Nutrition Midterm Review
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. What would you like to do?
A nutritionist is supposed to take?
- Physical exam
- Height and weight
- Lab tests
Which is he most calcium dense?
Non fat milk
Intake of transfat, is it healthy?
Foods that have nutrients added to them are?
What do vegetarians need more of in their diet?
What vitamin do vegetarians lack in their diet?
B12 found in meat
What is digestion?
Breakdown of foods into smaller particles so they can be absorbed.
What is absorption?
When nutrients are being taken into the body
Contraction and relaxation of the esophagus and intestines is called?
Where does digestion begin?
in the mouth
Where and what is the epiglottis?
it is present in the throat. it prevents you from choking. Its a flap that opens and closes over the larynx
Where are all the sphincters located?
- Upper and lower esophageal sphincters
- Pyloric sphincter
- Ileocecal sphincter
- Anal sphincter
- Anus sphincter
What prevents a person from choking?
What is bolus?
chewed up food that we swallow
Where is the pyloric sphincter?
between the stomach and the small intestine
What does the pyloric sphincter do?
It prevents the back up of contents back into the stomach
What comes after the stomach?
Large intestine is also known as?
What is chyme?
Milkshake in the stomach, partially digested food
What is the function of the sphincter muscle?
it controls the passage of food through the gi tract
Where are carbs absorbed?
in the small intestine
so are proteins and fats
What is reflux?
the backward flow of chyme
what does mucus in the stomach do?
protects the lining of the stomach from gastric juices
What do pancreatic enzymes do?
- they breakdown fats
- but cannot breakdown fiber
What does the gall bladder do?
What is the medical term for sugar?
What is the sugar (carbohydrate) of milk?
What is another name for lactose?
Another name for table sugar?
Another name for fruit sugar?
What is glycogen?
storage form of glucose in the muscles and liver
What does fiber do?
It delays gastric emptying
What does satiety mean?
feeling of fullness
Where is fiber broken down?
in the large intestine by the bacteria
Does fiber give energy?
When eating carbs, it begins in the mouth with the breakdown by?
Which has more glycogen?
What does insulin do?
lowers blood glucose levels
Name 2 harmones?
- glucose and glucogon
- glucogon increase blood glucose levels
how do you know if someone is a diabetic?
you perform a glucose test
- 100-125 pre diabetic
- 125-or more- diabetic
What is lecithin?
example of phospholipid, found in the body and certain foods
Bile is made up of?
cholesterol, vitamin d and harmones
Bile is stored in the?
gall bladder and is released into the small intestine and made in the liver
made in the small intestine
If a person is at high risk for heart attack they should high levels of?
LDL, low density lipo protein
can fats lead to cancer?
yes, obesity and heart disease but not lactose intolerance
- develops slowly
- lasts a long time
- progresses gradually
- the pain is dull
- develops quickly
- sharp symptoms
- runs a short course
eating oatmeal everyday is?
What are macronutrients?
- nutrients you can see
- such as carbs, proteins and fat.
minerals and calcium you cannot see they are called micronutrients
which nutrient gives you the most energy?
fats (9 kilocalories)
What is anthropometric?
height and weight measurements
What would you like to do?
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