Week 11

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Week 11
2010-06-07 19:16:04
Hist 17B

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  1. New Deal Coalition
    Alignment of interest groups & voting blocs that supported the New Deal-Voted for Democratic pres candidates from 1932-1968/demo party majority-lost only in 1952/Eisenhower when FDR won in 1956= he created this created coalition that included the Demo party, big city machines, labor unions, minorities, liberal farm groups, intellectuals, & the white South-Fell apart in 1968
  2. John Maynard Keynes (Keynesian Economics)
    • 1930's British economist with ideas that affected the theory & practice of modern macroeconomics & the econ policies of gov'ts-identified the causes of business cycles- advocated the use of fiscal & monetary measures to less in force the adverse effects of econ recessions & depressions-argued aggregate demand determined the overall level of economic activity
    • -Key econs=private sector decisions sometimes lead to inefficient macroeconomic outcomes & therefore advocates active policy responses by the public sector including monetary policy actions by the central bank & fiscal policy actions by the govt to stabilize output over the business cycle
  3. The Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere
    1930-40's created & formally proclaimed during the Showa era by the gov & military of the Empire of Japan-represented the desire to create a self-sufficient block of asian nations led by the Japs & free of W. power
  4. Benito Mussolini
    1883-1945 Italian politician leading the National Fascist Party & credited w/being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism-40th Prime Minister of Italy in 1922-created & held supreme military rank of First Marshal of the Empire=power over military along with King-Replaced in 1943 leader of the Italian Social Republic-Died 1945
  5. National Socialist (Nazi) Party
    Founded in 1919- Two leaders 1. Anton Drexler 1920-1921 2. Adolf Hitler 1921-1945 - Dissolved in 1945-stressed failures of communism, liberalism & democracy; racial purity for Germs
  6. Kristallnacht (11/9-10, 1938)
    'Crystal Night' or 'the night of broken glass' anti-Jewish pogrom in Germ & Austria=coordinated attack on Jew ppl & their party- triggered by the assassination in Paris of Germ diplomat Ernst vom Rath by Herschel Grynszpan a Germ-born Polish Hew
  7. A. Philip Randolph
    (1889-1979)early 20th cent- prominent 20th cent African American civil rights leader & founder of the March on Washington Mov't & Brotherhood of sleeping car porters=landmark for labor & particularly for african american labor organizing
  8. The Zoot Suit Riots
    riots erupted in LA during WWII between white sailors/marines & latino youths-effect of the infamous Sleepy Lagoon murder=death of a young Latino man in a barrio near LA-triggered similar attacks throughout the country