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review anatomy of heart and lungs
blood flow through the heart
electrical impulses through the heart
which lung has more lobes?
what is the lobe that it has, that the other does not?
heart/lung dz is rarely due to a heart attack or ___ ___
what are the 2 ways to classify heart failure?
- Left vs Right sided
what are the 5 common CS of cardiac dz?
- exercise intolerance
what is the most common cause for cardiac dz?
what are the 7 other possible causes for cardiac dz?
- metabolic disorder
- infx dz
what are the 6 dx tests for cardiac dz?
**which is the "gold standard"?
- EKG (halter)
which sided heart failure is most common?
*what are the CS?
- pulmonary edema, cough
what does pulmonary edema sound like?
what are the CS of right sided HF?
fluids built up in body- ascites, pitting edema, pleural effusion
what does a pleural effusion sound like?
muffled heart noises, drowned out
what is CHF?
congestive heart failure- failure of both L and R
most types of HF eventually involve __ __
what is the vector for HW?
what are the 4 possible hosts for HW?
where in the heart do adults reside?
R ventricle and pulmonary artery
how long does it take a microfilaria to mature in the host?
what is HW disease?
when HWs clog heart and vessels, causing inflammation and immune reaction
what can dead worms cause?
- pulmonary thrombosis
what is the end stage of HW dz called?
- caval syndrome-
- entire right side of heart is overwhelmed with worms
what is HW dz in cats commonly referred to?
what is the most common CS of HW dz in dogs?
what are the most common CS of HW dz in cats?
what are the other CS of HW in dogs?
- wt loss
how do you dx HW in dogs?
Snap test- antigens
the amt of antigen in circulation has a direct but imprecise relationship to the ___ of mature F HW
what is the test for MF in dogs?
what are the tests for adults in cats?
what are the tests of MF in cats?
review knotts test process!
review difil test process!
what spp can HW commonly get mistaken for?
what does A. reconditum look like compared to HW?
- A- curved tail, blunt head, moves
- HW- straight tail, tapered head, usually doesnt move
what is the adulticide for dogs?
immiticide- melarsomine (2 doses)
what is the MFicide for dogs?
except in ___
- except in collies
what is the adulticide in cats?
- steroids, bronchodilators
what is the MFicide in cats?
occult HW infx-
more common in ___
- not detectable, no MF, or no females
what are the 4 major classes of preventatives?