Anatomy chapter 5

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Anatomy chapter 5
2013-06-27 00:02:52
Med terms

Med terms
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  1. stem cells
    cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give rise to specialized cells
  2. somatic cell
    in humans, each somatic cell has 23 pairs of cromosome
  3. muscular system
    makes movement possible
  4. skeletal system
    provides protection, form, and shape for the body' stores minerals and forms some blood cells
  5. cardiovascular system
    delivers oxygen, nutrients, and vital substances throughout the body' transports cellular waste products to the lungs and kidneys for excretion
  6. lymphatic system
    helps maintain the internal fluid environment' produces some types of blood cells' regulates immunity
  7. respiratory system
    brings oxygen into the body and removes carbon dioxide and some water waste
  8. digestive system
    provides the body with water, nutrients, and minerals' removes solid wastes
  9. urinary system
    filters blood to remove wastes of cellular metabolism' maintains the electrolyte and fluid balance
  10. reproductive system
    facilitates procreation
  11. intergunmentary system
    provides external covering for protection; regulates the body temperature and water content
  12. nervous system
    coordinates the reception of stimuli; transmits messages to stimulate movement
  13. endocrine system
    secretes hormones and helps regulate body activities
  14. homeostasis
    refers to the constant internal environment that is naturally maintained by the body
  15. ana-
    upward, excessive or again
  16. -plasia
    development or formation of tissue
  17. aplasia
    the lack of development of an organ or tissue
  18. dysplasia
    any abnormal development of tissues, recognized by cells that differ in size, shape, and apperance
  19. hypoplasia
    underdevelopment of an organ or a tissue, and is less severe than aplasia
  20. hyperplasia
    an abonormal increase in the number of normal cells in tissue
  21. hypertrophy
    an increase in the size of an organ caused by an increase in the size of existing cells rather than the number of cells (as in hyperplasia)
  22. anaplasia
    characteristic of malignant tumors. refers to a change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterizedf by a loss of differentiation and reversal to a more primitive form
  23. anter/o
  24. cephal/o
    term is cephalad

    meaning: toward the head
  25. caud/o
    • term caudad
    • meaning: toward the tail or in an inferior direction in human
  26. midsagittal plane
    divides the body into two equal haves
  27. The dorsal cavity is divided into:
    cranial and spinal cavities
  28. peritoneum
    lines the abdominopelvic cavity and enfolds the internal organs
  29. what does acral mean?
    pertaining to the extremities of the body
  30. acrodermatitis
    dermatitis of the extremities
  31. acrocyanosis
    cyanosis of the extremities
  32. acrohypothermy
    abnormal coldness of the extremities
  33. acromegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the body extremities
  34. abdominal quadrants
    • RUQ
    • LUQ
    • RLQ
    • LLQ
  35. thoracocentesis
    surgical puncture of the chest wall for aspiration of fluids
  36. abdominocentesis
    surgical procedure that is performed to remove excess fluids from the abdominal cavity or to inject a therapeutic agent
  37. ascites
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
  38. perintoitis
    can result if infectious microorganisms gain access by way of surgical incisions or by the rupture or perforation of viscera or associated structures
  39. omphalocele
    congenital herniation of the navel
  40. dactylography
    is the study of fingerprints
  41. dactylospasm
    means cramping of a finger or toe
  42. dactylitis
    inflammation of the bones
  43. onychopathy
    disease of the nails
  44. onlychomycosis
    disease of the nails caused by a fungus
  45. metastasis
    spreading from one part of the body to another part
  46. types of bacteria
    • cocci
    • bacilli
    • spirilla
  47. protozoa
    simplest organims of the animal kingdom
  48. fungi
    microorganisms that feed by absorbing organic molecules from their surroundings. They may be parasitic andmay invade living organic substances.
  49. virus
    a minute microorganism that replicates only within a cell of a living plant or animal.