Nutrition Midterm Review

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Jcolon1895
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225288
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Nutrition Midterm Review
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2013-06-28 11:59:51
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Nutrition Midterm Review
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  1. A nutritionist is supposed to take?
    • History
    • Physical exam
    • Height and weight
    • Lab tests
  2. Which is he most calcium dense?
    Non fat milk
  3. Intake of transfat, is it healthy?
    No
  4. Legumes are?
    • Peas
    • Beans
    • Nuts

    Not Potatoes
  5. Foods that have nutrients added to them are?
    Fortified foods
  6. What do vegetarians need more of in their diet?
    Iron
  7. What vitamin do vegetarians lack in their diet?
    B12 found in meat
  8. What is digestion?
    Breakdown of foods into smaller particles so they can be absorbed.
  9. What is absorption?
    When nutrients are being taken into the body
  10. Mastication
    Chewing
  11. Deglutition?
    swallowing
  12. Contraction and relaxation of the esophagus and intestines is called?
    peristolosis
  13. Where does digestion begin?
    in the mouth
  14. 4 Tastes
    • sweet
    • salty
    • sour
    • bitter
  15. Where and what is the epiglottis?
    it is present in the throat. it prevents you from choking. Its a flap that opens and closes over the larynx
  16. Where are all the sphincters located?
    • Upper and lower esophageal sphincters
    • Pyloric sphincter
    • Ileocecal sphincter
    • Anal sphincter
    • Anus sphincter
  17. What prevents a person from choking?
    epiglottis
  18. What is bolus?
    chewed up food that we swallow
  19. Where is the pyloric sphincter?
    between the stomach and the small intestine
  20. What does the pyloric sphincter do?
    It prevents the back up of contents back into the stomach
  21. What comes after the stomach?
    • Duodedum
    • Jejunum
    • Ileum
  22. Large intestine is also known as?
    The colon
  23. What is chyme?
    Milkshake in the stomach, partially digested food
  24. What is the function of the sphincter muscle?
    it controls the passage of food through the gi tract
  25. Where are carbs absorbed?
    in the small intestine

    so are proteins and fats
  26. What is reflux?
    the backward flow of chyme
  27. what does mucus in the stomach do?
    protects the lining of the stomach from gastric juices
  28. What do pancreatic enzymes do?
    • they breakdown fats
    • but cannot breakdown fiber
  29. What does the gall bladder do?
    stores bile
  30. What is the medical term for sugar?
    glucose
  31. What is the sugar (carbohydrate) of milk?
    lactose
  32. What is another name for lactose?
    milk sugar
  33. Another name for table sugar?
    sucrose
  34. Another name for fruit sugar?
    fructose
  35. What is glycogen?
    storage form of glucose in the muscles and liver
  36. What does fiber do?
    It delays gastric emptying
  37. What does satiety mean?
    feeling of fullness
  38. Where is fiber broken down?
    in the large intestine by the bacteria
  39. Does fiber give energy?
    no
  40. When eating carbs, it begins in the mouth with the breakdown by?
    amalase
  41. Which has more glycogen?
    the liver
  42. What does insulin do?
    lowers blood glucose levels
  43. Name 2 harmones?
    • glucose and glucogon
    • glucogon increase blood glucose levels
  44. how do you know if someone is a diabetic?
    you perform a glucose test

    • 100-125 pre diabetic
    • 125-or more- diabetic
  45. What is lecithin?
    example of phospholipid, found in the body and certain foods
  46. Bile is made up of?
    cholesterol, vitamin d and harmones

    not glucose
  47. Bile is stored in the?
    gall bladder and is released into the small intestine and made in the liver
  48. Chylomicrons?
    made in the small intestine
  49. If a person is at high risk for heart attack they should high levels of?
    LDL, low density lipo protein
  50. can fats lead to cancer?
    yes, obesity and heart disease but not lactose intolerance
  51. chronic disease
    • develops slowly
    • lasts a long time
    • progresses gradually
    • the pain is dull
  52. Acute disease
    • develops quickly
    • sharp symptoms
    • runs a short course
  53. eating oatmeal everyday is?
    a habit
  54. What are macronutrients?
    • nutrients you can see
    • such as carbs, proteins and fat.

    minerals and calcium you cannot see they are called micronutrients
  55. which nutrient gives you the most energy?
    fats (9 kilocalories)
  56. What is anthropometric?
    height and weight measurements

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