never refers to something as being good or bad, or right or wrong.


    True
    False
    False
  8. An inductive argument is a conclusion based on gathering of evidence, but you can't be certain that the conclusion is true.


    True
    False
    True
  9. The logical fallacy of using threats is called the ad baculum fallacy.


    True
    False
    True
  10. The logical fallacy of begging the question makes the assumption that what you're trying to prove is a fact.


    True
    False
    True
  11. The logical fallacy of bifurcation makes the assumption that what you're trying to prove is a fact.


    True
    False
    False
  12. The logical fallacy of a slippery slope assumes that drastic consequences will follow a certain policy.


    True
    False
    True
  13. The Russian author IIya Ehrenburg read the diary of a young girl during World War II and became convinced that the Russians won the war because they kept meticulous diaries.

    True
    False
    False
  14. In Bradbury's story Fahrenheit 451, a group of book lovers memorize banned books of world literature, and each becomes a living book


    True
    False
    True
  15. Martha Nussbaum agrees with most of the philosophical tradition when she says that emotions have no cognitive value


    True
    False
    False
  16. For Nussbaum, we understand ourselves and our emotions best through narratives.


    True
    False
    True
  17. For Nussbaum, it is inevitable that since narratives reflect the values of society narratives deprive people of their moral autonomy.


    True
    False
    False
  18. According to Nussbaum, when we experience the emotions of disgust and shame, we are establishing the environment of "Us vs. Then."


    True
    False
    True
  19. In the film Smoke Signals. Thomas, the storyteller, undertakes a sad journey to collect his father's ashes in Wyoming.


    True
    False
    False
  20. Which logical fallacy makes the assumption that what you're trying to prove is a fact?

    A. begging the question
    B. bifurcation
    C. ad baculum
    D. ad hominem
    A. begging the question
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which one of these answers to the question "Why are there moral rulers?" is NOT in Chapter 1?

    A. Moral rules come from God/the gods
    B. Moral rules originate in human reason
    C. Moral rules are dictated by the economy
    D. Moral rules derive from the fear of being caught
    C. Moral rules are dictated by the economy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The fallacy of ad miserecordiam commonly appeals to:

    A. the belied the concept is so bizarre, it couldn't possibly be believed
    B. pity for the individual
    C. the assumption that what you are trying to prove is a fact
    D. the concept that drastic consequences will follow a miserable policy
    B. pity for the individual
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. IIya Ehrenburg says good stories can help people survive great hardships. What kind of hardship was he specifically referring to?

    A. a grave illness
    B. a wartime situation
    C. the loss of a loved one due to violence
    D. terrorism
    B. a wartime situation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The moral of "The Boy Who Cried Wolf" is that you should never lie, because sooner or later people aren't going to believe you anymore, even when you tell the truth


    True
    False
    True
  25. The criminal justice system has recently begun to experiment with sentencing convicted offenders to reading books and watching films in order to teach them moral responsibility.

    True
    False
    True
  26. There is a sharp distinction between factual and fictional stories


    True
    False
    False
  27. Kierkegaard believed that Abraham's obedience to God was not an example of ordinary morality, but required a leap of faith


    True
    False
    True
  28. The science fiction genre sometimes referred to as "cyberpunk" contains visions of a dark and frightening future.


    True
    False
    True
  29. We can learn moral lessons from morally good people, but not from morally flawed people


    True
    False
    False
  30. If one is opposed to war, one can find no moral lessons in war stories


    True
    False
    False
  31. Aristotle viewed art as dangerous because it fans violent emotions


    True
    False
    False
  32. As a young adult, Oedipus is told that he is destined to kill his father and marry his mother


    True
    False
    True
  33. Aristotle believed that a good tragedy doesn't have to rely on what we today would call special effects


    True
    False
    True
  34. Rosenstand suggests that children need to be taught by their parents to process stories so that they will know the difference between fact and fiction


    True
    False
    True
  35. Rosenstand suggests that stories are to be seen as moral laboratories where we can explore the consequences of actions


    True
    False
    True
  36. Tristine Rainer believes that everyone is naturally good at telling their own story; it is a skill nobody has to learn


    True
    False
    False
  37. Plato warns against the dangers of letting one's emotions run free when watching a tragedy, but he also warns against laughing when watching a comedy.

    True
    False
    False
  38. There are four common viewpoints to the issue of Hollywood and violent films mentioned in the text. Find the one that shouldn't be on the list.

    A. Hollywood should create more films in nonviolent categories, such as family movies
    B. Hollywood should impose strict family values on its productions
    C. Hollywood is supplying a valuable social service, because we all need to watch violent films now and again
    D. Hollywood is just responding to viewer demands
    C. Hollywood is supplying a valuable social service, because we all need to watch violent films now and again
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The moral message of gruesome fairy tales may be the following:

    A. Only evil people have evil things happen to them
    B. Evil can be dealt with if we have fortitude
    C. Evil is a continuous presence to which we sooner or latter fall victim
    D. Nothing is so bad that something good doesn't result from it
    B. Evil can be dealt with if we have fortitude
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What is a parable?

    A. a concept from mathematics, describing a curve
    B. the same as a fairy tale
    C. an allegorical story for adults
    D. a story with two parallel endings
    C. an allegorical story for adults
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Why did the father of the prodigal son celebrate his homecoming?

    A. The father was hoping that the son would help around the farm
    B. The father had given him up for lost
    C. He had been away for thirty years
    D. He brought his new wife with him
    B. The father had given him up for lost
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. There are many ways to use narratives to explore ethics. Chapter 2 mentions several ways. Which one shouldn't be on the list?

    A. Many medical students are exposed to literature and film about persons with illnesses in order to have a better understanding of their patients
    B. Many psychologists are using bibliotherapy to help children cope with difficult experiences
    C. Some judges are sentencing offenders to reading books and watching films in order to make them understand moral responsibility
    D. Many philosophy students are now reading stories about persons seeking the meaning of life in order to facilitate their own search for meaning
    D. Many philosophy students are now reading stories about persons seeking the meaning of life in order to facilitate their own search for meaning
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. What does it mean that we are temporal creatures?

    A. We are only on this earth for a short time, and then we are gone forever.
    B. We have a hard time controlling our emotions; we are temperamental
    C. We are endowed with temporal lobes
    D. We understand that we live in time; We remember the past and anticipate the future
    D. We understand that we live in time; We remember the past and anticipate the future
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Chapter 2 mentions three key features connected with the undertaking of telling one's own story. Which one shouldn't be on the list?

    A. The story is always true
    B. The story is incomplete
    C. The story is selective
    D. The story is to some extent fictional
    A. The story is always true
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. What is Narrative Time?

    A. the time period in which a historical or contemporary novel is set
    B. the time it takes to tell a story
    C. the age of oral storytelling before writing was invented
    D. the compressed time experience of a novel or a film
    D. the compressed time experience of a novel or a film
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Some cultures feel that it is their moral duty to dispose of their seniors when they become unproductive.


    True
    False
    True
  47. Hard universalism is the theory that we are each entitled to our own moral opinion and that there is no universal moral code.


    True
    False
    False
  48. The moral nihilist believes that deep down all people have some values in common.


    True
    False
    False
  49. A good way to test a moral theory is to examine its capacity for solving problems.


    True
    False
    True
  50. Cultural relativism describes how customs differ from culture to culture


    True
    False
    False
  51. Ethical relativism is a normative theory.


    True
    False
    True
  52. A normative ethical theory involves a moral judgment, evaluation, or justification.


    True
    False
    True
  53. Benedict's conclusion is that a certain behavior may be normal for a culture, but that doesn't mean it is morally right.


    True
    False
    False
  54. Benedict is saying that morality is culturally defined.


    True
    False
    True
  55. Ethical relativism cannot make a claim to tolerance being universally good if all values are culture-relative.


    True
    False
    True
  56. One of the arguments against ethical relativism says that the theory cannot distinguish between the actual morality and the professed morality of a culture.

    True
    False
    True
  57. Inclusive multiculturalism is also sometimes known as multicultural pluralism.


    True
    False
    True
  58. Soft universalism claims there are some underlying values all cultures can agree on


    True
    False
    True
  59. In the primary readings, Benedict refers to a Melanesian culture that has developed paranoia into being the culturally accepted norm.


    True
    False
    True
  60. Parekh argues in favor of monocultural education on the ground that it facilitates cultural sensitivity.


    True
    False
    False
  61. In Walker's narrative Possessing the Secret of Joy, the tribal practice of female circumcision is strongly condemned.


    True
    False
    True
  62. In Slideshow, Nela and Bertram are lovers who have to flee a culture that finds their love morally indecent.


    True
    False
    False
  63. In Slideshow, the Enforcer Fringe begins to doubt the value of the cultural diversity she is hired to enforce.


    True
    False
    True
  64. In the film Do the Right Thing, Mookie's life is saved by a black police officer.


    True
    False
    False
  65. In Do the Right Thing, the Korean store owner claims to be black.


    True
    False
    True
  66. What do the three theories of moral nihilism, moral skepticism, and moral subjectivism have in common, aside from their rejection of universal moral values?

    A. They have poor problem-solving capacities
    B. The are sexist
    C. They are typically selfish theories
    D. They have nothing else in common
    A. They have poor problem-solving capacities
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. What do moral subjectivism and ethical relativism have in common?

    A. They have nothing in common
    B. They both imply majority rule
    C. The view that moral values are relative
    D. Their excellent problem-solving capacities
    C. The view that moral values are relative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Why is the problem of induction a problem for ethical relativism?

    A. because very few people understand the problem of induction
    B. because we can never know for certain when we have accumulated enough material to make a theory
    C. because we should be using the method of deduction, not induction
    D. because it induces people to think for themselves
    B. because we can never know for certain when we have accumulated enough material to make a theory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Which one of these four arguments is not one of the main arguments against ethical relativism?

    A. Ethical relativism is blasphemous, so it should be prohibited
    B. We can neither condemn nor praise other cultures
    C. It is hard to determine what might constitute a morally autonomous culture
    D. Ethical relativism forces us to bow to majority rule
    A. Ethical relativism is blasphemous, so it should be prohibited
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. What is an ad hominem argument?

    A. an argument that is valid for only one particular set of circumstances
    B. an argument devised by men, for men, to the exclusion of women
    C. a logical fallacy claiming that you are right or wrong because of who you are, not because of what you say
    D. a logical fallacy claiming that if A = B, then B = A
    C. a logical fallacy claiming that you are right or wrong because of who you are, not because of what you say
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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