Private Pilot - Aircraft Systems.txt

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Private Pilot - Aircraft Systems.txt
2013-08-05 05:16:29
Private Pilot Aircraft Systems

Private Pilot - Aircraft Systems
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  1. 3657. Should it become necessary to handprop an airplane engine, it is extremely important that a competent pilot ___
    be at the controls in the cockpit
  2. 3656. What should be the first action after starting an aircraft engine?
    Adjust for proper RPM and check for desired indciations on the engine gauges.
  3. 3656-1. What is one purpose for using reciprocating engines?
    The are relatively simple and inexpensive to operate.
  4. 3223. One purpose of the dual ignition system on an aircraft engine is to provide for ___
    improved engine performance.
  5. 3223-1. An electrical system failure (battery and alternator) occurs during flight. In this situation you would ___
    experience avionics equipment failure.
  6. 3223-2. If the ground wire between the magneto and the ignition switch becomes disconnected, the most noticeable result will be that the engine ___
    cannot be shut down by turning the switch to the OFF position.
  7. 3225. The operating principle of float-type carburetors is based on the ___
    difference in air pressure at the venturi throat and the air inlet.
  8. 3226. The basic purpose of adjusting the fuel/air mixture at altitude is to ___
    decrease the fuel flow in order to compensate for decreased air density.
  9. 3228. While cruising at 9500 feet MSL, the fuel/air mixture is properly adjusted. What will occur if a descent to 4500 feet MSL is made without readjusting the mixture?
    The fuel/air mixture may become excessively lean.
  10. 3227. During the run-up at a high-elevation airport, a pilot notes a slight engine roughness that is not affected by the magneto check but grows worse during the carburetor heat check. Under these circumstances, what would be the most logical initial action?
    Check the results obtained with a leaner setting of the mixture.
  11. 3231. If an aircraft is equipped with a fixed-pitch propeller and a float-type carburetor, the first indication of carburetor ice would most likely be ___
    loss of RPM
  12. 3235. The presence of carburetor ice in an aircraft equipped with a fixed-pitch propeller can be verified by applying carburetor heat and noting ___
    a decrease in RPM and then a gradual increase in RPM.
  13. 3229. Which condition is most favorable to the development of carburetor icing?
    Temperature between 20 and 70 degree F and high humidity.
  14. 3230. The possibility of carburetor icing exists even when the ambient air temperature is as ___
    high as 70 degree F and the relative humidity is high.
  15. 3230-1. Carburetor icing can occur with an OAT as high as ___
    20 degrees C and high relative humidity.
  16. 3232. Applying carburetor heat will ___
    enrich the fuel/air mixture
  17. 3233. What change occurs in the fuel/air mixture when carburetor heat is applied?
    The fuel/air mixture becomes richer.
  18. 3234. Generally speaking, the use of carburetor heat tends to ___
    decrease engine performance.
  19. 3236. With regard to carburetor ice, float-type carburetor systems in comparison to fuel injection systems are generally considered to be ___
    more susceptible to icing.
  20. 3224. On aircraft with fuel pumps, when is the auxiliary electric driven pump used?
    In the event engine-driven fuel pump fails.
  21. 3237. If the grade of fuel used in an aircraft engine is lower than specified for the engine, it will most likely cause ___
  22. 3238. Detonation may occur at high-power settings when ___
    the fuel mixture ignites instantaneously instead of burning progressively and evenly.
  23. 3238-1. Detonation occurs in a reciprocating aircraft engine when ___
    the unburned charge in the cylinders explodes instead of burning normally.
  24. 3240. The uncontrolled firing of the fuel/air charge in advance of normal spark ignition is known as ___
  25. 3242. What type of fuel can be substituted for an aircraft if the recommended octane is not available?
    The next higher octane aviation gas.
  26. 3243. Filling the fuel tanks after the last flight of the day is considered a good operating procedure because this will ___
    prevent moisture condensation by eliminating airspace in tanks.
  27. 3243-1. To properly purge water from the fuel system of an aircraft equipped with fuel tank sumps and a fuel strainer quick drain, it is necessary to drain fuel from the ___
    fuel strainer drain and the fuel tank sumps.
  28. 3239. If a pilot suspects that the engine (with a fixed-pitch propeller) is detonating during climb-out after takeoff, the initial corrective action to take would be to ___
    lower the nose slightly to increase airspeed.
  29. 3221. Excessively high engine temperature will ___
    cause loss of power, excessive oil consumption, and possible permanent internal engine damage.
  30. 3221-1. Excessively high engine temperatures, either in the air or on the ground, will ___
    cause loss of power, excessive oil consumption, and possible permanent internal engine damage.
  31. 3222. If the engine oil temperature and cylinder head temperature gauges have exceeded their normal operating range, the pilot may have been operating with ___
    too much power and with the mixture set too lean.
  32. 3241. Which would most likely cause the cylinder head temperature and engine oil temperature gauges to exceed their normal operating ranges?
    Using fuel that has a lower-than-specified fuel rating.
  33. 3244. For internal cooling, reciprocating aircraft engines are especially dependent on ___
    the circulation of lubricating oil.
  34. 3245. An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by ___
    the oil level being too low.
  35. 3651. What action can a pilot take to aid in cooling an engine that is overheating during a climb?
    Reduce the rate of climb and increase airspeed.
  36. 3652. What is one procedure to aid in cooling an engine that is overheating?
    Enrichen the fuel mixture.
  37. 3711. The most important rule to remember in the event of a power failure after becoming airborne is to ___
    immediately establish the proper gliding attitude and airspeed.
  38. 3653. How is engine operation controlled on an engine equipped with a constant-speed propeller?
    The throttle controls power output as registered on the manifold pressure gauge and the propeller control regulates RPM.
  39. 3654. What is an advantage of a constant-speed propeller?
    Permits the pilot to select the blade angle for the most efficient performance.
  40. 3655. A precaution for the operation of an engine equipped with a constant-speed propeller is to ___
    avoid high manifold pressure settings with low RPM.
  41. 3207. In what flight condition is torque effect the greatest in a single-engine airplane?
    Low airspeed, high power, high angle of attack.
  42. 3208. The left turning tendency of an airplane caused by P-factor is the result of the ___
    propeller blade descending on the right, producing more thrust than the ascending blade on the left.
  43. 3209. When does P-factor cause the airplane to yaw to the left?
    When at high angles of attack.
  44. 3658. During the preflight inspection, who is responsible for determining the aircraft is safe for flight?
    The pilot in command.
  45. 3659. How should an aircraft preflight inspection be accomplished for the first flight of the day?
    Thorough and systematic means recommended by the manufacturer.
  46. 3660. Who is primarily responsible for maintaining an aircraft in airworthy condition?
    Owner or operator.