Psychodynamic theory (freud) - Personality

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  1. About psychodynamic theory (4)
    • first developed by Sigmund Freud
    • Unique approach personality
    • sits outside mainstream psychology
    • largely untested
  2. Psychoanalytic theory does what?
    attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts
  3. Three main components of Psychoanalytic theory
    • conscious:thoughts we are we aware of
    • pre-conscious: not conscious but can be made conscious through a cue
    • unconscious: inaccessible to consciousness can not become aware of thoughts and feelings, made up of sexual and aggressive desires
  4. Three aspects of psychoanalytic theory
    • Id
    • Superego
    • ego
  5. Id (4)
    • pleasure principle
    • completely unconscious
    • unconscious energy which strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive desires
    • Born with it
  6. Superego (6)
    • Unconscious and conscious 
    • More principle 
    • Provides standards and represented internal ideas for future judgements and aspirations
    • conscience 
    • develops at age 5
    • sub-divided into conscience and ego ideal
  7. Ego (5)
    • suppresses inappropriate urges using defense mechanisms
    • reality principle
    • mediates among demands of id, superego and reality
    • uses reasoning to make decisions 
    • ego is strongest in healthy person
  8. Pink concert example with exam tomorrow
    • id - go to concert
    • superego - no must study, do what's right
    • ego - have studied a lot, feel ready for exam, can do more when get home.
    • want to satisfy the id, not upset superego
  9. Iceberg metaphor
    • conscious = tip, 10% visable
    • preconscious and unconscious = base, 90% underwater
    • unconscious = 75-80%
  10. Freud's theory (4)
    • Psychosexual
    • consists of 5 stages
    • all stages must be developed 
    • if interrupted or incomplete stages, fixation at stages will occur
  11. Freud: each psychosexual stage has 3 main parts
    • Physical focus
    • Psychological theme
    • Adult character type
  12. F: Physical focus
    Where energy is concentrated and gratification obtained
  13. F: Psychological theme (2)
    • related to both physical focus and demands being made in child by outside world as they develop.
    • each stage has 2 extreme doing too much or too little of what is ideal
  14. F: Adult character type
    If person doesn't resolve the psychological issues at that stage, they will always have problems relating to those issues.
  15. Freud's first stage
    receive stimulation from what?
    fixation results in what?
    • Oral
    • birth - 18 months
    • from oral activities
    • compulsively doing things with mouth (eat/smoke)
  16. Freud's second stage
    child fixated on what
    (2 others)
    • Anal
    • 18 months - 3.5 years
    • bowel movements
    • anally retentive or anally expulsive
    • anal fixation result in obsession with cleanliness and control
  17. Freud's third stage
    child fixated on what
    • Oedipal/ Phallic stage
    • 3.5-6 years
    • genitals
    • penis/clitoris envy
  18. Freud's forth stage
    • Latency stage
    • 6-puberty
    • quiet stage
  19. Freud's fifth stage
    focus on
    • Genital stage
    • puberty to adulthood
    • sexual relationships
  20. 3 main parts of oral stage
    • Physical focus: mouth, sucking is primary source of pleasure
    • Psychological theme: dependency. If not fulfilled may be mistrustful, if over-fulfilled will be frustrated when world doesn't meet all needs
    • Adult character: highly dependent/ highly independent
    • If fixated here will be dependent, passive and demanding.
  21. 3 main parts of anal stage
    • Physical focus: anus, baby must control bowels
    • Psychological theme: self control/obedience. Baby must toilet train and control urges/behaviours. Parent's mustn't be too controlling or not controlling enough
    • Adult character: anally retentive (rigid, overly organised) vs anally expulsive (no self-control, hostile, disorganised)
  22. 3 main parts of Oedipal/phallic stage
    • Physical focus: Penis. children interested in playing with genitals. Boys and girls curious why each sex has one
    • Psychological theme: morality and sexuality identification. Children have sexual feelings for opposite sexed parent. Boys have castration anxiety and girls penis envy.
    • Adult character: Promiscuous and amoral OR asexual and puritanical
  23. 3 main parts of Genital stage
    • Physical focus: genitals
    • Psychological theme: maturity, creation and enhancement of life. learn how to add something constructive to life and society.
    • Adult character: genital character is not fixated at earlier stage. Person is well-adjusted and balanced
  24. Freud's defense mechanisms
    • use ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting relaity
    • repression - banishing arousing thoughts from consciousness
    • regression - retreat to more infantile stage
    • reaction formation - makes unacceptable thoughts look like their opposite
    • Projection - disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others
  25. Freudian slip
    • meant to say one thing, but accidently reveal true feelings.
    • eg to wife: you've ruined my life
  26. Freud's measuring of the unconscious
    2 ways
    Criticisms (3)
    • Thematic apperception test:
    • view images and make story
    • Rorschach test:
    • inkblot test
    • untestable
    • narrow focus
    • not based on scientific evidence
    • persistent of ideas in our society
    • portrayed extensively in modern culture
Card Set:
Psychodynamic theory (freud) - Personality
2013-06-29 06:52:11

Freud and Erikson
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