POLSCI 125 Quiz 2

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oathkeepr
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224938
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POLSCI 125 Quiz 2
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2013-07-21 15:39:06
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POLSCI125
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Political Science chapter 3 and 5 notecards
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  1. Federalism is the (1)________ of (2)_____ across the (3)_____, (4)_____, and (5)________ governments.
    • 1. division
    • 2. power
    • 3. local
    • 4. state
    • 5. national
  2. Sovereign power is the (1)________ and (2)_____ government each have some (3)______ of (4)_________ and (5)________.
    • 1. national
    • 2. state
    • 3. degree
    • 4. authority
    • 5. autonomy.
  3. Concurrent powers are responsible for particular (1)______ _____, such as (2)____________, that are (3)______ by (4)_______, (5)_____, and (6)_____ governments.
    • 1. policy areas
    • 2. transportation
    • 3. shared
    • 4. federal
    • 5. state
    • 6. local
  4. Concurrent powers are collected (1)_____ that are used to build (2)_____, borrow (3)_____, establish (4)_____, provide public (5)______, charter (6)______ and (7)____________, allocate (8)_____ for the general (9)_________.
    • 1. taxes
    • 2. roads
    • 3. money
    • 4. courts
    • 5. safety
    • 6. banks
    • 7. corporations
    • 8. money
    • 9. welfare
  5. States’ rights is the (1)____ that (2)______ are (3)________ to a certain amount of (4)____-__________, free of (5)_______ government (6)____________.
    • 1. idea
    • 2. states
    • 3. entitled
    • 4. self-government
    • 5. federal
    • 6. intervention
  6. Coercive federalism is a (1)____ of (2)__________ in which the (3)_______ government pressures the (4)______ to change their policies by using (5)___________, (6)________, and (7)__________ [often involving (8)_______ to withdraw (9)_______ _______].
    • 1. form
    • 2. federalism
    • 3. federal
    • 4. states
    • 5. regulations
    • 6. mandates
    • 7. conditions
    • 8. threats
    • 9. federal funding
  7. Advantages of the Federal System...
    Permits (1)________ and (2)________ of (3)_____.
    • 1. diversity
    • 2. diffusion
    • 3. power
  8. Advantages of the Federal System...
    Local (1)___________ can handle local (2)________ (3)_______.
    • 1. governments
    • 2. problems
    • 3. better
  9. Advantages of the Federal System...
    More (1)______ points for political (2)____________.
    • 1. access
    • 2. participation.
  10. Advantages of the Federal System...
    Protects (1)_________ rights against (2)____________ government power.
    • 1. individual
    • 2. concentrated
  11. Advantages of the Federal System...
    Fosters (1)_______________ and (2)__________
    • 1. experimentation
    • 2. innovation
  12. Advantages of the Federal System...
    Suits a (1)_____ country with a (2)_______ population.
    • 1. large
    • 2. diverse
  13. Disadvantages of the Federal System...
    Makes (1)________ unity (2)_________ to (3)_______ and (4)________
    • 1. national
    • 2. difficult
    • 3. achieve
    • 4. maintain
  14. Disadvantages of the Federal System...
    (1)_____ governments may (2)______ (3)________ policies
    • 1. State
    • 2. resist
    • 3. national
  15. Disadvantages of the Federal System...
    May permit economic (1)_________ and (2)______ discrimination
    • 1. inequality
    • 2. racial
  16. Disadvantages of the Federal System...
    Law (1)___________ and (2)_______ are (3)______
    • 1. enforcement
    • 2. justice
    • 3. uneven
  17. Disadvantages of the Federal System...
    (1)_______ units may lack (2)_________ and (3)_____
    • 1. Smaller
    • 2. expertise
    • 3. money
  18. Disadvantages of the Federal System...
    May (1)_______ local (2)_________ by (3)_______ _________
    • 1. promote
    • 2. dominance
    • 3. special interests
  19. 10th Amendment is the (1)____ part of the (2)____ __ ______
    • 1. last
    • 2. Bill of Rights
  20. The meaning of the 10th Amendment is that the (1)______ have legal (2)_________ over anything not (3)_______ to the
    (4)_______ government or specifically (5)________ from the states. Whatever
    (6)______ aren't (7)_______ by the (8)_______ or (9)_____ governments are (10)________
    for the people.
    • 1. states
    • 2. authority
    • 3. assigned
    • 4. federal
    • 5. withheld
    • 6. powers
    • 7. claimed
    • 8. federal
    • 9. state
    • 10. leftover
  21. National supremacy clause...
    Article (1)__ of the (2)____________ mandates that (3)_______ by the (4)_______ government are (5)_______.
    • 1. VI
    • 2. Constitution
    • 3. actions
    • 4. national
    • 5. supreme
  22. National Supremacy clause...
    Any (1)________ between a (2)_________ action of the (3)________ government and a (4)_____ will be (5)________ in favor of the (6)________ government.
    • 1. conflict
    • 2. legitimate
    • 3. national
    • 4. state
    • 5. resolved
    • 6. national
  23. What are the 3 Civil War Amendments and what do they mean?
    • 13th - abolish slavery
    • 14th - defines citizenship, state cannot deny equal protection of the law to anyone
    • 15th - grants voting rights regardless of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  24. The 15th Amendment did not include...
    women.

    Women were included in the 19th Amendment.
  25. Federal Communications Commission was authorized by (1)___ _______________ ___ __ ____.
    1. The Communications Act of 1934
  26. Federal Communications Commission was created to (1)_______ American (2)_____ ________ and later expanded to (3)__________, (4)________ _____________ ____________, and (5)_________ _____
    • 1. regulate
    • 2. radio stations
    • 3. television
    • 4. wireless communications technologies
    • 5. broadcast media
  27. Concentration is the (1)_____ toward (2)______-_______ ownership of several (3)_____ _______ in one area.
    • 1. trend
    • 2. single-company
    • 3. media sources
  28. Fairness Doctrine is an (1)_______ _____________ ____________ regulation requiring (2)________ _____ to present (3)_______ ______ of view to ensure balanced (4)________.
    • 1. Federal Communications Commission
    • 2. broadcast media
    • 3. several points
    • 4. coverage
  29. Cross Ownership is the (1)_____ toward (2)______-_______ ownership of (3)_______ kinds of (4)_____ outlets.
    • 1. trend
    • 2. single-company
    • 3. several
    • 4. media
  30. Media Conglomerates are (1)________ that (2)_______ a (3)_____ number of (4)_____ sources across several types of (5)_____ outlets.
    • 1. companies
    • 2. control
    • 3. large
    • 4. media
    • 5. media
  31. News making decides (1)____ and (2)___ are newsworthy and deserving of (3)_____ ____ and (4)_____.
    • 1. what
    • 2. who
    • 3. media time
    • 4. space
  32. Hard News includes (1)____ and (2)____.
    Soft News includes stories about (3)___________.
    • 1. facts
    • 2. data
    • 3. celebrities
  33. When watching the 6 o'clock news with an air-time of 30 minutes, how much time is the show actually on-air?
    How much time is given to a "breaking news" story?
    • 23 minutes.
    • 90 seconds.
  34. What is an example of media bias?
    • Corporate/white collar crime is largely unreported (ie. laundering)
    • Usually the news will feature stories concerning street crimes.
  35. Filtering is the (1)_____ of a story - a way to put it into (2)_______ and (3)_________ about its meaning; providing the masses with (4)___________ and meaning for (5)______, (6)______ and (7)_____________
    • 1. angle
    • 2. context
    • 3. speculate
    • 4. explanations
    • 5. events
    • 6. issues
    • 7. personalities
  36. An example of filtering is...
    • the case with Edward Snowden being made to appear as the bad guy and traitor.
    • Some other points of view are that people see him as a patriot while others just believe he broke the law.
  37. Socialization...
    Teaches the (1)____ _________ the (2)_____'s preferred political (3)_____ and (4)______ through both (5)____ and (6)_____________ programming
    • 1. mass audiences
    • 2. elite's
    • 3. norms
    • 4. values
    • 5. news
    • 6. entertainment
  38. Socialization has to do with (1)____ _______.
    1. mass culture.
  39. Socialization - System legitimacy is the belief that the (1)_______'s political system and its (2)___________ deserve (3)__________, (4)__________ or (5)________.
    • 1. country's
    • 2. institution
    • 3. allegiance
    • 4. indifference
    • 5. hostility
  40. Socialization - Political efficacy is the (1)______ that one's political (2)________ can be (3)_________.
    • 1. belief
    • 2. behavior
    • 3. effective
  41. Socialization - Political participation is the (1)______ that (2)___ should participate in politics.
    • 1. belief
    • 2. one
  42. Socialization - Partisan identification is identifying oneself with a particular (1)________ _____.
    1. political party
  43. Socialization - Group identification is identifying oneself with (1)_______ groups in (2)_______.
    • 1. various
    • 2. society
  44. Socialization - Policy preferences is the inclination to (1)_____ or (2)_______ some policy positions and (3)______ others.
    • 1. adopt
    • 2. support
    • 3. oppose
  45. Persuasion occurs when (1)___________, (2)__________, (3)_______ _______ and (4)___________ make deliberate attempts to affect (5)_______'s _______, (6)________ or (7)_______.
    • 1. governments
    • 2. corporations
    • 3. political parties
    • 4. candidates
    • 5. people's beliefs
    • 6. attitude
    • 7. behavior
  46. Persuasion is used by (1)_________ __________ to ask (2)__________ to buy products but to also (3)________ that they are (4)________ with the (5)____________ and (6)______.
    • 1. corporate advertisers
    • 2. consumers
    • 3. believe
    • 4. concerned
    • 5. environment
    • 6. health
  47. An example of persuasion is...
    Chevron. Protecting their image and money by showing a person that lives in Richmond and works for Chevron saying they care about the environment.
  48. Agenda setting is the theory that the (1)____-____ _____ have a large influence on (2)_________ by their choice of what stories to consider (3)___________ and how much (4)___________ and (5)_____ to give them.
    • 1. mass-news media
    • 2. audiences
    • 3. newsworthy
    • 4. prominence
    • 5. space
  49. Agenda setting defines the (1)______, identifies (2)_________ _______, creates an (3)_____, (4)_________ it, calls it to attention, turns it into a "(5)______", and (6)_________ government to take (7)______.
    • 1. issues
    • 2. alternative policies
    • 3. issue
    • 4. dramatizes
    • 5. "crisis"
    • 6. pressures
    • 7. action
  50. Public opinion is the (1)________' views of (2)______ or (3)___________ actions.
    • 1. citizens'
    • 2. politics
    • 3. government
  51. Ideological Polarization is the effect on (1)______ _______ when many citizens move away from (2)________ positions and toward either (3)___ of the political (4)________, identifying themselves as either (5)________ or (6)__________.
    • 1. public opinion
    • 2. moderate
    • 3. end
    • 4. spectrum
    • 5. liberals
    • 6. conservatives
  52. Political Socialization is the process by which political (1)________ are (2)______ by other (3)______ and the surrounding (4)_______.
    • 1. positions
    • 2. shaped
    • 3. people
    • 4. culture

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