Anatomy Chapter 4

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melissauri
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224921
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Anatomy Chapter 4
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2013-06-26 23:21:27
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Med Terminology
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Med. Terminology
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  1. Diagnosis
    identification of a disease or condition by scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, tests, and procedures.
  2. Prognosis
    predicted outcome of a disease
  3. Acute
    having a short and relatively severe course

    opposite is chronic
  4. Chronic
    meaning that the disease exists over a long time.
  5. Signs
    are objective, or definitive, evidence of an illness or disordered function that are perceived by an examiner, such as fever, a rash, or evidence established by radiologic or laboratory testing.
  6. symptoms
    are subjective evidence as perceived by the patient , such as pain.
  7. specimen
    a small sample or part taken from the body to represent the nature of the whole.
  8. pulse
    rhythmic expansion of an artery that occurs as the heart beats
  9. 60 to 100 beats per minute
    a normal pulse rate in a resting state
  10. respiration
    refers either to the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the body, or to breathing.
  11. tympanic thermometer
    an electronic instrument that measures body temperature by pacing the probe at the opening of the external ear.
  12. blood pressure
    the pressure exerted by the circulating volume of blood on the walls of the arteries and veins and on the chambers of the heart.
  13. systolic pressure
    higher reading
  14. diastolic pressure
    lower reading
  15. inspection
    the examiner uses the eyes and ears to observe and listen to the patient. Inspection could reveal superficial abnormalities, such as a rash.
  16. palpation
    the examiner feels the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts with the hands.
  17. percussion
    the examiner taps the body with the fingertips or fist to evaluate the size, borders, and consistency of internal organs and to determine the amount of fluid in a body cavity.
  18. auscultation
    the examiner listens for sounds within the body to evaluate the heart, blood vessels, lungs, intestines, or other organs, or to detect the fetal heart sound. Performed most frequently with a stethoscope.
  19. stethoscope
    an instrument consisting of two earpieces connected by flexible tubing, the diaphragm is placed against the patient's skin to hear sounds within the body.
  20. a record
    -gram
  21. instrument for recording
    -graph
  22. instrument used in a visual examination
    -scope
  23. instrument used to measure
    -meter
  24. process of measuring
    -metry
  25. process of recording
    -graphy
  26. visual examination wth a lighted instrument
    -scopy
  27. endo+scope
    an illuminated instrument for the visualization of the interior of a body cavity or organ.
  28. endoscopy
    the visual inspection of the body by means of an endoscope
  29. endoscopic
    means pertaining to endoscopy or performed using an endoscope
  30. catheter
    is a hollow flexible tube that can be inserted into a cavity of the body to withdraw or instill fluids, perform tests, or visualize a vessel or cavity.
  31. catheterization
    the introduction of a catheter
  32. cannula
    is also used to mean a hollow flexible tube that is inserted into vessels or cavities.
  33. invasive procedure
    requires entry of a body cavity
  34. computed radiography
    the image data are digitized and immediately displayed on a monitor or recorded on film.
  35. sound
    ech/o, son/o
  36. electricity
    electr/o
  37. emitting or reflecting light
    fluor/o
  38. radiant energy
    radi/o
  39. to cut
    tom/o
  40. excessive
    ultra-
  41. radiopaque
    substances that do not permit the passage of x-rays
  42. radiolucent
    describes substances that readily permit the passage of x-rays
  43. sonography also called
    echography
  44. computed tomography
    uses ionizing radiation to produce a detailed image of a crosss section of tissue, similar to what one would see if the body or body part were actually cut into sections.
  45. tomogram
    record produced by a CT scan
  46. Magnetic resonance imaging
    creates images of internal structures based on the magnetic properties of chemical elements within the body and uses a powerful magnetic field and radiowave pulses rather than ionizing radiation such as x-ray
  47. ultrasonography
    sonography is the process of imaging deep structures of the body by sending and receiving high frequency sound waves that are reflected back as echoes from tissue interfaces.
  48. sonogram
    echogram
    record produced in sonography
  49. fluoroscopy
    visual examination of an internal organ using a fluoroscope. This technique offers continuous imaging of the motion of internal structures and immediate serial images, such as during surgery.
  50. Pharmaceuticals
    medicinal drugs
  51. Positron emission tomography (PET)
    combines tomography and radioactive substances to produce enhanced images of selected body structures, especially the heart, blood vessels, and the brain.
  52. radiotherapy
    the treatment of tumors using radiation to destroy cancer cells.

    also called radiation oncology
  53. algesi/o
    sensitivity to pain
  54. chemical
    chem/o
  55. drugs or medicine
    pharmac/o, pharmaceut/i
  56. plast/o
    rapair
  57. treatment
    therapeut/o
  58. poison
    tox/o
  59. -therapy
    treatment

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