EMT Interim Prep

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EMT Interim Prep
2013-07-01 12:38:08

Brady Emergency Care 10th Edition
Show Answers:

  1. A conscious and mentally competent adult patient has the right to refuse care. This refusal must be _______ and documented.
  2. If a child is injured and the parents are not present; the childs consent is:
    A. not needed
    B. implied
    C. meaningless
    D. actual
    C. meaningless
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. When carrying a conscious patient on the stairs, the EMT-B should:
    Use a stair chair whenever possible
  4. When moving a patient from the ambulance stretcher to the hospital stretcher, you probably will use the:
    A. cradle-carry
    B. modified draw sheet method
    C. direct ground lift
    D. extremity lift
    B. modified draw sheet method
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Move a patient who has no broken bones or spinal injury from the floor to a stair chair using:
    Extremity lift
  6. Which carry is considered very difficult to use with an unconscious person?
    A. piggyback
    B. shoulder
    C. craddle
    D. three-rescuer
    A. piggyback
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The type of strees that is a positive form that helps the EMT-B work under pressure and respond effectively
  8. The expressed wishes of the patient or family in writing
    Advanced directive
  9. A division of the peripheral nervous system that controls involuntary motor functions is called the:
    Autonomic nervous system
  10. When in the anatomical position, the person will be facing:
    A. away from you
    B. forward
    C. face down
    D. face up
    B. forward
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. An infection that causes inflammation of the liver
  12. The communicable disease that kills the most health workers every year in the United States is:
    Hepatitis B virus
  13. If you are stuck with a needle from a patient with hepatitus B; your chance of contracting the disease is about: (%)
  14. Your patient has HIV. You are accidentley stuck with a needle that has some infected blood on it. Your chance of contracting the disease is about: (%)
  15. The method of infection control that will reduce exposure to yourself, your crew, and your next patient is:
    handwashing after each patient contact
  16. An insufficiency in the supply of oxygen to the body's tissues is called:
  17. The appearance of a blue or purple coloration of the skin or mucous membranes due to the tissues near the skin surface being low on oxygen.
  18. If a patient's level of responsiveness is lower than "Alert" you should:
    Administer high-concentration oxygen
  19. Patient assessments differ depending on what characteristics
    • Medical problem or trauma
    • Responsive or unresponsive
    • Patient is an adult, child, or infant
  20. Objective statements are:
    • Observable
    • Measurable
    • Verifiable
  21. Subjective statements are:
    Information from a individuals point of view
  22. After forming a general impression, the next step of the initial assessment is:
    assessing mental status
  23. Information that you can see, hear, feel, and smell are called:
  24. Normal diastolic pressures range from
    60 to 90 mm Hg
  25. A keen awareness that there may be injuries based on the mechanism of injury is called
    index of suspicion
  26. To obtain a history of a patient's present illness us the acronym:
  27. For a stable patient, the EMT-B should perform the ongoing assessment every
    15 minutes
  28. Infants and children under what age are abdominal breathers
  29. When a drug is administered subcutaneously, this means the drug is:
    injected under the skin
  30. A diabetic patient found with a weak, rapid pulse and cold, clammy skin who complains of hunger pangs suffers from
  31. What diabetic condition results in an acetone smell on the patient's breath
  32. Activated charcoal is contraindicated for patients who have ingested
    • Alkalis
    • Gasoline
    • Acids
  33. The muscular organ in which the fetus develops is the:
  34. For the 1st pregnancy  the first stage of labor will usually last how long
    16 hours
  35. During the most active stage of labor, the uterus usually contracts every
    • 2 to 3 minutes
    • lasting 30 seconds to 1 minute
  36. The 1st clamp placed on the umbilical cord should be about how far from the baby
    10 inches
  37. Blood that oozes and is dark red is most likely from a
  38. What are the divisions of the nervous system
    • Central
    • Peripheral
    • Autonomic
  39. The cranium consists of:
    • Forehead
    • Top
    • Back
    • Upper sides
  40. The limbar area of the spine has how many vertebrae
  41. A collection of blood with the skull or the brain is called
    • Subdural hematoma
    • Epidural hematoma
    • Intracerebral hematoma
  42. Describe the blood pressure and pulse for a patient with a brain injury
    Increased blood pressure, decreased pulse
  43. Consider the possibility of a cranial fracture whenever you note
    deep lacerations or severe bruises to the scalp or forehead
  44. Often with a cervical-spine injury, the patient in a supine position may have their arms:
    stretched out above their head
  45. Geriatric patients usually have decreased elasticity of the lungs and decreased activity of cilia that results in:
    decreased ability to clear foreign substances from the lungs
  46. How should an unstable object impaled in the cheek wall be treated
    pulled out if easily done
  47. The most reliable sign of spinal cord injury in a conscious patient is:
    paralysis of extremities
  48. A fracture to the proximal end of the humerus is best cared for by immobilizing with a(n):
    Sling and swathe
  49. Proximal means
    Nearest to the center of the body
  50. The best way to immobilize a fractured elbow when the arm is found in the bent position and there is a distal pulse is to:
    keep the arm in its found position and apply a short padded board splint
  51. The first step in immobilizing a fractured wrist with a distal pulse is to:
    place the broken hand in its position of function
  52. The best method for immobilizing a suspected ankle fracture is a(n):
    pillow splint
  53. A sprain is an injury in which
    Ligaments are torn
  54. Partial-thickness burns cause:
    swelling and blistering
  55. Acid burns to the eyes should be flooded with water for at least
    20 minutes
  56. If a patient develops cardiac arrest during transport, have the operator of the ambulance
    stop the ambulance and begin defibrillation
  57. A child who is hypoxic will
    have a slower heart rate
  58. The strong, white, fibrous material covering the bones is called the:
  59. The indications for a traction splint are painful, swollen, deformed mid-thigh with:
    no joint or lower leg injury
  60. Priority 2 patients would be color-coded as: