Cset - Subtest III (pe, arts, human dev)

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acampbell2491
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Cset - Subtest III (pe, arts, human dev)
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2013-07-01 15:05:40
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Cset Subtest III
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Cset Subtest three
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  1. What indicates a physically fit person?
    Able to learn new skills
  2. What kinda space does a child need to jump rope?
    • High
    • personal
  3. Define slide
    A sideways gallop
  4. What is another name for an arhythmic skip?
    Hop and step
  5. A turn rotates the body around what axis?
    Vertical
  6. A twist rotates part of the body around what axis?
    Any
  7. What manipulative skill doesn't require arms?
    Kicking
  8. Rolling is an example of what type of gymnastics activity?
    Weight transfer
  9. What are the three gross motor areas of the body?
    • Beck
    • Arms
    • legs
  10. What attaches muscle to bone?
    Tendons
  11. What pe approach emphasizes learning of pe skills skills to enable students to participate successfully with groups in the future?
    Ecological
  12. What is an example of low space, straight movement in general space?
    Child crawling
  13. What type of movement has each component with the same time value ?
    Rhythmical
  14. What type of movement involves components with different time values?
    Arythmical
  15. Define force
    Body tension used with movement
  16. What is the main objective of the fitness approach to physical education?
    to improve cardiovascular performance through cardiovascular endurance
  17. Define body composition
    Ratio of body fat to overall body mass
  18. The compound atp transfers and stores ____ in the _____ _____
    • Energy
    • muscle cells
  19. what is the basic idea or objective of court games?
    hit a ball or object so the opponent cant successfully return it
  20. what is the basic idea or objective of field games?
    hit a ball so that defenders can't effectively retrieve it
  21. example of weight transfer activity?
    • moving from a lying to a kneeling position
    • or walking
  22. a roll is what type of activity?
    weight transfer
  23. example of balance activity? two types of balance?
    • low balance beam
    • dynamic-->moving balance
    • static-->stationary
  24. example of climb (pushing and pulling to higher/lower positions while maintaining balance) activity?
    jungle gym
  25. the type, frequency, and timing of feeding influence the acquisition and maintenance of ____ ______
    motor skills
  26. motor learning describes...
    how motor performance can be affected by attention and interest on the part of the child
  27. what does motor development address?
    what motor skills look like
  28. what does motor control address?
    the relationship between the nervous system and muscular control
  29. define exercise physiology:
    about how exercise affects the different body systems
  30. heart rate is assessed through...
    pulse readings
  31. what is the most effective assessment of the impact of exercise?
    heart rate
  32. single largest health problem in US? (2)
    • tobacco abuse
    • alcohol abuse
  33. about what percent of traffic deaths are cause by the most abused drug..alcohol?
    50%
  34. define kinesiology:
    about how the body's muscles move the skeleton
  35. which social approach to teaching PE emphasizes matching the curriculum to the interests and motivation of students?
    self-actualization
  36. which social approach to teaching PE emphasizes establishing strong interpersonal relationships among students and learning to work together?
    social responsibility
  37. list the levels of responsibility in order from least to most: (5)
    • irresponsibility
    • self-control
    • involvement
    • self-responsibility
    • caring
  38. the sequence of body movements affects...
    the amount of force
  39. is jumping a locomotor or nonlocomotor skill?
    non
  40. which muscle type is most prevalent?
    skeletal
  41. does inertia affect the body's stability?
    no
  42. what is the body tension used with movement?
    force
  43. what is the depositing of plaque on artery walls called?
    arteriosclerosis
  44. patella is what body part?
    kneecap
  45. joints are held together by...
    ligaments
  46. interior design and industrial design are considered...
    applied arts
  47. dance medium refers to...
    the types of movement including space, shape, force, and time
  48. define kinesthetic perception
    • the bodys ability to sense movement
    • refers to muscles' retention of the movement and effort required to dance
  49. who were the founders of ballet? (3)
    • Perrot
    • Bournonville
    • Petipa
  50. Where did ballroom/social dancing begin? when?
    • Europe
    • 1500s
  51. Where did jazz dance develop from?
    African American jazz music in the US
  52. Who is credited with developing jazz dance? (3)
    • Wilson
    • Cole
    • Fosse
  53. When was modern dance born?
    1900s
  54. Who is credited with developing modern dance? (3)
    • Duncan
    • Wigman
    • Laban
  55. define axial movement
    a nonlocomotor movement around a fixed body part
  56. most music is based on what?
    diatonic scale
  57. dynamics describe
    how loud or soft the music is
  58. Every Good Boy...
    Deserves Fruit
  59. G clef is also called the
    treble clef
  60. F clef is also called the
    bass clef
  61. the bassoon and the oboe belong to what instrumental family?
    woodwinds
  62. art that is unrelated to real things or thoughts and only represents itself is called...
    nonrepresentational art
  63. art that is a nonrecognizable representation of real things is called...
    abstract art
  64. art that is a recognizable representation of real people, places, or things is called...
    representational art
  65. what four visual elements are visual arts based on?
    • points
    • shapes
    • space
    • color
  66. what are the three properties of color?
    • hue (color itself)
    • value (amount of lightness or darkness)
    • saturation (brightness or dullness)
  67. exaggerating linear perspective by drawing the near parts of an object in close proximity to the far parts of the same object is called?
    foreshortening
  68. drawing objects smaller as they get further away is called
    linear perspective
  69. list the principles of design (7)
    • asymmetry
    • balance
    • dominance
    • proportion
    • rhythm
    • symmetry
    • unity
  70. what is a process of applying watercolors to a freshly plastered surface?
    fresco
  71. a mason calls a row of bricks...
    a course
  72. impressionist art movement emphasized the new art that featured...
    undetailed, but recognizable works
  73. what form of dance is related to Alvin Ailey?
    modern
  74. Mondrian is best known for what art form?
    nonrepresentational art
  75. Who originated the behaviorist movement? when?
    • John Watson
    • early 1900s
  76. what is watson's behaviorist theory?
    • centered around conditioned responses in children
    • child was "taught" to respond in a particular way
  77. what is pavlov's behaviorist theory?
    • conducted classical conditioning experiments with dogs
    • salivating = conditioned response
  78. what is thorndike's behaviorist theory?
    • instrumental conditioning
    • worked with animals
    • 2 conclusions: (1) the law of exercise, (2) the law of effect
  79. law of exercise?
    conditioned response can be strengthened by repeating the response (practice)
  80. law of effect?
    rewarded responses are strengthened while punished responses are weakened
  81. Who was the most influential behaviorist?
    B.F. Skinner
  82. what is BF Skinner's behaviorist theory?
    operant conditioning
  83. what are the four basic mechanisms of operant conditioning?
    • (1) reward or positive reinforcement
    • (2) negative reinforcement
    • (3) extinction
    • (4) punishment
  84. what is Piaget's behaviorist theory?
    • students develop concepts through a series of stages (stage theory)
    • children proceed through a fixed but uneven series of stages of cognitive developement
  85. Who is the leading social learning theorist? what does he believe?
    • Bandura
    • believes a great deal of learning can take place through modeling
  86. Erikson built on Freud's work by creating...
    • eight psychosocial stages
    • an emotional crisis at each stage can lead to a positive or negative result
  87. what four stages of Eriksen's fall within the school years?
    • initiative vs. guilt
    • identity vs. inferiority
    • identity vs. identity confusion
    • intimacy vs. isolation
  88. what are Kohlberg's three proposed levels of moral development?
    • preconventional morality (pre-6th)
    • conventional morality (7th-12th)
    • postconventional morality (HS+)
  89. What percent of girls will have substantial adjustment problems? boys?
    • 3-7%
    • 12-18%
  90. low birth weight is associated with...
    health, emotional, and learning problems
  91. learning disabled?
    evidence a 2-year discrepancy between measures of ability and performance
  92. how should you adapt instruction for high SES students?
    • minimize competitiveness
    • provide less structure
    • present more material
  93. how should you adapt instruction for low SES students?
    • be more encouraging
    • guard against feelings of failure or low self esteem
    • provide more structure
  94. how should you adapt instruction for LEP/ESL students?
    • use simpler words and expressions
    • use context clues to help students identify word meaning
    • clearly draw students' attention to your speech
    • actively involve students in the learning process
  95. intrinsic motivation
    • refers to topics that students like or enjoy
    • based on knowledge of what is popular/interesting to students of a particular age
  96. extrinsic motivation
    • focuses on external rewards for good work or goal attainment
    • most successful when used in conjunction with more routine work
  97. what percent of students have used alcohol by the time they leave HS? other illegal drugs?
    • 90%
    • 70%
  98. who has the highest suicide and alcoholism rates of any ethnic group?
    NAs
  99. What determines a family's SES?
    • income
    • education
    • occupation
  100. What assesses the performance of Cali schools?
    Academic Performance Index (API)
  101. what does AYP stand for?
    adequate yearly progress
  102. after two years without AYP, schools are placed on...
    Program Improvement (PI)
  103. Token reinforcement of student's success is an example of whose theory?
    BF Skinner's model of learning
  104. Bloom's Taxonomy
  105. typical IQ range?
    • 140 and over Genius or near genius
    • 120-140 Very superior intelligence
    • 110-120 Superior intelligence
    • 90-110 Normal or average intelligence
    • 80-90 Dullness
    • 70-80 Borderline deficiency
    • Below 70 Definite feeble-mindedness
  106. what method is most supported by behaviorists?
    practice
  107. students actively learning concepts through their own experiences is a classroom practice that supports which theorist?
    • Piaget
    • process of equilibration
  108. Glasser's Reality Therapy
    • psychiatry's three R's: realism, responsibility, and right-and-wrong (rather than symptoms of mental disorders)
    • Reality therapy maintains that the individual is suffering from a socially universal human condition rather than a mental illness.

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