Western Civ

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Author:
tkrause
ID:
225135
Filename:
Western Civ
Updated:
2013-06-26 19:02:24
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wester civ
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west civ
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  1. The earliest period of human history
    Paleolithic /Old Stone Age
  2. Studies the ways of life of early peoples through the examination of physical remains (artifacts)
    Arecaeilogy
  3. Spread of ideas, customs, or technology from one group to another
    Cultural Diffusion
  4. the study of people, their environments, the available resources, and how they are connected
    geography
  5. the belief in many gods
    polytheism
  6. man-made items, such as tools and pottery
    artifacts
  7. term used to describe a large amount of land ruled by one ruler
    empire
  8. prehistory was the period of time before the development of this
    writing
  9. T or F
    Graves containing artifacts and food have led scientists to believe that Old Stone Age people believed in life after death
    True
  10. Methods and tools used for doing work
    technology
  11. T or F
    The development of agriculture gave people more dependable sources of food and housing
    True
  12. T or F
    Women during the Paleolithic Age did little to provide for their families
    False
  13. The ________ Revolution was the change from hunting and gathering to farming
    Neolithic
  14. Person who wonders from place to place in search of food
    nomad
  15. two reasons why rivers were important to ancient civilizations
    irrigation, trade, transportation, drinking water, food
  16. taming of wild animals
    domestication
  17. the area formed by the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
    Fertile Cresent
  18. another name for the area by the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
    Mesopotamia
  19. the first people to use pyprus
    Sumerians
  20. the Egyptian practice of preserving the dead indicates a belief in life after death
    mummification
  21. this was the first system of laws; "an eye for an eye"
    Hammurabi's code
  22. writing that used wedge-shapped marks in clay
    cuneiform
  23. the first women pharaoh
    Hatshepsut
  24. ancient pyramids were built as tombs for what individuals
    pharaohs
  25. the Rosetta Stone helped archeologists and scholars translate what form of writing used by ancient Egyptians
    Hieroglyphics
  26. what main belief set Judaism  apart from other religions
    monotheism or one god
  27. this man led the Hebrews out of slavery
    Moses
  28. term for those who learned to write and kept records
    scribes
  29. what geographic feature of Greece caused city-states to be isolated from one another
    mountains
  30. polis is another word for
    a Greek city state
  31. T or F
    the king of Greek god was Poseidon
    False it was Zeus
  32. city-state that focused out of fear of their neighbors and large slave population
    Sparta
  33. leader of Athens during  the "Golden Age"
    Pericles
  34. T or F
    Greek architecture stressed order and simplicity
    True
  35. the Greeks defeated Kind Darius (Persia) in what battle
    Battle of Marathon
  36. used questions and answers to examine ideas and arrive at conclusions
    Socratic Method
  37. T or F
    Greece and Italy both have mountainous areas
    True
  38. what is the most famous example of Greek architecture
    the Parthenon
  39. the Peloponnesian war was fought between what two city-states
    Athens and Sparta
  40. he was the son of Phillip from Macedonia and created an empire that from Greece to India
    Alexander the Great
  41. According to legend, he founded Rome
    Romulus
  42. the common people of ancient rome
    plebeians
  43. officials who represented the common people in the senate
    tribunes
  44. upper class in rome; mad up of 300 member senate
    patricians
  45. roman system of government in which people elect their representatives
    Republic
  46. title given to the two leaders of the senate
    consul
  47. the Pax Romana was the time of ____ in Rome
    peace
  48. program created to keep the poor massed in rome happy with food and entertainment
    Bread and Circuses
  49. he was a military hero, popular with the common people, and was assassinated by those who feared his power
    Caesar
  50. who did rome fight in the punic wars
    carthage
  51. T or F
     the wealth gained from the punic wars helped all the citizens in rome
    false
  52. leader of the 2 year slave revolt in rome
    sparatcus
  53. built to carry eater from the hillsides into the cities
    aquaducts
  54. the roman empire officially replaced the republic when he  came ino power
    Agustus
  55. a person who fights and dies for their beliefs
    martyr
  56. Constantine issued the _____ __ ______ ending the Roman persecution of Christians
    Edict of Milan
  57. emperor  who made Christianity the official  religion of the Roman Empire
    Theodosius
  58. the holy book of islam
    quran
  59. the founder of islam
    muhammad
  60. the holy city of islam
    mecca

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