Physical Assessment- Kaplan Basics

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  1. Normal Vital Signs: RR, Pulse, BP
    • RR: 30-60/min
    • P: 120-160 (180 when crying) bpm
    • BP: 65/41 mmHg
  2. Normal Vital Signs: RR, Pulse, BP
    1-4 yrs
    • RR: 20-40/min
    • P: 80-140 bpm
    • BP: 90-99/60-65 mmHg
  3. Normal Vital Signs: RR, Pulse, BP
    5-12 yrs
    • RR: 15-25/min
    • P: 70-115 bpm
    • BP: 100-110/56-60
  4. Normal Vital Signs: RR, Pulse, BP
    • RR: 12-20/min
    • P: 60-100 bpm
    • BP: <120/80 mmHg
  5. What is the diaphragm of the stethoscope used for?
    Listening to high pitched sounds: lungs, bowel, heart (Place firmly on skin)
  6. What is the bell of the stethoscope used for?
    Listening to low pitched sounds: heart murmur (Place lightly on skin)
  7. What do normal adult respirations look like?
    • Costal (chest movement)
    • Regular
    • Expiration slower than inspiration
    • 12-20/min
  8. What do neonate respirations look like?
    • Diaphragmatic (abdominal movement)
    • Irregular
    • 30-60/min
  9. Normal oral temp?
    • 98.6F
    • 37.0C
  10. Normal rectal temp?
    • 99.6F
    • 37.6C
  11. Normal axillary temp?
    • 97.6F
    • 36.5C
  12. What is hyperventilation and what does it cause?
    • Abnormally rapid, deep, and prolonged breathing
    • Causes respiratory alkalosis due to reduction in CO2
  13. What is hypoventilation and what does it cause?
    • Reduced ventilatory efficiency
    • Causes respiratory acidosis due to elevation in CO2
  14. Orthopnea def?
    Inability to breath when trunk is in upright position
  15. Pulse pressure def and normal range?
    • Difference between systolic and diastolic
    • Normal: 30-40 mmHg
  16. Hirsutism def?
    Excess hair
  17. What is the Webner test?
    • Assesses bone conduction
    • Tuning fork placed in middle of forehead
    • Should be heard equally in both ears
  18. What is the Rinne test?
    • Compares bone conduction with air conduction
    • Tuning fork placed on mastoid process, when sound no longer heard it's moved in front of ear canal
    • Should still be able to hear sound
  19. How is the pinna pulled to examine ears?
    • <3yrs: down and back
    • >3yrs: up and back
  20. Pulse deficit def?
    Difference between apical and radial pulses
  21. What is Homan's Sign?
    • Tests for thrombophlebitis
    • Pain in calf with dorsiflexion of foot
  22. Hyospadias def?
    Meatus located on underside of penile shaft
  23. Epispadias def?
    Meatus located on upper side of penile shaft

Card Set Information

Physical Assessment- Kaplan Basics
2013-06-26 17:49:24
Physical Assessment

Physical Assessment
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