derm- terminology

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Author:
merazar15
ID:
225225
Filename:
derm- terminology
Updated:
2013-06-27 18:35:32
Tags:
clin med derm
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Description:
clin med derm
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  1. Circumscribed area of color change
    No elevation or depression (flat)
    Variable sizes
    macule
  2. Solid, raised lesion
    No greater than 5 mm
    papule
  3. Much like papule but deeper
    Usually firmer
    Often larger than papule
    nodule
  4. Skin elevation (raised)
    Often covers large areas
    Can be a result of coalesced papules
    plaque
  5. Circumscribed elevation of skin
    Contains purulent material (exudate)
    pustule
  6. Circumscribed, elevated
    Contains fluid, usually clear
    Less than 5mm size
    vesicle
  7. A larger vesicle
    Greater than 5 mm
    bulla
  8. dry, scaly, rough
    crust
  9. fluid filled sac anywhere on body
    cyst
  10. when skin peels off bc something happened to it- usually not to the level of a burn
    desquamation
  11. a bruise
    ecchymosis
  12. ex: impant defib and skin has eroded away,
    skin is pulled away
    erosion
  13. pt has scratched the skin creating skin changes
    excoriation
  14. a split in the skin, can be second to dry skin cracking
    fissure
  15. purple colored spots and patches
    purpura
  16. vessels that have come up to the surface, esp on the face,
    can be a sign of systemic dz
    alcoholism
    sun exposure
    telangiectasia
  17. med used to reduce inflammation:
    corticosteroid
  18. 4 common vehicles:
    • ointments
    • creams
    • lotions
    • gels
  19. Water suspended in oil
    Lubricant
    Reduces water loss through dermis
    Least tolerable
    Not useful in hairy areas
    ointments
  20. Semi-solid emulsion of oil in water
    Less potent than ointments
    Better tolerated
    Cosmetically acceptable
    creams
  21. Powder in water
    Least potent
    Good for larger areas
    Useful for hairy areas
    Used for drying “wet” lesions
    lotions
  22. Oil in water with an alcohol base
    Dries easily
    Provides benefit of ointment
    Cosmetic equivalent of cream
    Works well in hairy areas / acne
    gels

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