Psychodynamic theory (Erikson)- Personality

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gracebee101
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225332
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Psychodynamic theory (Erikson)- Personality
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2013-06-29 03:46:12
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Psyhcology
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Erikson's theory
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  1. Erikson's theory facts (3)
    • gradual transformation from Freud's idead
    • provides broader viewpoint giving greater power and more functions to the ego and consciousness
    • development staged and has social focus
  2. Erikson's 1st stage
    age
    crisis
    favourable outcome
    unfavourable outcome 
    positive outcome depends on
    • 1st year of life
    • Trust vs mistrust
    • faith in environment and future
    • suspicion, fear of future
    • depends on consistency of child's caregiver. Child must receive predictable, consistent reliable care
  3. Erikson's 2nd stage
    age
    crisis
    favourable outcome
    unfavourable outcome 
    positive outcome depends on
    • 2nd year of life
    • autonomy vs doubt
    • self control and adequacy 
    • shame and self doubt
    • depends on support from parents. parents must encourage child to be independent , but protect them from failure
  4. Erikson's 3rd stage
    age
    crisis
    favourable outcome
    unfavourable outcome 
    positive outcome depends on
    • 3-5 years
    • initiative vs guilt
    • be a self-starter, initiate own activities
    • guilt and inadequacy to be alone
    • parents must encourage initiative of child's play and questions
  5. Erikson's 4th stage 
    age
    crisis
    favourable outcom
    eunfavourable outcome 
    positive outcome depends on
    • 6 years - puberty
    • industry (competence) vs inferiority 
    • ability to learn how things work, understand and organise
    • sense of inferiority @ understanding and organising 
    • child must be encouraged and reinforced for initiative
  6. Erikson's 5th stage
    age
    crisis
    favourable outcome
    unfavourable outcome 
    what should happen in stage
    • Adolescence
    • identity vs confusion
    • seeing self as unique and integrated person
    • confusion over who and what self is
    • Two identities involved: sexual and occupational. at end of stage a reintegrated sense of self, of what one wants to do/be and of one's appropriate sex role
  7. Erikson's 6th stage 
    age
    crisis
    favourable outcome
    unfavourable outcome 
    positive outcome means
    • Early adulthood
    • intimacy vs isolation 
    • ability to make commitments to others and love
    • inability to form affectionate relationships
    • musn't avoid intimacy,must explore relationships with long term commitments with people that aren't family
  8. Erikson's 7th stage
    age
    crisis
    favourable outcome
    unfavourable outcome 
    positive outcome depends on
    • Middle age
    • generativity vs self-adsorption
    • concern for family and society
    • concern just for self
    • must establish careers and family, develop sense of bigger picture. Must give back to society with children and career
  9. Erikson's 8th stage
    age
    crisis
    favourable outcome
    unfavourable outcome 
    positive outcome requires
    • Aging years
    • Integrity vs despaur
    • integrity, fulfillment, willing to die
    • dissatisfaction with life, despair about death
    • must see life as productive
  10. Freud and Erikson
    types of psychologists
    emphasised what
    both say what
    • both focused on topography of personality
    • F was id psychologist
    • E was ego psychologist
    • F emphasised conflict between if and superego
    • E emphasised role of society and culture and conflicts that take place with ego
    • Both say personality develops in predetermined order
  11. Erikson's 3 levels of development @ psychosocial stages
    most crucial stage
    • Biological
    • social
    • psychological 
    • adolescence

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